Hinduism

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Hinduism

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1. Religious Education Support - SLSS 1 Hinduism Polytheism

2. Religious Education Support - SLSS 2 Book: The Spiritual Heritage of India ‘There is only one God, but endless are his aspects and endless are his names. Call him by any name and worship him in any aspect that pleases you, you are sure to see him’

3. Religious Education Support - SLSS 3

4. Religious Education Support - SLSS 4 Hinduism A harmony of many beliefs and practices, all aiming for the common goal of salvation The nearly 4000 year old Rig Veda, Hinduism’s oldest sacred text, declares: ‘God is one but men call him by many names’

5. Religious Education Support - SLSS 5 Hinduism The great 20th century Hindu, Mahatma Gandhi, echoes the ancient wisdom of Rig Veda: ‘Even as a tree has a single trunk, but many branches and leaves, so is there one true and perfect Religion, but it becomes many as it passes through the human medium.

6. Religious Education Support - SLSS 6 Hinduism Hinduism emphasises above all else the concerns of human beings Spiritual perfection amounts to a return to the beginning…a return to Brahman

7. Religious Education Support - SLSS 7 Hinduism Liberation: people are liberated from their bodies and the soul is set free The Hindu term for ‘liberation’ is moksha which means ‘release’ Moksha is a release from the ordinary, finite, limited realm of existence into the infinite divine ocean

8. Religious Education Support - SLSS 8 Hinduism Never again to be reincarnated, the Hindu who has attained moksha is united forever with the divine, having returned to the sacred source ‘Masks’ – Hindus worship many gods and goddesses, appropriately thought of as the various masks of God

9. Religious Education Support - SLSS 9 Hinduism Monism: All is Brahman Monism literally means ‘only-one-ism’ E.g. All rivers, all lakes, even all droplets of rain share a common essence, originating from the ocean and eventually returning to it. Monists believe similarly all forms of reality – gods and goddesses, plants and animals, the material universe, and humans – share a common essence. Hindus call this essence Brahman

10. Religious Education Support - SLSS 10 Hinduism Brahman is found through the most profound contemplation Brahman is impersonal, without characteristics that cannot be seen, heard or even thought about…for Brahman is beyond human thought Just as atomic particles are invisible and yet are the basic building blocks of matter, so does Brahman reside beneath the surfaces, forming the essence of all things

11. Religious Education Support - SLSS 11 Hinduism The Upanishads (ancient philosophical texts) teach that ultimate reality can be understood through inward contemplation of the self. The ultimate reality within is named Atman…the eternal self Brahman and Atman…all reality is one

12. Religious Education Support - SLSS 12 Hinduism One famous passage in the Upanishads consists of a dialogue between a father and a son. Svetaketu asks his father: ‘Please, sir, tell me more about this self.’ ‘Be it so. Put this salt in water, and come to me tomorrow morning.’

13. Religious Education Support - SLSS 13 Hinduism

14. Religious Education Support - SLSS 14 Hinduism Svetaketu did as he was bidden. The next morning his father asked him to bring the salt which he had put in the water. But he could not, for it had dissolved. Then said Uddalaka: ‘Sip the water, and tell me how it tastes.’ ‘It is salty sir’

15. Religious Education Support - SLSS 15 Hinduism ‘In the same way,’ continued Uddalaka, ‘though you do not see Brahman in this body, he is indeed here. That which is the subtle essence – in that have all things their existence. That is the truth. That is the Self. And that Svetaketu, THAT ART THOU.’

16. Religious Education Support - SLSS 16 Hinduism 330 millions gods and goddesses…Polytheism The reason for so many gods and goddesses…because the divine reality of Brahman or Atman is beyond the reach of the senses and of thought, humans need points of contact with the divine

17. Religious Education Support - SLSS 17 Hinduism Hinduism’s many deities provide these points of contact, each with its own personal characteristics

18. Religious Education Support - SLSS 18 List of Hindu gods and goddesses Brahma – the creator

19. Religious Education Support - SLSS 19 Great gods and goddesses Vishu – the protector

20. Religious Education Support - SLSS 20 Gods and goddesses Goddess Laxmi – Vishu’s Wife

21. Religious Education Support - SLSS 21 Great gods and goddesses Shiva – god of death

22. Religious Education Support - SLSS 22 Great gods and goddesses Goddess Parvati – Shiva’s Consort

23. Religious Education Support - SLSS 23 Great gods and goddesses Goddess Saraswati – goddess of learning

24. Religious Education Support - SLSS 24 Vedic gods and goddesses (1000 BC) Indra -- the administrator in chief of Heaven

25. Religious Education Support - SLSS 25 Vedic gods and goddesses Surya – the sun god

26. Religious Education Support - SLSS 26 Vedic gods and goddesses Agni the Fire god

27. Religious Education Support - SLSS 27 Vedic gods and goddesses Vayu the Wind

28. Religious Education Support - SLSS 28 Vedic gods and goddesses Varuna, the God of Rains

29. Religious Education Support - SLSS 29 Vedic gods and goddesses Yama, the God of Death

30. Religious Education Support - SLSS 30 Vedic gods and goddesses Kubera, the God of Material Wealth

31. Religious Education Support - SLSS 31 Vedic gods and goddesses Soma the Moon

32. Religious Education Support - SLSS 32 Relatives Ganesh (son of Shiva and Parvati)

33. Religious Education Support - SLSS 33 Relatives Kartikeya - son of Shiva and Parvati

34. Religious Education Support - SLSS 34 Relatives Hanuman (son of Vayu)

35. Religious Education Support - SLSS 35 Vishu’s Incarnations Matsyavatara (Vishnu as a fish)

36. Religious Education Support - SLSS 36 Vishu’s Incarnations Kurmavatara (Vishnu as a tortoise) Varahavatar (Vishnu as a boar) Narasimhavatara (the lion-man) Vamanavatara (the dwarf) Parasurama (Rama with an axe) Rama (the prince of Ayodhya) Krishna (black tribal) Buddha (the completely enlightened one) Kalki ( the incarnation to come)

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