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Different instruments of the RDP 2007 -13 as good tools for combining and complementing aims of nature conservation and sustainable agriculture Andrej Bibič Ministry for the Environment and Spatial Planning Sector for Nature Conservation Policy. State of biodiversity in Slovenia.

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State of biodiversity in Slovenia

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State of biodiversity in slovenia

Different instruments of the RDP 2007 -13 as good tools for combining and complementing aims of nature conservation and sustainable agricultureAndrej BibičMinistry for the Environment and Spatial PlanningSector for Nature Conservation Policy


State of biodiversity in slovenia

State of biodiversity in Slovenia

Slovenia is one of the countries with the highest biodiversity in European Union:


State of biodiversity in slovenia1

State of biodiversity in Slovenia

Ecologically Important Areas


Natura 2000 in slovenia

Natura 2000 in Slovenia

SPA - 26 sites (22,8 %)

pSCI - 260 sites(31,6 %)

Total – 231 sites

(35,5 %)

22-25% of agricultural land


Agricultural land

Agricultural land

Conditions for farming differ largely in different parts of Slovenia

Large parts of the country have been abandoned and subject to natural succession (afforestation)

Lowland parts of the country have been intensified, and in some parts intensification still continues


Areas facing land abandonment

Foto: L. Božič

Areas facing land abandonment

  • Example: Trnovski gozd, Natura 2000 site

  • for grassland species and habitat types


Areas facing land abandonment1

Areas facing land abandonment

  • Farming is based on grasslands (orography & climate). Objectives to preserve farming in the area are fully compatible with nature conservation objectives.

  • Shift in direct payments to single farm payment encourages more

  • land to be farmed.

No special N2k a-e measures

All agri-environment payments for grasslands (6 types)

LFA payments


Areas facing land abandonment2

Areas facing land abandonment

  • Agri-environment measures for grasslands


Areas facing intensification

Areas facing intensification

  • Example: Nanoščica, Natura 2000 site

  • for grassland species and habitat types


Areas facing intensification1

Areas facing intensification

  • Farming is based on grasslands and fields. Objectives to preserve farming in the area are partly compatible with nature conservation objectives.

  • Orography and climate allow intensification of grasslands.

Special N2k a-e measures

All agri-environment payments for grasslands (6 types)

LFA payments


Areas facing intensification2

Areas facing intensification

  • Example: Nanoščica, Natura 2000 site

  • for grassland species and habitat types


Development of special a e measures

HAB

eligible

Development of special a-e measures

  • In the RDP 2004-06 two overall a-e measures designated for endangered habitats, and 2 special N2k a-e measures (GRB, HAB)

GRB, HAB

ETA

All agri-environment payments for grasslands (6 types)

LFA payments


Development of special a e measures1

All agri-environment payments for grasslands (6 types)

LFA payments

Development of special a-e measures

  • In the RDP 2007-17 two overall a-e measures designated for endangered habitats, and 5 special N2k a-e measures.

STE

VTR

GRB, MET, HAB

ETA


State of biodiversity in slovenia

Objectives in the draft Natura 2000 operational programme

Natura 2000 operational programme sets objectives for each Natura 2000 site in relation to agri-environmental measures, designated for farmland species and/or habitat types

  • Example for achieving conservation aim for rock partridge (site Trnovski gozd):

    • further afforestation is stopped with maintenance of pastures, agri-environment measures for low input grasslands. Until 2010 maintenance of 370 ha in these measures, until 2013 increase to 400 ha.


State of biodiversity in slovenia

More information

http://www.natura2000.gov.si

Interactive map:

http://kremen.arso.gov.si/NVatlas/ewmap.asp


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