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The Female Pharaohs. The Most Powerful Women in History. Total of four Female Pharaohs in Egyptian history Hatshepsut (18 th Dynasty) , Nefertiti (18 th Dynasty), Cleopatra (Ptolemaic Dynasty) – Three Most Important During their reign – major accomplishments in Egyptian history.

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The Most Powerful Women in History

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The most powerful women in history l.jpg

The Female Pharaohs

The Most Powerful Women in History


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Total of four Female Pharaohs in Egyptian history

Hatshepsut (18th Dynasty) , Nefertiti (18th Dynasty), Cleopatra (Ptolemaic Dynasty) – Three Most Important

During their reign – major accomplishments in Egyptian history

Their History


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  • Daughter of Thutmose I and Ahmese

  • Married half-brother King Thutmose II

  • Thutmose II died in 1490 BCE Hateshepst’s stepson

  • (Thutmose III) became Pharaoh

  • Hatshepsut served as regent

  • With support of Amon’s priests, Hatshepsut was crowned Pharaoh

Hatshepsut

The Women Who Would Be King

  • Encouraged trade and expeditions to other lands (e.g. Punt)

  • Sponsored many monumental building projects in Egypt

  • Built herself a great memorial temple, Deir el-Bahri


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Nefertiti

Forgotten Into History

  • Wife of Pharaoh Akhenaten (ruled 1367 to 1350 BCE)

  • First Pharaoh to preach monotheism

  • Nefertiti supported her husbands beliefs

  • Nefertiti/Akhenaten’s reign known as Amarna Revolution

  • Changes in art, religion, social practices

  • Rumoured that after Akhenatan’s death Nefertiti ruled under the name of the name of the next Pharaoh of the 18th Dynasty – Name of ‘Nefertiti’ erased from history


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Cleopatra

  • 69 BCE Born in Alexandria

  • Had two younger brothers, one younger sister, two older sisters

  • Father was Ptolemy XII

Enchantress of the Nile

  • Cleopatra VII was the last ruler of the Ptolemaic Dynasty

  • After death Egypt became Roman Province

  • 50 BCE Cleopatra meet Caesar – She was 19, he 52 – had an affair

  • 44 BCE Caesar was assassinated

  • 41 BCE Cleopatra meet Antony

  • 37 BCE she married Marc Antony (Roman General) – Both died in 30 BCE (committed Suicide)


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Images


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  • Cleopatra was said to be Macedonian (descended from)

  • Cleopatra wasn’t really as beautiful as people say

  • Hatshepsut was the longest ruling Female Pharaoh

Other Interesting Info

  • Alexander the Great founded the capital of Alexandria in Egypt

  • Cleopatra was first Ptolemaic ruler to learn Egyptian

  • After his death Egypt was ‘given’

  • to the Ptolemies (Cleopatra’s bloodline)


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Ra's Blessings

End


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