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The Civil War. Causes, Battles, & Key Figures. CAUSES. T here were many causes that led to the Civil War, however, the following are the most notable: 1.) Economic & Social Differences 2.) States vs. Federal Rights 3.) Slave vs. Non-Slave proponents 4.) Growth of the Abolitionist Movement

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the civil war

The Civil War

Causes, Battles, & Key Figures

  • There were many causes that led to the Civil War, however, the following are the most notable:
    • 1.) Economic & Social Differences
    • 2.) States vs. Federal Rights
    • 3.) Slave vs. Non-Slave proponents
    • 4.) Growth of the Abolitionist Movement
    • 5.) Election of Abraham Lincoln
economic social differences
Economic & Social Differences
  • NORTH:
    • Poor soil – therefore, could not produce agriculture as efficiently as the south
    • Rise of Industrialization
      • Factory system
    • Dependent on WAGE LABOR to man factories
    • Detested Slavery
      • Their economy wasn’t dependent on it
economic social differences cont d
Economic & Social Differences (cont’d)
  • SOUTH:
    • Rich, fertile farming soil
    • Producing cotton was their staple crop
    • Cotton production relied heavily on SLAVE LABOR
    • Therefore, their economic sustainability was dependent upon slaves
    • Supported slavery because they could not survive without them
states vs federal rights
States vs. Federal Rights
  • South strongly supported STATES rights
    • They wanted autonomy over how their states and governments were run
    • This would ensure more power for the state – therefore, more freedom to conduct themselves how they saw fit
    • South fought for States Rights to protect their slave practices
    • John C. Calhoun was the Governor of S.C. at the time that South Carolina decided to secede from the Union in protest of Unionization
  • North strongly supported FEDERAL rights
    • Believed in a Unionized country
    • Believed that the United States should be controlled under one unifying force: The Federal Government
slave vs non slave proponents
Slave vs. Non-Slave Proponents
  • NORTH:
    • Supported the destruction of the institution of slavery
  • SOUTH:
    • Vehemently detested the North for their abolitionist ideas
    • Created to deal with the balance of free & non-free states
    • Fugitive Slave Laws: part of the M.O. Compromise to ensure fairness among slave & non-slave states
growth of abolitionist movement
Growth of Abolitionist Movement
  • Uncle Tom’s Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe
  • Dred Scott Case
  • Fugitive Slave Act
  • John Brown’s Raid
  • Nat Turner’s Revolt
fort sumter
Fort Sumter
  • 6 days after South Carolina seceded from the Union, the first shots of the Civil War rang out!
  • Confederate Victory
battle o f gettysburg
Battle of Gettysburg
  • Fought July 1-3, 1863
  • Decisive Union victory
    • Union defeated Confederate Gen. Lee from further invading the North
  • Battle with largest number of Casualties
  • Site for Lincoln’s famous “Gettysburg Address”
battle of antietam
Battle of Antietam
  • First major battle to take place on Union soil
  • Took place in Sharpsburg, Maryland
  • Bloodiest SINGLE DAY battle in American History
key figures

Confederate President

Jefferson Davis

Union President

Abraham Lincoln

key figures cont d
Key Figures (cont’d)

Confederate General

Robert E. Lee

Union General

Ulysses S. Grant

other notorious leaders
Other Notorious Leaders
  • Abraham Lincoln
  • Winfield Scott
  • George B. McClellan
  • Henry Wager Halleck
  • Ulysses S. Grant
  • Gideon Welles
  • Jefferson Davis
  • P.G.T. Beauregard
  • Joseph E. Johnston
  • Robert E. Lee
  • Stephen Mallory
casualties losses
Casualties & Losses
  • 140,414 killed in action
  • ~ 365,000 total dead
  • 275,200 wounded
  • 72,524 killed in action
  • ~ 260,000 total dead
  • 137,000+ wounded
confederate surrender
Confederate Surrender
  • The Confederate Army surrendered at the Appomattox Court House on April 9, 1865, marking the END of the Civil War
  • Documents for the end of the war were signed in the parlor of the courthouse a few days later
union confederate capitols
Union & Confederate Capitols

Confederate Capitol was in Richmond, V.A

Union Capitol was in Washington, D.C.

lincoln s assassination
Lincoln’s Assassination
  • To celebrate the end of the Civil War, President Lincoln headed to the theater to enjoy a relaxing night out
  • Ford’s Theater is where he met his unfortunate and timely death
  • John Wilkes Booth, a southern, pro-slavery, confederate is responsible for assassinating President Lincoln
the end


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