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CSME Integration Possibilities - An Oil and Gas Perspective. T. M. Boopsingh Sherbourne Conference Centre. Barbados , 29 th June 2006. Outline. International Energy Overview - Geographic, Economic and Global Realities A Brief Review of Inputs - Geographic and Regional Overview

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

CSME

Integration Possibilities

- An Oil and Gas Perspective

T. M. Boopsingh

Sherbourne Conference Centre

Barbados, 29th June 2006

outline
Outline
  • International Energy Overview

-Geographic,Economic and Global Realities

  • A Brief Review of Inputs- Geographic and Regional Overview

- The Trinidad and Tobago Downstream industry

- A Regional demand Analysis

  • The Way Forward– Regional & National Issues - The Opportunities
international perspectives the region in the world
International Perspectives- The Region in the World
  • Western Energy Security
  • World Economic Growth

China &Indiamake the new difference

  • Saudi vs Iraqi Resources
  • US vs European/Japanese Interests
  • Russian Oil and now GAS
  • Other US Needs, Interests & Inputs Imports, Transportation, Sales, Technology
slide5

The Caribbean’s Energy Needs

  • Bulk vs Supplemental
  • Urban vs Rural
  • Primary vs Secondary Energy
  • Electricity vs Transportation
  • Medium term vs Long term
world energy demand to 2025

World Energy Demand to 2025

Source: U.S. Census Bureau 2004; EIA, International Energy Outlook 2004

slide8

Projected Contributions from "New" Renewable Energy Sources in 2020

ETW "Minimum"ETW "Maximum"Mtoe% of totalMtoe % of total

Modern biomass 243 45 561 42

Solar 109 20 355 26

Other (wind,

geothermal,

small hydro, waste) 187 35 429 32

Total 539 100 1345 100

% of TotalPrimary

Energy Consumption 3-48 -12

Source: WEC’s ETW 2000.NB. In 1990 new renewables contributed 164 Mtoe (1.9% to total energy demand).

slide9

The Coming Age of Natural Gas

  • Infrastructure issues
  • Gas Hydrates
  • Fuel Cells
the sources of energy geographically
The Sources of Energy - Geographically
  • US Gulf Coast
  • Venezuela*
  • Trinidad and Tobago# - CSME member
  • Colombia
  • Mexico*
  • West Africa#
  • Other, inc.Brazil, Ecuador, Middle East, etc.

* Oil Exporter # Oil & Gas Exporter

slide12

Petroleum Products

Oil, Products & LNG

Oil & Petroleum Products

slide13

T&T - Existing Gas Based Plants

  • 1 Natural Gas Liquids Processing Facility
  • 4 LNG Trains (2300 MMscfd)
  • 9 Ammonia Plants (4,485 MTPA)
  • 1 Urea Plant (550 MTPA)
  • 5 Methanol Plants (2,960 MTPA)
  • 4 Iron and Steel Mills (2,560 MTPA)
  • 4 Power Generation Plants - Powergen (3) & Inncogen
  • 1 Offshore Platform Fabrication Yard
  • Other
    • Refinery
    • Cement Manufacture
    • Light Industrial/Commercial Consumers - 96
    • 2 Gas Fired Air Cooling Projects
    • 4000 CNG powered vehicles
pricing natural gas in t t
Pricing Natural Gas in T&T
  • Net back Pricingbased on Product sales prices

– LNG, Methanol, Ammonia,

  • Alternate Fuel Pricinge.g. Fuel Oil/Crude Oil
  • Net back Pricingbased on Product sales prices- Steel; Aluminium ?
  • Domestic Pricing -TTEC, Small Manufacturers.
proposed new plants in trinidad
Proposed New Plants in Trinidad
  • Alutrint Aluminium Smelter
  • Aluminium Wire, Rods, Wheels, Parts
  • AnsaMcal/Terra UAN Ammonia complex
  • Clico Energy et. al. UAM Ammonia complex
  • Eastern Caribbean Gas Pipeline
  • Alcoa Smelter
  • New Refinery at Pointe-a-Pierre
  • Westlake Ethylene Complex, etc,
slide21

Petroleum Product Demand in 2000 (BBls/Day)– North Caribbean Markets

Source: T.A. Byer

slide23

Conclusions of Macro-Economic

& Petroleum Demand Analysis

  • Power Sector is the prime activity for displacing liquid fuels – represented by few corporate entities which facilitates implementation
  • Transport sector fuels – gasoline, Avjet and diesel oil – substitution more difficult.

Source: T.A. Byer

slide25

Final System Layout

Technical Considerations

  • Larger markets and less risky service via Easternsegment to Barbados
  • Western segment’s small diameter (5”) facilitates minimizing impact of geo-technical hazards in servicing Grenada and St Vincent. Not Commercial.
  • Interconnect point in Martinique to re-distribute to Central& Northern systems
    • Access to Fort de France markets
  • More difficult subsea terrain characterizes Northern route to Guadeloupe and Dominica

Northern

Central

Western

Eastern

t t its role in the hemisphere
T&T – Its Role in the Hemisphere
  • US LNG Imports
  • Largest world Ammonia and Methanol exporter
  • Deep Water Prospects
slide27

U.S. LNG Imports

BCFD

20

18

16

14

12

10

Projected Range of Imports

8

6

4

2

0

2000

2005

2010

2015

2020

Cambridge Energy Research Associates

“New Realities, New Risks: North American Gas and Power Scenarios Through 2020”

slide29

T&T - Its Role in the Region

  • US LNG Imports
  • US Ammonia & Methanol Imports
  • Deep Water Prospects
  • Location re Venezuela
  • Caribbean Refining Center
  • Small and Strategically positioned
the way forward
The Way Forward
  • Long Term – 1.Solarinc. Photo Voltaic

2. Otherinc. Conservation, Energy Security, Diversification

Private Capital - The key to prioritization

  • Medium Term – Natural Gas & Bio-fuelsa) Eastern Caribbean Pipeline

b) LNG for Northern Caribbean

  • Domestic Demand Management

inc. Price Differentiation, Supply Diversification, Affordability, Trade Cooperation, Conservation

regional and national structures
Regional and National Structures
  • REAP – a critical Institutional product
  • Cooperating within the ACS
  • Using Market related pricing
  • Partnering J/V’s and/with IOC’s
  • Facilitate Refining, Shipping & Trading
  • Establish credible Regulatory Agencies
new downstream potential
New downstream potential
  • Steel and Steel products
  • Aluminium and its products
  • Gas based Petroleum Products
  • Natural Gas in Cooling
  • CNG in land transportation
  • Ethylene based Plastics
new trading potential
New Trading potential
  • Alumina and Aluminium products
  • Forest and wood products
  • New Petroleum Products
  • Fertilisers and by-products
  • Plastics
slide35

THE END

Oh to be like this!

Thank Thank you for your attention.

ur attention.

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