Incubation process of a chicken
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Incubation Process of a Chicken. By: Erin Webb. Preparation Stage. Chick incubation process is 21 days Gather fertilized eggs 2 – 3 days in advance Set up incubator to maintain temperature of 99.5°F Add water for humidifying purposes Mark eggs. From Egg to Chick: Incubation Procedures.

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Presentation Transcript

Preparation stage
Preparation Stage

  • Chick incubation process is 21 days

  • Gather fertilized eggs 2 – 3 days in advance

  • Set up incubator to maintain temperature of 99.5°F

  • Add water for humidifying purposes

  • Mark eggs


From egg to chick incubation procedures
From Egg to Chick:Incubation Procedures

1. Obtaining and caring of eggs

  • Gather fertilized eggs from a farmer

  • Eggs should be stored at a temperature of around 50°F until incubation begins

  • Eggs should not be more than 5-7 days old


2. Preparing the incubator

  • Incubator should be out of direct sunlight in a room temperature of 70-75°F

  • Maintain incubator temperature of 99-103°F

  • For humidifying purposes, add water to bottom of incubator


3. Preparing the eggs for incubation

  • To ensure proper turning, mark all eggs on one side with an “x”, the other side with an “o”



During incubation
During incubation...

  • Turn eggs 2-3 times per day to prevent embryo from sticking to the shell membrane; until the 17th day


  • Candling the eggs:

    Allows you to see clearly the developing embryo stages and dispose of the infertile eggs and/or dead embryos






Final stages of incubation
Final Stages of Incubation

After the 17th day...

  • Eggs should not be turned

  • Incubator should not be opened unless it is necessary to add water

  • All chicks which are going to hatch should be out of their shells by the 21st day


Reasons for poor hatches
Reasons for Poor Hatches

  • Infertile eggs

  • Eggs too old when set

  • Parent stock weak, unhealthy, or fed a nutritionally deficient diet

  • Improper care of eggs prior to incubation

  • Shell contamination

  • Eggs not turned often enough

  • Temperatures too high, too low, or too variable during incubation

  • Too little humidity in the incubator or occasionally too much

  • Improper ventilation

  • Oxygen starvation






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