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Australia and Northwest America. Thesis. The tribes of Native America were far more ‘ civilised ’ than their counterparts in Australia. Why?

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Thesis
Thesis

  • The tribes of Native America were far more ‘civilised’ than their counterparts in Australia.

  • Why?

    - Generally, the land in Northwest America was more hospitable to animal and plant-life, allowing the Americans to settle down and continually hunt, forage and gather off the same land. On the other hand, Australia possesses a far more barren climate – especially the Outback. As a result, food was far more scarce and they had to keep moving to find it.


Categories
Categories

Economic

Society

Permanent Villages


Economic
Economic

  • Native Americans had economic specialisation:

    - Masons

    - Artisans

    - Shamans

    - Warriors

    Whereas, the aboriginals had no specialisation and everyone was geared towards hunting & gathering; providing for the village only.

    Both traded across their respective regions and with neighboring tribes.


Economy post columbus
Economy Post-Columbus

  • The Europeans sought to trade more with the Native Americans than the Aboriginals.

  • Sought Fur from Americans, and gave them firearms in exchange.


Society
Society

  • Native Americans had a social hierarchy, whereas the aboriginals didn’t.

    Chief > Shaman > Warrior > Everyone else

  • Both mythologies were rooted in the mystery of nature.

  • Some Native Americans owned slaves, whereas Aboriginals didn’t.


Society post columbus
Society Post-Columbus

  • In the centuries that followed European arrival, the indigenous populations were removed from their lands and placed in reservations.

  • Both were unable to combat the European settlers, who were equipped with gunpowder and steel.

  • Today, both are a minority in their respective areas.


Settlements
Settlements

  • Native Americans lived in permanent villages, whereas Aboriginals didn’t.

  • Native Americans often stored food, whereas Aboriginals didn’t.


Settlements post columbus
Settlements Post-Columbus

  • Both peoples lost their freedoms. The Americans continued to live in villages; but on reservations dictated by Europeans. The Aboriginals were nomads no more - living on European reservations instead.

  • The Americans were far more combative towards the Europeans, but both peoples’ efforts were ultimately in vain.


Conclusion
Conclusion

  • Native American tribes bore far more similarity to civilisations than that of the Aboriginals.

  • Native Americans had economic specialisation, social hierarchies and permanent villages.

  • Both were utterly and permanently devastated by the arrival of European colonists.


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