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The Solar System:. JUPITER. Jupiter. is the 5th planet from the sun is a gas giant has a diameter of 142,984 km (more than 300 times bigger than Earth and more than twice as big as all the rest of the planets added together) is 778,330,000 km from the sun has 39 known satellites.

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jupiter
Jupiter...
  • is the 5th planet from the sun
  • is a gas giant
  • has a diameter of 142,984 km (more than 300 times bigger than Earth and more than twice as big as all the rest of the planets added together)
  • is 778,330,000 km from the sun
  • has 39 known satellites
galileo s discovery
Galileo’s Discovery

Using a homemade telescope, Galileo discovered 4 moons revolving around Jupiter in 1610. These moons are known as the Galilean moons: Io, Ganymede, Callisto, and Europa. This was important evidence that the earth was not the center of the solar system.

exploration of jupiter
Pioneer 10

1st spacecraft to pass asteroid belt

found intense radiation around Jupiter

Pioneer 11

measured solar wind, Jupiter’s magnetic field and atmosphere

Voyager 1

investigated atmospheres and moons

found Jupiter;s rings

Voyager 2

found volcanoes on Io

found frozen crust on Europa

Galileo

1st spacecraft to orbit a gas planet

Exploration of Jupiter
slide6
Jupiter is about 90% hydrogen and 10% helium
  • Three distinct layers of clouds are believed to exist: ammonia ice, ammonium hydrosulfide, and a mixture of ice and water.
  • Jupiter has high velocity winds
  • The Great Red Spot is an oval big enough to hold two Earths.

Jupiter -has a core of rocky material

Above the core lies the main bulk of the planet in the form of liquid metallic hydrogen

rotation revolution
Rotation/Revolution

Mean distance from the Sun: 5.203 AU (778,400,000 km/483,700,000 mi)

Length of Year: 11.86 Earth years

Rotation Period: 9.92 hours

Mean Orbital Velocity: 13.06 km/s (8.1 mi/s)

Inclination of Axis: 3.12° Diameter: 142,980 km/88,700 mi

satellites
Satellites

Europa is the 4th largest moon and has a smooth frozen crust. There may be liquid water under it.

Io is the third largest moon It has active volcanoes.

Ganymede is the

largest moon in

the solar system.

.

Callisto is the second largest moon and is almost as big as Mercury.

review questions
Review Questions
  • Describe the composition of Jupiter.
  • Who discovered Jupiter?
  • How did Jupiter get its name?
  • What spacecraft have visited Jupiter
  • and what did they have discover?
works cited
Works Cited
  • http://www.spacegrant.hawaii.edu/class_acts/GeologyChart.html
  • http://www.solarviews.com/cap/
  • http://www.pantheon.org/articles/z/zeus.html
  • http://antwrp.gsfc.nasa.gov/apod/ap980913.html
  • http://solarsystem.nasa.gov/missions/jup_missns/jup-p10.html
  • http://seds.lpl.arizona.edu/nineplanets/nineplanets/nineplanets.html
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