Global platform and regional implementation trends and challenges
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Global platform and regional implementation: Trends and Challenges. Jean Luc Poncelet, MD, MPH. Area on Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Relief. Content. Trends in disaster management Global Mechanism Regional implementation Challenges. 1. Trends. From response to development

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Global platform and regional implementation trends and challenges

Global platform and regional implementation:Trends and Challenges

Jean Luc Poncelet, MD, MPH

Area on Emergency Preparedness and Disaster Relief


Content

Content

  • Trends in disaster management

  • Global Mechanism

  • Regional implementation

  • Challenges


1 trends

1. Trends

  • From response to development

    • Disaster response up to the 60’s

    • Disaster preparedness: Earthquake of Guatemala 1976

      • Prepare the response

    • Disaster mitigation: Gilbert 88 and Hugo 99

      • Disasters occur but their impact can be reduced

    • Disaster recovery and disaster prevention as part of development: in process/being developed

      • Prevention: can hazard be “eliminated”?

    • Risk= Hazard + Vulnerability


Trends

Trends

  • Increasing of the technical complexity:

    • Emergency responders Engineers Planners institutions national agenda

    • Evacuation plans protection of structures protection of functions protection of inversion

    • Ad hoc response standards


Trends1

Trends

  • Increasing of the national capacity*:

    • Health disaster coordination programs in each country

    • National disaster coordination entities in each country

    • However, limited to some hazards and mostly in response.

      * PAHO/WHO survey


The tsunami and pakistan earthquake

The Tsunami and Pakistan Earthquake

  • Events can affect an entire region

  • “The international humanitarian community can respond to it. Only a matter of putting the necessary resource.”

  • Massive events requires massive assistance


Katrina

Katrina

  • Large countries can be affected

  • Similitude between Katrina and Grenada post Ivan.

    • Absence of design for the system to be overwhelmed


Any questions

ANY QUESTIONS ?

?


Trends2

Trends

  • Inclusion of new hazards:

    • Epidemic of International interest (IHR - International Health Regulations):

      • SARS

      • Pandemic Flu

    • Bioterrorism

  • My neighbors threat can be my threat


Trends3

Trends

  • Increasing number of partners

    • Coordination is increasing complex


2 global mechanisms

2. Global Mechanisms


Global mechanisms

Global mechanisms

  • Response:

  • Mitigation:


Global mechanisms1

Global mechanisms

  • Global response mechanism

    • IASC

      • Grouping a UN Agencies and NGO’s

      • Cluster Approach

    • OCHA:

      • Overall coordination

      • International appeal

    • PAHO/WHO: Health coordination

    • Others


Global mechanisms2

Global mechanisms

  • Risk Reduction mechanism

    • ISDR International Strategy for Disaster Reduction

      • Global system for disaster risk reduction

      • Kobe, Hyogo framework 2015 (168 countries commitments)

    • WB

      • Global disaster mitigation facility

    • UNDP

    • ProVention

      • Consortium of international institutions (IFRC)


Regional implementation

Regional implementation


Regional implementation1

Regional implementation

  • Response:

    • Response teams

      • Regional health response team PAHO/WHO

        • 80 professionals in disaster coordination and sub specialty (epidemiology, mental health, toxicology,..)

        • Bilateral teams (Cuba, Mexico, Venezuela,…)

      • UNDAC

        • Regional team

      • LSS/SUMA

      • IFRC

        • PADRU,..

      • CDERA

    • Web site

      • www.paho.org/disasters

      • www.reliefweb.int


Regional implementation2

Regional implementation

  • Mitigation & Recovery

    • ISDR

    • OAS

    • ACS


Intersection among platforms and institutions

Intersection among platforms and institutions

  • Global:

    • SG

    • WHO

    • OCHA

    • Otros UN (UNICEF, PMA,..), Federación,

    • WB,

    • donantes

    • etc..

  • Regional

    • PAHO/WHO

    • OCHA

    • UN

    • FCR

    • IDB

  • Subregional

    • CDERA

    • CARICOM

    • ACS

    • CDB


Global platforms in countries

Global platforms in countries

  • International/ regional

  • PAHO/WHO

  • OCHA,

  • WB, IDB, CDB

  • NGO’s

  • FAO,

  • Southcom, RSS

  • ….

  • National

    • MOH

    • National Disaster System

    • Finance

    • Planning

    • NGO’s

    • Agriculture

    • Military


The challenges

The Challenges

  • Avoid useless competition/ build network:

    • Specify/ identify the (complementary) role of each agency/ institution. Formal arrangement

    • Create/ strengthen network of doers. Informal coordination


Challenges

Challenges

  • A system will break at its weakest point.

  • Disaster management is the art of identifying those weaknesses.

  • Disaster management is increasingly an issue of directing other institution assets toward gaps in risk reduction


Challenges1

Challenges

  • Disaster is not about having the largest budget possible.

  • It is about being

    • at the right time, at the right place, with the right people

    • to ensure most efficient decisions are taken based on previous experience and the existing/accessible resources


Global platform and regional implementation trends and challenges

.

  • Not enough to have a good knowledge of disaster risk management

  • Entities/professionals must now be able to demonstrate a clear product.


Challenges2

Challenges

  • Change the approach to achievable, “palatable” and measurable targets.

    • Risk reduction >< safety increase


Challenges3

Challenges

  • Address the issue at the political/ public level.

    • Where are we?

    • Where do we want to go?

    • What is the next step?

    • What is missing?


Conclusions

Conclusions

  • Disaster management is increasingly complex, requires a larger network of more knowledgeable specialist

  • Global and regional platform are increasing in complexity and to cover more topics

  • The expectation of the public in increasing in both response and risk reduction


Conclusions1

Conclusions

Disaster programs must be a more efficient connector/ hub/ network


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