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Incubation Process of a Chicken. By: Erin Webb. Preparation Stage. Chick incubation process is 21 days Gather fertilized eggs 2 – 3 days in advance Set up incubator to maintain temperature of 99.5°F Add water for humidifying purposes Mark eggs. From Egg to Chick: Incubation Procedures.

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Presentation Transcript
preparation stage
Preparation Stage
  • Chick incubation process is 21 days
  • Gather fertilized eggs 2 – 3 days in advance
  • Set up incubator to maintain temperature of 99.5°F
  • Add water for humidifying purposes
  • Mark eggs
from egg to chick incubation procedures
From Egg to Chick:Incubation Procedures

1. Obtaining and caring of eggs

  • Gather fertilized eggs from a farmer
  • Eggs should be stored at a temperature of around 50°F until incubation begins
  • Eggs should not be more than 5-7 days old
slide4
2. Preparing the incubator
  • Incubator should be out of direct sunlight in a room temperature of 70-75°F
  • Maintain incubator temperature of 99-103°F
  • For humidifying purposes, add water to bottom of incubator
slide5
3. Preparing the eggs for incubation
  • To ensure proper turning, mark all eggs on one side with an “x”, the other side with an “o”
during incubation
During incubation...
  • Turn eggs 2-3 times per day to prevent embryo from sticking to the shell membrane; until the 17th day
slide8
Candling the eggs:

Allows you to see clearly the developing embryo stages and dispose of the infertile eggs and/or dead embryos

final stages of incubation
Final Stages of Incubation

After the 17th day...

  • Eggs should not be turned
  • Incubator should not be opened unless it is necessary to add water
  • All chicks which are going to hatch should be out of their shells by the 21st day
reasons for poor hatches
Reasons for Poor Hatches
  • Infertile eggs
  • Eggs too old when set
  • Parent stock weak, unhealthy, or fed a nutritionally deficient diet
  • Improper care of eggs prior to incubation
  • Shell contamination
  • Eggs not turned often enough
  • Temperatures too high, too low, or too variable during incubation
  • Too little humidity in the incubator or occasionally too much
  • Improper ventilation
  • Oxygen starvation
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