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Clauses – Sentences Common Lesson for 8 th Grade Language Arts. EQ: How do I identify simple, compound, complex, and compound-complex sentences?. What is a simple sentence?. A sentence that has one independent clause. Example: The boys ran to the bus stop. What is an independent clause?.

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  • EQ: How do I identify simple, compound, complex, and compound-complex sentences?


What is a simple sentence
What is a simple sentence?

  • A sentence that has one independent clause.

  • Example: The boys ran to the bus stop.


What is an independent clause
What is an independent clause?

  • A group of words that (1) makes a complete statement, and (2) has a subject and a predicate.

  • Example: The eggs rolled off the counter.


What are the four different types of simple sentences
What are the four different types of simple sentences?

  • A simple sentence has one independent clause that contains one subject and one verb – SV.

  • Example: The little girl was walking to the store.


Simple sentences
Simple Sentences

  • A simple sentence has one independent clause that contains two subjects and one verb – SSV.

  • Example: The apples and the oranges were rolling across the counter.


Simple sentences1
Simple Sentences

  • A simple sentence has one independent clause that contains one subject and two verbs – SVV.

  • Example: The children were running and skipping in the yard.


Simple sentences2
Simple Sentences

  • A simple sentence has one independent clause that contains two subjects and two verbs – SSVV.

  • Example: Peter and Josh went hunting and fishing for their vacation.


What is a compound sentence
What is a compound sentence?

  • A compound sentence is sentence with two independent clauses.

  • Example: Sarah is an art teacher, but she tutors math in the evening.

  • The rain came down heavily, and the creek flooded.


What is a coordinating conjunction
What is a coordinating conjunction?

  • A coordinating conjunction is a FAN BOY word used with a comma to join to independent clauses.


Coordinating Conjunctions

  • What are the “FAN BOYS”?

  • F

  • A

  • N

  • B

  • O

  • Y

  • S

  • , FOR

  • , AND

  • , NOR

  • , BUT

  • , OR

  • , YET

  • , SO

Coordinating conjunctions- join words, phrases, and clauses.


What is a semicolon
What is a semicolon?

  • A semicolon can be used in place of a comma and a FANBOY word to connect two independent clauses.

  • Example: Cathy went to the mountains; she hiked to the river.


What are the two types of compound sentences
What are the two types of compound sentences?

  • I , c I – Independent clause comma fanboy word independent clause

  • Example: Susan ran in the Boston Marathon, and Bill climbed Mount McKinley.

  • I ; I – Independent clause semicolon independent clause

  • Example: The boys went to the ballgame; the girls went to the dance.


What is a complex sentence
What is a complex sentence?

  • A sentence that contains one independent clause and one or more dependent clause.

  • Example: When the store opened, the customers ran to the sale rack.


What is a dependent clause
What is a dependent clause?

  • A group of words that cannot stand along, begins with a subordinating conjunction and contains a subject and verb.

  • Example: Kathy will be late for dinner since the meeting is still in progress.


What is a relative pronoun?

  • starts a dependent clause

  • ONLY 5 - that, which, who, whom, whose

What is a subordinating conjunction?

  • starts a dependent clause

  • think – “A WHITE BUS”


Subordinating Conjunctions

  • What is “A WHITE BUS”?

  • A

  • W

  • H

  • I

  • T

  • E

  • B

  • U

  • S

  • after, although, as, as if, as long as,

  • as soon as, as though

  • while, when, whenever, where, wherever

  • how

  • if

Subordinating conjunctions- start dependent clauses (must be followed by a subject and a verb).

  • than, though

  • even though

  • because

  • until, unless

  • so that, since


What are the two types of complex sentences
What are the two types of complex sentences?

  • D , I – Although she was scared to death, Kathy gave a short speech to the class.

  • I D – The car is perfect for me because I can afford the payment.


Complex sentences
Complex Sentences

  • D , I ; I – Unless he returns soon, we will have to leave; we should not be late for the play.

  • I D ; I – The builders worked until it began to rain; they huddled together in the hut.

  • I ; I D – Janice must stay home; she has to babysit until her parents come back.


What is a compound complex sentence
What is a compound-complex sentence?

  • A compound-complex sentence has two or more independent clauses and at least one dependent clause.

  • Example: Before the trick-or-treaters came, Jill made candied apples; they were delicious.


What are the types of compound complex sentences
What are the types of compound-complex sentences?

  • D , I, c I – Since Jan and Jen are done, they can go get Jim, and we can all go to the movie.

  • I D , c I – Hitler retained power until he died, and his reign lasted ten years.

  • I , c I D – She should come soon, but I will not be disappointed if she does not arrive.


Can you do it on you own?

  • Complete the chart . . .


Types of Sentences

Simple

Compound

-HASTWO or more independent clauses

AND NO dependent clauses

-JOINED by comma and a coordinating conjunction (FANBOYS) OR a semi-colon

-clauses MUST beclosely related

-CONTAINS ONE independent clause

-AND NOdependent clauses

-makes ONE complete thought

Independent Clause-

-DOES express a complete thought

-CAN stand alone as a sentence

-HAS a subject and a verb

-MAIN clause

Dependent Clause-

-DOES NOT express a complete thought

-CANNOT stand alone as a sentence

-HAS a subject and a verb

-STARTS with relative pronoun OR a subordinating conjunction

-AKA – subordinate clause

-3 types – adjective, adverb, noun clauses

Compound-

Complex

Complex

-CONTAINS ONE

independent clause

-AND ONEor more

dependent clauses

-HAS relative pronoun (that, which, who, whom, whose) or subordinating conjunction (A WHITE BUS) to indicate dependent clause

-HAS TWOor more independent clauses

-AND has ONEor more dependent clauses


Types of Sentences - formulas

Simple

Compound

Independent Clause-

-DOES express a complete thought

-CAN stand alone as a sentence

-HAS a subject and a verb

-MAIN clause

I;I

I,cI

SV

SSV

SVV

SSVV

Dependent Clause-

-DOES NOT express a complete thought

-CANNOT stand alone as a sentence

-HAS a subject and a verb

-STARTS with relative pronoun OR a subordinating conjunction

-AKA – subordinate clause

-3 types – adjective, adverb, noun clauses

Complex

Compound-

Complex

D,I

ID

D,ID

* There are many combinations

D,I;I

ID,cI

* There are many combinations



Clause Types

Dependent

Independent

Can NOT stand alone

DEPENDS on something else to help it survive

Can stand all by itself

Doesn’t need any help

Think of an adult. They are independent. They can stand alone.

Think of a baby. They DEPEND on their parents to help them survive. They CANNOT stand alone.


Compound

Simple

Compound Complex

Complex


Simple

Architects design buildings.


Compound

  • Architects create blueprints, and these blueprints help the contractors to build the buildings.


Complex

  • Becausethere is a system called Computer Aided Design, the architects are able to make blueprints.


Compound Complex

  • While they are looking at the blueprints, sometimes the contractors find mistakes, becausethe architect will have to make corrections.


Last man standing
LAST MAN STANDING

  • I will place a sentence on the screen.

  • When you see the sentence, decide what type of object is the boldfaced word. Is it an “simple,” “compound” “complex” or “compound-complex?”

  • On the count of three, you will hold up the card that shows your answer choice.

  • If you get the answer correct, then you will remain standing. If you get it wrong, I will ask you to sit down.

  • Your objective is to be the last one standing.



Although I am able to do many exciting things, I have difficulty finding time to do them.

Answer:

COMPLEX




Most of the students enjoyed the reading, but many of them were too lazy to complete it.

Answer:

COMPOUND




She couldn’t contain her excitement. basketball game.

Answer:

SIMPLE


When she tripped and fell, she hurt her leg. basketball game.

Answer:

COMPLEX


The students will organize a coat-and-hat drive this winter, for homeless people often do not have warm clothes.

Answer:

COMPOUND


Sean tutors, and he helps students learn language arts. winter, for homeless people often do not have warm clothes.

Answer:

COMPOUND



Mr. drives for them. Luizzo, who is a retired pilot, talked to us about his experiences in enemy territory.

Answer:

COMPLEX


Although the Foster Grandparent Program is more than 30 years old, many people do not know about it.

Answer:

COMPLEX


The story, which made them laugh, was about a monkey. years old, many people do not know about it.

Answer:

COMPLEX


More clause sentences review
MORE years old, many people do not know about it.CLAUSE/SENTENCES REVIEW


SENTENCE TYPES REVIEW AND PRACTICE years old, many people do not know about it.

  • Directions: In each of the following sentences, put parenthesis ( ) around INDEPENDENT CLAUSES, underline _________ each DEPENDENT CLAUSE, X each COORDINATING CONJUNCTION, and circle each SUBORDINATING CONJUNCTION.

  • After analyzing the sentence, decide on the sentence type: simple, compound, complex, or compound-complex.

  • Simple b. Compound c. Complex d. Compound-Complex

  • Cathy loves science, and she is very good in algebra.

  • The kind students worked hard, and the teacher appreciated it.

  • During the break, the students bought lunch and ice cream.

  • We will go out for ice cream after we eat the delicious fried liver.

  • She went to the movie because the bowling alley was closed.

  • Before you finish the test, you should check your answers, but you may not talk to your partner.

  • After the delicious meal, the old man fell asleep.

  • The boy sold his stereo which was very old.

  • Since it is the end of the quarter, we have no school on Monday.

  • We went to the game, but our parents went out to dinner.


SENTENCE TYPES REVIEW AND PRACTICE years old, many people do not know about it.

  • Directions: In each of the following sentences, put parenthesis ( ) around INDEPENDENT CLAUSES, underline _________ each DEPENDENT CLAUSE, X each COORDINATING CONJUNCTION, and circle each SUBORDINATING CONJUNCTION.

  • After analyzing the sentence, decide on the sentence type: simple, compound, complex, or compound-complex.

  • Simple b. Compound c. Complex d. Compound-Complex

  • Kim, Jolanda, and Johnny played in the game.

  • My friend likes to sing, but she has a really bad voice.

  • The old lady likes to watch movies, but the old man likes to read books.

  • We saw the movie after we read the book.

  • The examples that you studied last night should prepare you for the test, but you still need to check each answer

  • The student smiled when he finished the language arts test.

  • Mr. Smith, who was leaving the room in a hurry, hit his toe on the door, but he did not break it.

  • Many students like the teacher who needs a hearing aid.

  • The teacher sensed that the students were confused, so she asked for more effort from the group.

  • The student received a letter because he was getting ready for the trip; he needs to get it signed.


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