Future mobility in europe
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Future Mobility in Europe. Challenges EU transport policy Alternative fuels. Franz Söldner European Commission Directorate General for Mobility and Transport. Growing challenges. Growing congestion and poorer accessibility. An infrastructure gap in the enlarged EU

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Future mobility in europe

Future Mobility in Europe

  • Challenges

  • EU transport policy

  • Alternative fuels

Franz Söldner

European Commission

Directorate General for Mobility and Transport


Growing challenges

Growing challenges

Growing congestion and poorer accessibility. An infrastructure gap in the enlarged EU

Increasing oil price and persistent oil dependency. Deterioration of climate and local environment

Increasing competitive pressure in the global economy


Rising oil price and oil dependency

Rising Oil Price and Oil Dependency

Transport depends on oil for about 96% of its energy needs.

The transport sector accounts for almost 90% of the projected increase in global oil use.

Source: IEA World Energy Outlook 2010

  • 750 million cars today, 2.2 billion in 2050

  • The depletion of reserves and growing global demand would lead to ever higher oil prices.

Source: Prometheus, NTUA (E3MLab)


Oil consumption

Oil Consumption

EU-27


Greenhouse gas emissions

Greenhouse Gas Emissions

EU-27

Transport


Air pollution in europe no 2

Air Pollution in Europe (NO2)


Policy drivers on sustainable mobility

Policy Drivers on Sustainable Mobility

  • High demand on finite energy sources

    (Range of conventional oil: ~ 45 years)

  • Increasing energy import dependence

    (Import dependence for oil: 84% at present)

  • Increasing greenhouse gas emissions

    (Increase of transport CO2 emissions: 25% since 1990)

  • Persistent air quality problems

    (Cities: particulates, NOx - Ships and boats: sulphur)


Policy objectives on sustainable mobility

Policy Objectives on Sustainable Mobility

  • Improve energy efficiency

     contribute to reduction of energy demand

  • Substitute oil by alternative fuels

     contribute to security of energy supply

  • Reduce CO2 emissions

     contribute to climate protection

  • Reduce pollutant emissions

     contribute to reduction of health impact


Eu transport white paper 2011

EU Transport White Paper 2011

Vision for the transport system by 2050 

1 target: -60% greenhouse gas emissions

10 indicative goals to guide policy action

40 actions in 4 areas:

Internal Market

Innovation

Infrastructure

International


A co 2 target for transport

A CO2 Target for Transport

Transport accounts for 25% of EU greenhouse gas emissions:

60% passenger transport

23% urban

21% inter-continental

Source: PRIMES-TREMOVE and TREMOVE

  • Goal: limit climate change to 2°

  • EU objective: reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 80 to 95% by 2050 compared to 1990 levels

Source: PRIMES, NTUA (E3MLab)


Measures in support of clean vehicles

Measures in Support of Clean Vehicles

Supply side measures

Regulation of pollutant emissions

Reduction of pollutant emissions through EURO standards

Regulation of CO2 emissions

Cars:130g/km by 2015; 95g/km by 2020

Light Duty Vehicles:175 g/km by 2017

Renewable Energy Directive

10% share of motor fuels from renewable energy sources by 2020

Fuel Quality Directive

Reduction of CO2 intensity of fuels by 6 % by 2020

Demand side measures

Greening Transport

Internalisation of external costs into vehicle operation (Eurovignette)

Directive on the promotion of clean and energy efficient vehicles

Inclusion of energy consumption, CO2, and pollutant emissions in the purchase decision

Slide 11


Clean vehicle directive monetisation of lifetime costs

Clean Vehicle Directive Monetisation of Lifetime Costs

Pollutants

Pollutants

CO2

CO2

Fuel

Fuel

Vehicle Price

Vehicle Price

Slide 12


Eu activities on alternative fuels

EU-Activities on Alternative Fuels

Communication on alternative fuels (11/2001)

Biofuels, natural gas, hydrogen

Directive on the market share of biofuels (5/2003)

Market share 2% in 2005, rising to 5.75% in 2010

Directive on the taxation of energy products (10/2003)

Lower taxation of alternative fuels enabled

Renewable Energy Directive (April 2009)

Binding target: 10% renewable transport fuels by 2020

Technology Platforms, Joint Technology Initiatives

Hydrogen/fuel cells (TP: 2004; JTI: 2008), Transport (2004), Biofuels (2005)

Green Cars Initiative of European Economic Recovery Plan (2008)

Focus on electromobility (EU demonstration project Green eMotion: 2011)

Communication on clean and energy efficient vehicle strategy (4/2010)

Focus on improvement of internal combustion engine and electric vehicles

Slide 13


Future mobility in europe

EU-Support

to Hydrogen and Fuel Cells

(M€)


Alternative fuels strategy

Alternative Fuels Strategy

Comprehensive long-term fuel strategy

All transport modes, all segments to be covered

White Paper on Transport - Initiative 24 - Technology roadmap:

Sustainable alternative fuels strategy

including also the appropriate infrastructure

White Paper on Transport - Initiative 26 - Regulatory framework:

Appropriate standards for CO2 emissions of vehicles in all modes

Requirements on energy efficiency for all types of propulsion systems

Rules on interoperability of charging infrastructure for clean vehicles

Guidelines and standards for refuelling infrastructures


Steps to an eu alternative fuels strategy

Steps to an EU Alternative Fuels Strategy

  • European Expert Group on Future Transport Fuels

    Stakeholder experts

    Future Transport Fuels Report: 25 January 2011

    Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Report: December 2011

  • Joint Expert Group Transport & Environment

    National experts

    European Alternative Fuel Strategy Report: May 2011

  • Conference on Future Transport Fuels

    13 April 2011 (European Sustainable Energy Week)

  • Studies

    Clean Transport Systems study: final report November 2011

    Implementation study: launch 10/2011

  • Public Consultation

    11 August – 20 October 2011


Future transport fuels expert group reports

Future Transport Fuels

Report of the

European Expert Group

on Future Transport Fuels

Future Transport Fuels Expert Group- Reports -

http://ec.europa.eu/transport/urban/vehicles/road/clean_transport_systems_en.htm


Energy pathways

Energy Pathways


Land efficiency of biofuels

Land Efficiency of Biofuels


Land efficiency of biofuels1

Land Efficiency of Biofuels

1 ha:


Fuel choice

Fuel Choice


Alternative transport fuel options

Alternative Transport Fuel Options

Main fuel options:

Electricity / hydrogen electromobility

Biofuels (liquid)

Bridge from fossil to biomass based fuels:

Synthetic fuels (from coal, methane, biomass)

Complementary:

Methane (natural gas and biomethane)

Supplement:

LPG (now: from oil, natural gas; future: from biomass)


Cost of fuels

Cost of Fuels

Alternative fuels

Infrastructure costs

for full EU coverage

Electricity

20 million charging posts

40 b€

Hydrogen

100.000 filling stations

50 b€

Methane

100.000 filling stations

40 b€

Oil price

$/bl

Speculative bubble 2007/8: Cost for EU transport: 90 b€

North-Africa unrest 2010/11: Cost for EU transport: 40 b€


Summary

Summary

EU Transport Policy: White Paper 2011

  • Vision of a sustainable European transport system 2050

  • Sectoral target of 60% CO2 reduction by 2050

  • Ten goals for competitive and resource efficient transport

  • 40 initiatives with concrete actions in 4 areas

    Alternative Fuels Strategy

  • Comprehensive strategy for oil substitution in all transport

  • Package of fuels to cover all transport modes and segments

    • Electromobility (battery electric; grid; hydrogen)

    • Biofuels

    • Methane

    • LPG


Future mobility in europe

Contact

Clean Transport and Sustainable Urban Mobility:

http://ec.europa.eu/transport/urban/index_en.htm

e-mail:

[email protected]


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