Assessment in Early Childhood. Welcome. Life is full of “trick” questions. 1: Do they have a 4th of July in England? Yes No 2: How many birthdays does the average man have? 1 66 72. 3: Some months have 31 days; how many have 28? 12 1 6
1: Do they have a 4th of July in England?
2: How many birthdays does the average man have?
1 66 72
12 1 6
4: How many outs are there in an inning?
2 3 6
6: If there are 3 apples and you take away 2, how many do you have?
1 2 3
60 90 120
8: A farmer has 17 sheep, and all but 9 die. How many are left?
17 8 9
1000 499 0
10: How many two cent stamps are there in a dozen? 6 9 12
“Assessment is the process of gathering information about children from several forms of evidence, then organizing and interpreting that information.”
1. Assessing to promote children’s learning and development
2.Identifying children for health and social services
3. Monitoring trends and evaluating programs and services
4. Assessing academic achievement to hold individual students, teachers, and schools accountable
"Assessment is the process of observing, recording, and otherwise documenting the work children do and how they do it, as a basis for a variety of educational decisions that affect the child. Assessment is integral to curriculum and instruction."
(National Association for the Education of Young Children & National Association of Early Childhood Specialists in State Departments of Education, 1990)
In the twentieth century Americans,
educators, welcomed the opportunity to
use precise measurements to evaluate learning.
The tests grew out of the need to sort, select or otherwise make decisions about both children and adults.
The work of American psychologists made
testing a science.
After World War II: the demand for dependable and
technically refined tests grew and,
The need for measurement strategies and
tests to evaluate federal programs led to
the improvement of existing tests and the
development of new tests to accurately
evaluate program success and individual
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) guarantees all children with disabilities
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)
IDEA required that:
PL 99–457. Federal Preschool Program and the Early Intervention Program
What does each bullet mean? Can you give an example?
All states are required to administer tests
developed by the state and to set and
monitor adequate yearly progress.
states can create a state standard of evaluation for special education teachers
Multidimensional approach that uses may sources of information.
Includes work samples, observation results and teaching report forms.
Rather than being narrowly defined as testing,
assessment should link curriculum and
instruction with program objectives for young
Authentic and performance assessments are
used that benefit the child, parents, and
caregivers and teachers.
Allows the teacher to observe progress;
Why were standardized tests developed for Head Start? How were they used?
Why were standardized tests developed as a result of legislation for young children with disabilities? How were they used?
What are some of the weaknesses in assessments of young children with disabilities? How can these difficulties be overcome?
How is authentic assessment different from assessment using standardized tests?Questions
"Assessment is the process of gathering information about children in order to make decisions about their education. Teachers obtain useful information about children\'s knowledge, skills, and progress by observing, documenting, and reviewing children\'s work over time. Ongoing assessment that occurs in the context of classroom activities can provide an accurate, fair, and representative picture of children\'s abilities and progress." (Dodge, Jablon, & Bickart, 1994, p. 181)
In your opinion, what is the MOST IMPORTANT WORD? And justify why.