The doolittle raiders
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The Doolittle Raiders. April 18 th , 1942. The Doolittle Raid. President Roosevelt wanted to find a way to get back at the Japanese for Pearl Harbor Wanted to surprise the Japanese Boost morale in the United States Prove the U.S. was capable of striking back.

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The Doolittle Raiders

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The doolittle raiders

The Doolittle Raiders

April 18th, 1942


The doolittle raid

The Doolittle Raid

  • President Roosevelt wanted to find a way to get back at the Japanese for Pearl Harbor

    • Wanted to surprise the Japanese

    • Boost morale in the United States

    • Prove the U.S. was capable of striking back.


Lt col james h jimmy doolittle

Lt. Col. James H. “Jimmy” Doolittle

  • Born in CA, raised in Alaska

  • Flight instructor during WWI

  • Test Pilot and aeronautical engineer between the wars

    • Earned the Distinguished Flying Cross

  • Helped develop instrument flying

  • Set world’s speed record at 296 mph


The doolittle raid1

The Doolittle Raid

  • 16 B-25 bombers took off from the U.S.S. Hornet

    • Attacked 5 major cities in Japan, including Toyko

  • Launch point was 450 miles from Japan

    • A Japanese fishing boat discovered them 200 miles before their launch point


Plane modifications

Plane Modifications

  • Removal of the lower gun turret

  • Installation of de-icers and anti-icers

  • Steel blast plates mounted on the fuselage around the upper turret

  • Removal of the liaison radio set

  • Installation of three additional fuel tanks and support mounts in the bomb bay, crawl way and lower turret area to increase fuel capacity from 646 to 1,141 U.S. gallons (2,445 to 4,319 litres)

  • Mock gun barrels installed in the tail cone

  • Replacement of their Norden bombsight with a makeshift aiming sight.


The doolittle raiders

Cont.

  • All 16 planes hit their target cities

  • The early launch forced all crews to either bail out early or ditch their plane in the ocean

    • 15 planes headed for China

    • 1 to Vladistok, Russia

    • 3 died, 8 captured, 4 of which died/killed

      • Of the 50 who parachuted, 49 reached the ground safely


Results

Results

  • Japanese killed 250,000 Chinese civilians looking for the downed airmen

  • Attack did little actual damage, but boosted morale in U.S. and forced Japan to defend their home island

    • Japanese thought the U.S. had developed a new long range aircraft.


The doolittle raiders

Crew

  • Every participant received Distinguished Flying Cross

    • 2 received Silver Star

    • Doolittle received the Medal of Honor

    • Doolittle received Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1989.


U s s hornet

U.S.S. Hornet


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