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What Everyone Should Know about Asthma Asthma Health Information for Health Promoters. Modified powerpoint originally created by Philadelphia Allies Against Asthma and adapted for use by HHO Health Promoters December 2006. What Is Asthma?.

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What everyone should know about asthma asthma health information for health promoters
What Everyone Should Know about AsthmaAsthma Health Information for Health Promoters

Modified powerpoint originally created by Philadelphia Allies Against Asthma and adapted for use by HHO Health Promoters

December 2006


What is asthma
What Is Asthma?

  • Asthma is a chronic lung disease that can be life threatening if not treated and controlled.

  • The cause of asthma in unknown, but some things make asthma worse.


What is happening during an asthma attach
What Is Happening During an Asthma Attach ?

When someone is having an asthma attack the following is happening:

  • The lining of the airway is swollen and irritated.

  • The muscles around the airway tighten and make it hard to breathe.

  • The airway makes a thick mucus.


What is happening during an asthma attack in the lungs
What Is Happening During an Asthma Attack in the Lungs?


Asthma warning signs

Know Your

Child’s Warning

Signs!

Asthma Warning Signs

Warning signs are clues that your child’s asthma may be getting worse.

  • Runny stuffy nose

  • Headache

  • Tickle in throat

  • Child has a cold or flu

  • Coughing

  • Restless


What are the symptoms of asthma
What Are the Symptoms of Asthma?

Not all people with asthma have the same symptoms

The most common symptoms are:

  • Coughing – a cough that may not go away or may be worse at night

  • Wheezing – a whistling sound that is usually heard when breathing out


What are the symptoms of asthma1
What Are the Symptoms of Asthma?

  • Shortness of breath – feels like not being able to catch a breath

  • Tightness or pain in the chest – feels like something heavy has been placed on the chest


An asthma trigger is anything that sets off asthma symptoms

AN ASTHMA TRIGGER IS…

anything that sets off asthma symptoms

What Causes Asthma Attacks?



Ways to avoid triggers
Ways to Avoid Triggers

Dust, dander, and house mites

  • Dust the house with a damp cloth, especially in the child’s bedroom.

  • Use a damp mop to clean the floor.

  • Cover pillow, mattress, and boxspring with special dust-mite–proof covers.


Ways to avoid triggers1
Ways to Avoid Triggers

Smoke

  • Try to make the home smoke free by

    • Never allowing smoking in the home or car

    • Never allowing smoking around the child

    • Quitting smoking

  • Avoid burning incense or candles.


  • Ways to avoid triggers2
    Ways to Avoid Triggers

    Pets

    • If possible, remove pets from the home or limit the child’s contact with the animal.

    • Never allow pets in the child’s bedroom.


    Ways to avoid triggers3
    Ways to Avoid Triggers

    Strong odors and scented products

    • Avoid heavy scents, like perfumes, hairsprays, and certain household cleaners like bleach or ammonia.

    • Don’t use room deodorizers.


    Ways to avoid triggers4
    Ways to Avoid Triggers

    Cockroach dander

    • Keep all food in closed containers, and keep trash bags closed.

    • Clean up moist areas such as kitchen and bathroom.

    • Clean areas where roaches have been with hot soapy water to remove dander previously dropped by roaches.



    Types of medications
    Types of Medications

    • Long-term “controller” medicine

    • Quick-relief “rescue” medicine


    Long term medications
    Long-Term Medications

    • Long-term “controller” medicine prevents swelling and inflammation of the airway and should be used every day, even when feeling well.


    Quick relief medications
    Quick-Relief Medications

    • Quick-relief “rescue” medicine works quickly to open the tightened airway.

    • Quick-relief medicine is usually used on an as-needed basis.


    Asthma devices
    Asthma Devices

    Inhaler “the pump”

    • Delivers inhaled medication in a spray mist form


    Asthma devices1
    Asthma Devices

    Inhaler with Spacer

    • A spacer catches the mist and holds it so it can be breathed in slowly. This allows the medicine to reach the person’s lungs.


    Asthma devices2
    Asthma Devices

    Nebulizer

    • A machine that delivers medication in a mist.


    Asthma devices3
    Asthma Devices

    Peak Flow Meter

    • A device used to measure how air flows from your lungs in one “fast blast.”


    Managing asthma peak expiratory flow pef meters
    Managing Asthma:Peak Expiratory Flow (PEF) Meters

    The Peak Flow Meter allows the patient to assess the status of his or her asthma, and use that information in his or her asthma action plan.


    What is an asthma action plan
    What Is an Asthma Action Plan?

    • An asthma action plan is a tool for patients that helps families manage asthma.

    • It tells exactly how and when to take medicines.

    • It also tells how and when to use the quick-relief medicine and what to do when the child develops symptoms or has an attack.


    An example of an asthma action plan
    An Example of an Asthma Action Plan

    Describes what medicines to use and actions to take


    Tips about the action plan
    Tips About the Action Plan

    • The action plan should be completed by your child’s medical provider.

    • Every child with asthma should have an asthma action plan.


    Who should have copies of the asthma action plan
    Who Should Have Copies of the Asthma Action Plan?

    • Medical providers

    • Parent and/or caregiver

    • School nurse or daycare provider

    • Camp (during summer time) or after-school program

    • Babysitter



    Getting asthma under control
    Getting Asthma Under Control

    • See a health-care provider for regular asthma checkups at least twice a year.

    • Follow an Asthma Action Plan.

    • Learn how to take the right medicine at the right time, the right way.


    Getting asthma under control1
    Getting Asthma Under Control

    • Learn about asthma triggers and how to avoid them.

    • Talk about peak flow monitoring with your health-care provider.


    A child with well controlled asthma
    A Child With Well-Controlled Asthma

    • Sleeps through the night

    • Goes to school every day

    • Is able to play, take gym, and participate in sports


    Acknowledgments
    Acknowledgments

    Developed by Jessica Anglin with input from the

    Philadelphia Allies Against Asthma Community

    Intervention Committee

    Sponsored by the Philadelphia Allies Against

    Asthma Coalition

    8/2003


    For more information on asthma
    For More Information on Asthma

    You can go to the following websites :

    • Allies Against Asthma at www.asthma. umich.edu

    • Asthma Allergy Foundation of America at www.aafa.org

    • American Lung Association at www.lungusa.org

    • National Blood Lung and Heart Institute at www.nhlbi.nih.gov

    • American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology at www.aaaai.org

    • School Asthma Allergy at www.schoolasthmaallergy.com


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