Application of the doi for policy development
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Application of the DOI for Policy Development. June. 2006. C. M. Cho [email protected] Contents. I. Benchmarking of Other Indices. II. Review of the DOI. III. Development of the Policy Tool. Benchmarking of Other Indices. Network Readiness Index.

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Application of the DOI for Policy Development

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Application of the doi for policy development

Application of the DOI for Policy Development

June. 2006

C. M. Cho

[email protected]


Application of the doi for policy development

Contents

I. Benchmarking of Other Indices

II. Review of the DOI

III. Development of the Policy Tool


Benchmarking of other indices

Benchmarking of Other Indices


Application of the doi for policy development

Network Readiness Index

Global Information Technology Report - WEF, INSEAD

Network Readiness Index

Readiness

- individuals

- business

- government

Usage

- individuals

- business

- government

Environment

- market

- policy & regulatory

- infrastructure

  • 9 sub-indexes, based on 48 indicators (survey and public data),

  • produce rankings for 102 countries, 2002-3


Application of the doi for policy development

Monitoring the digital divide

Monitoring the Digital Divide - ORBICOM

INFOSTATE

  • Infodensity (ICT stocks)

  • - Network

  • Main telephone lines per 1,000 persons

  • Cellular subscribers per 1,000 persons

  • - Skill

  • Adult literacy rates

  • Gross enrollment ratios

  • Info-use (flows of ICTs)

  • - ICT uptake

  • Radio per 1,000 persons

  • Proportion of households with TV

  • Proportion of households with cable or satellite connections

  • Computer per 1,000 persons

  • Internet users per 1,000 persons

  • - ICT intensity of use

  • International outgoing telephone traffic per inhabitant

  • ICT spending as % of GDP

  • 4 components, based on 21 indicators (public data),

  • produce time-series for 139-192 countries, 1996-2001


Application of the doi for policy development

Digital Access Index

The Digital Access Index - ITU

DAI

Infrastructure

Knowledge

Affordability

Quality

Usage

Infrastructure : Fixed telephone and mobile cellular subscribers

Affordability : Internet access price

Usage : Internet users

Quality : Broadband subscribers, international internet bandwidth

Knowledge : Literacy, school enrollment

  • 4 components, based on 8 indicators (public data),

  • produce rankings for 178 countries, 2002


Application of the doi for policy development

ICT Development Indices

ICT Development Indices - UNCTAD

ICT DIFFUSION

Connectivity

Policy

Access

Connectivity : Internet hosts per capita, number of PCs per capita, telephone mainlines per capita, cellular subscribers per capita

Access : Internet users per capita, Literacy, GDP per capita, Cost of a local call

Policy : Presence of internet exchange, competition in local loop telecoms, competition in domestic long distance, competition in ISP market

  • 3 components, based on 22 indicators (public data), produce rankings for 166-200 countries, 1999-2001


Application of the doi for policy development

Information Society Index

Information Society Index - IDC

Information Society Index

Computer

Social

Telecom

Internet

Computer : PCs per household, IT spending/GDP, IT service/GDP, Packaged software/Total IT

Telecom : Broadband Households, Wireless subscribers, Handset Spending /GDP

Internet : Internet users, Mobile internet users, home internet users, e-commerce spending

Social : Secondary Education Enrollment, Tertiary education enrollment, Civil liberties, Corruption index

  • 4 components, 15 indicators (survey, unpublished data), produce rankings for 52countries, 2000 to 2008


Application of the doi for policy development

Summary of Existing Indices

Summary of Indices


Application of the doi for policy development

Evaluation of existing Indices

Two many indicators

- 48 indicators ine-readiness index

Outdated indicators

- Radio and TV in Infostate

Subjective or Unpublished indicators

  • Using opinion survey date in e-readiness index - Using unpublished date in ISI

Not relevant

  • GDP per Capita(ICT Development Indices)

  • Literacy, School enrollment (DAI, ICT Development Indices)


Review of the doi

Review of the DOI


Application of the doi for policy development

Idea Structure of the DOI

Category

Sub-Category

Utilization

Usage Level

Internet usage

Telephone usage

Quality of usage

Bandwidth

Ability

Digital literacy

Opportunity

Affordability

Affordability of

tel service

Coverage

Geographic coverage

of tel service

Accessibility

Accessibility for

the

handicapped

Infrastructure

Network

Tele-density

Internet-density

Device

Computer

Hand held device


Application of the doi for policy development

Infrastructure

Network

  • Proportion of households with a fixed lines telephone

  • Mobile cellular subscribers per 100 inhabitants

  • Proportion of households with Internet access at home

  • Mobile Internet subscribers per 100 inhabitants

Device

수신 차단 방안 강구

  • Proportion of households with a computer


Application of the doi for policy development

Opportunity

Affordability

  • Mobile cellular tariff as a % of per capita income

  • Fixed telephony tariff as a % of per capita income

  • Internet access tariff as a % of per capita income

Coverage

수신 차단 방안 강구

  • % of population covered by mobile cellular telephony

  • Number of telecenter per 1,000 persons

  • % of population covered by fixed telephony

  • % of population covered by internet service

Accessibility

수신 차단 방안 강구

  • Existence of guideline or regulation for the accessibility of the people with disabilities


Application of the doi for policy development

Utilization

Usage

  • FixedInternet users per 100 inhabitants

  • Mobile Internet users per 100 inhabitants

  • Fixed telephony users per 100 inhabitants

  • Mobile telephony users per 100 inhabitants

Quality

  • Ratio of (fixed) broadband internet subscribers to total Internet subscribers

  • Ratio of (mobile) broadband internet subscribers to total mobile Internet subscribers

Ability

수신 차단 방안 강구

  • Rate of digital literate per 100 inhabitants


Application of the doi for policy development

Special Features of the DOI

Household focused

- Internet and PC are shared by members of household

Opportunity related Indicators

- Coverage, Affordability, Accessibility

Transparency

- Only objective indicator

Simple

- Possible to include as many nations as possible

New technology oriented

- Delete radio and TV, while focusing Broadband

-9-


Development of policy tool based on the doi

Development of Policy Tool based on the DOI


Application of the doi for policy development

Policy Tool based on single variable analysis

First Stage : Grouping Countries into Certain Types

  • - Make distribution chart of all six indicators (network, device, affordability, coverage, usage, quality

  • Categorizing all countries into certain types (High, Middle, Low or High, Low) For instance, scoring .5 or above is high scoring .2 to .5 is middle scoring .2 or less is low

  • Method for categorizing .2 and .5 should not be decided not by allotting equal number of cases to the groups, rather .2 or .5 should have a real meaning


Application of the doi for policy development

Policy Tool based on single variable analysis

Hypothetical Distribution Chart of Network

Number of Countries

High

Low

Middle

0.2

0.5

Network


Application of the doi for policy development

Policy Tool based on Single Variable Analysis

Second Stage : Suggestion of Policy Tips

  • Identify policy issues for particular indicators (Network, Device, Affordability, Coverage, Usage, and Quality)

  • Sort policy issues and develop policy tips by certain types(Low, Middle, High)

  • Repeat this process for all 6 indicators

  • While considering common characteristics of each group(high, middle, low) Demographic factors : Size of Pop., Pop. density, Geographic factors : Size of Territory Economic factors : GDP, Economic growth rate Social factors : Literacy rate, rate of school enrollment


Application of the doi for policy development

Summary Table of Policy Suggestion

High

Middle

Low


Application of the doi for policy development

Policy Tool based on Multivariate Analysis

Why Multivariate Analysis

- Possible to make more detail grouping by multi- dimension analysis e. g. good in network but poor in device, good affordability but poor coverage

- More accurate and customized policy suggestion

1st Stage:Analysis of Relationship between Indicators

  • - Calculate the magnitude of relationships of all 15 possible pairs between six indicators (e.g. network – device, network – affordability Network – coverage, affordability – coverage)

  • Compare and analyze the relationships


Application of the doi for policy development

Policy Tool based on Multivariate Analysis

2nd Stage

- Identify meaningful combination between indicators after careful review of the relationships of indicators

- Suggest customized policy tips for the countries of certain types by using method like Delphi Method


Application of the doi for policy development

Policy Suggestion based on Multivariate Analysis

High

Affordability

Low

Low

High

Coverage


Application of the doi for policy development

Refinement and Modification of Policy Guideline

Follow up of Policy Tool

  • Conduct case study to apply suggested policy tools

  • Continuous modification and refinement of Guideline not only policy tips but also grouping of countries


Thank you

Thank you감사합니다


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