Muslim’s Contribution to Science. Presented by M.A.Lateef Atear. Topics. Defining Science and Hikmah Science before Islam Contribution of Quran to science Contribution to modern science by Muslim scientists Down fall of Islamic era of science Action plan to revert the present situation.
I would like to caution the audience that science is constantly evolving from uncertainty to certainty, from imperfection to perfection, from trial and error to precision and accuracy. Therefore a knowledge, which is constantly evolving, and at any given time has not attained its perfection can not judge the absolute truth. In other words, Allah’s words are absolute Hikma and can not be judged by scientific measures that are imperfect and are constantly evolving in search of absolute truth. Vice versa, if science is under the guidance of Hikma, then it is certain that truth will be revealed to us.
(570 AD – 632 AD)
Soon we will show them our signs in the (furthest)
regions (of the earth), and in their own souls until
it manifests truth on them.
(Sura Fussilat 41:53)
Say : “Behold all that is In the heavens and on earth”
(Sura Yunus 10:101)
(Sura Gashiya 88:17)
Originate creation; so will God produce a later creation:
For God has Power over all Things
(Sura Ankabut 29:20)
All that is in heavens And on earth:
Behold, In that are signs
Indeed For those who reflect
(Sura Jathiya 45:13)
Do not the Unbelievers see That the heavens
And the earth Were joined together (as one Unit
(Sura Anbiyaa 21:30)
And the heaven, we have built it with power.
Verily, we are expanding it.
(Sura Al Zariyat 51:47)
“From 8th century to 12th century, Arabic was the scientific language”.- British Research 4:1
“Muslim scholars introduced precise observation, controlled experiment and careful records”.-Will Durant
Father of Chemistry
‘Who so ever treats people without knowledge of Medicine, become liable’. Al-Bukhari and Muslim
‘He who studies medicine without books sails an uncharted sea, but he who studies medicine without patients does not go the sea at all’
Dr. William Osler
“The single most famous book in the history of medicine, in east or west.
“The canon has remained a medical bible for a longer time than any other work".
Dr. William Osler
“The author of most famous book ever written”
“Better to be mistaken following Avicenna, than to be correct following others”
First Man to Fly
—Philip Khuri Hitti, in his book “History of the Arabs”
Father of Surgery
Surgical Instruments by
Greatest Mathematician that Ever Lived / Astronomer / Geographer
The First Parasitologist
Mathematics, Astronomy, Philosophy and Religion
Tusi couple from Vat. Arabic ms 319
A Treatise on Astrolabe by al-Tusi, Isfahan
One of the Greatest Physicians of all times
“Abu Bakr Mohammad Ibn Zakariya Al-Razi (Rhazes), The Greatest Physician of Islam and the Medieval Ages”
– George Sarton
Father of Optics
Eye Diagram in 11th Century
Diagram of the Eyes and Related Nerves From “Kitab Al Manazir” in 11th Century
Ibn al-Haytham, physicist, mathematician, and engineer made tremendous contributions to the scientific community; above all, his theories on color and vision, refraction, and reflection are by far his most significant.
-Damon J. Kopala
Devised first law of motion that body will move perpetually until stopped by an outside force
– Danielle Hess
He disproved the “Emission” theory of vision by Euclid and Ptolemy by using scientific method
– Encyclopedia Britannica
One of the Greatest Scientists of all times
An eight-geared lunisolar calendar illustrated in Al-Biruni\'s treatise on the astrolabe, written in AD 996. The design is much simpler than that of the Antikythera Mechanism, but is very probably descended from it.
First Man To Draw World Map
Map of the World in 1154 by Idrissi
One of the Greatest Astronomers of his times
The Greatest Scientists of Muslim Spain & the Greatest Botanist and Pharmacist of the Middle Ages