The
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 18

The Comma Part I: Punctuation, Grammar, Rhythm, and Flow Writing Samples PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 83 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

The Comma Part I: Punctuation, Grammar, Rhythm, and Flow Writing Samples. Words in a Series Compound Sentences Interjections Words at the Beginning Introductory Phrases and Clauses. Words in a Series I want a hockey stick, skates, and a helmet for my birthday. Rule

Download Presentation

The Comma Part I: Punctuation, Grammar, Rhythm, and Flow Writing Samples

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


The comma part i punctuation grammar rhythm and flow writing samples

The Comma Part I: Punctuation, Grammar, Rhythm, and Flow

Writing Samples

  • Words in a Series

  • Compound Sentences

  • Interjections

  • Words at the Beginning

  • Introductory Phrases and Clauses


Words in a series i want a hockey stick skates and a helmet for my birthday

Words in a SeriesI want a hockey stick, skates, and a helmet for my birthday.

Rule

Place commas between words, phrases, or clauses in a series. A series is three items or more in a row.


Words in a series

Words in a Series

Jordan, Stackhouse, and Hughes were disappointed with the loss to the Knicks.

Ruth plays field hockey, basketball, and soccer.

She bought carrots, apples, and bananas.

Toucans have feathers, beaks, and wings.


Phrases in a series

Phrases in a Series

Michael Jordan enjoys playing basketball, hitting golf balls, and watching baseball.

Cinderella washes the floor in the morning, in the afternoon, and in the evening.

We looked for Darren in the auditorium lobby, in the main gym, and under the cafeteria tables.

The zoo had large cages, many animals, and strange sounds.

The nest had two eggs, a mother bird, and one chick.

We can play board games, watch a movie, or make popcorn.


Clauses in a series

Clauses in a Series

Miranda gets very thirsty when she plays tennis, when she races her brother, and when she sleeps in the desert.

You may visit the gift shop when we arrive at the park, after we hike to the ruins, or before we leave.

She was a woman who knew her strengths, who knew how to use her wit, and who wasn't afraid to speak her mind.

My dog bolts under the bed whenever thunder booms, strangers knock on the door, or I reach for the flea shampoo.


Compound sentences

Compound Sentences

Tim got a new baseball bat for his birthday, but he really wanted a new hockey stick.

Rule

Use a comma between two independent clauses that are joined by a coordinating conjunction and, but, or, nor,for, so, or yet.


Compound sentences1

Compound Sentences

Susan tried talking to her sister about her bad day, but she really needed to talk to her best friend.

My mom went to the store to buy groceries, and she stopped at the bank.

You can pick up a cup of coffee for a few dollars, or I can brew a pot at home for the same price.

Jeremy rode his bike to the store, and his friend Greg joined him.

Doug wanted to take a vacation, but he had too much work to do.


Words at the beginning of sentences

Words at the Beginning of Sentences

Yes, I can always use additional hockey equipment.

Rule

Place a comma after words like oh, yes, andno at the beginning of a sentence.Transitional words such as however, therefore, moreover, besides, and consequently used at the beginning of sentences should also be set off by commas.


Words at the beginning of sentences1

Words at the Beginning of Sentences

Yes, I intend to keep that commitment.

No, we are not visiting the mall this afternoon.

Moreover, his boss gave him a bonus.

Besides, she will be more than happy to drive us.

Also, they decided to eat lunch along the way.

However, she always responds to emails from friends.

Well, that explains everything.


Interjections wow that was an easy game

InterjectionsWow, that was an easy game!

  • Rule

  • Use a comma to separate a mild interjection from the rest of the sentence.

  • Wow, look at that sunrise!

  • Hey, you woke me up too early.

  • The following words are often used as interjections.

  • HelloHeyAh

  • Oh myNo kiddingHmm

  • ReallyWowWell


Interjections

Interjections

Hey, did you hear that?

Hey, get off that floor!

Oh, that is a surprise.

Good, now we can move on.

Jeepers, that was close!


Introductory phrases after a phrase during the season i use two separate hockey sticks

Introductory PhrasesAfter a Phrase: During the season, I use two separate hockey sticks.

Rule

Use a comma to separate a long phrase that comes before the main part of a sentence.


What is a phrase

What is a Phrase?

During the morning, we worked on skating and passing.

A phrase is a group of related words. Phrases cannot stand alone as sentences They do not have a subject and a predicate.


Introductory phrases

Introductory Phrases

In fact, the planet Mars glows red on a clear night.

During the track meet, Mike lost his sweatshirt.

Pausing only for a sip of water, the runner continued on with his marathon.

Before leaving for school, Martha decided to go to the gym.

In the morning, Annie woke from a deep sleep with an urge to eat cereal.

Between March and April, the little boy grew three inches.


The comma part i punctuation grammar rhythm and flow writing samples

Introductory ClausesAfter a dependent clause: Although I asked for new skates for my birthday, I only got new socks.

Rule

Use a comma to separate a dependent clause that comes before the main part of a sentence.


What is a dependent clause

What is a DependentClause?

Although I practiced my slap shot for hours, I still needed more work.

A dependent clause is a group of words that has a subject and a predicate but does not express a complete thought. It cannot stand alone as a sentence.


Introductory clauses

Introductory Clauses

With sweat pouring down his face, the point-guard stepped up to the free-throw line.

Although I was tired, I finished the paper by the 6:00 A.M. deadline.

As the man was walking into the store, he came face-to-face with his childhood sweetheart.

Because the rain was torrential, the day’s Little League games were postponed.

Grabbing her umbrella, Kate raced out of the house.

Before the curtain fell, the actors bowed.

If the next two nights are sellouts, the play will be extended.


The comma part i punctuation grammar rhythm and flow writing samples

Vary Your Sentence Structure: pages 428-438Commas: pages 482-489Understanding Sentences: pages 560-566


  • Login