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Jeopardy Pathology. Skin Pathology1. Skin Pathology 2. Skin Pathology 3. Urinary Pathology. Respiratory Pathology. Endocrine Pathology. 100. 100. 100. 100. 100. 100. 200. 200. 200. 200. 200. 200. 300. 300. 300. 300. 300. 300. 400. 400. 400. 400. 400. 400. 500. 500.

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Jeopardy Pathology

SkinPathology1

SkinPathology2

SkinPathology3

UrinaryPathology

RespiratoryPathology

EndocrinePathology

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most common during adolescence, affecting more than 85% of teenagers, and frequently continues into adulthood. For most people it diminishes over time and tends to disappear—or at the very least decrease—after one reaches his or her early twenties.

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Acne

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a skin disease caused by the infection of hair follicles, thus resulting in the localized accumulation of pus and dead tissue.

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Boil or furuncle

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form of dermatitis, or inflammation of the upper layers of the skin.

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Eczema

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a disorder which affects the skin and joints. It commonly causes red scaly patches to appear on the skin. The scaly patches caused by psoriasis, called psoriatic plaques, are areas of inflammation and excessive skin production.

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Psoriasis

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a viral disease characterized by a painful skin rash with blisters in a limited area on one side of the body, often in a stripe. The initial infection with varicella zoster virus (VZV) causes the acute (short-lived) illness chickenpox, and generally occurs in children and young people.

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Herpes zoster(commonly known as shingles )

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an infection of the deep subcutaneous tissue of the skin. __________ can be caused by normal skin flora or by exogenous bacteria, and often occurs where the skin has previously been broken: cracks in the skin, cuts, blisters, burns, insect bites, surgical wounds, or sites of intravenous catheter insertion.

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Cellulitis

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a skin condition, commonly caused by an allergic reaction, that is characterized by raised red skin wheals (welts).

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Urticaria(or hives)

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a superficial bacterial skin infection most common among children 2 to 6 years old. People who play close contact sports such as rugby, American football and wrestling are also susceptible, regardless of age.

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Impetigo

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most common tick-borne disease in the Northern Hemisphere. Borrelia is transmitted to humans by the bite of infected hard ticks belonging to several species of the genus Ixodes. Early manifestations of infection may include fever, headache, fatigue, depression, and a characteristic skin rash called erythema migrans.

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Lyme disease

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a type of scar which results in an overgrowth of tissue at the site of a healed skin injury. ____________ are firm, rubbery lesions or shiny, fibrous nodules, and can vary from pink to flesh-colored or red to dark brown in color.

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Keloids

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small benign tumor that forms primarily in areas where the skin forms creases, such as the neck, armpits and groin. They may also occur on the face, usually on the eyelids. Though larger have been seen, they usually range in size from grain of rice to that of a golf ball.

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Skin tag

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an infection of the skin, characterized by a reddish to brownish raised or bumpy patch of skin that may be lighter in the center, giving the appearance of a “ring.”

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Ringworm

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a chronic disease characterized by excessive deposits of collagen in the skin or other organs. The localized type of the disease, while disabling, tends not to be fatal.

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Scleroderma

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generally a small, rough tumor, typically on hands and feet, that can resemble a cauliflower or a solid blister. They are common, and are caused by a viral infection,

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Warts

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a common but often misunderstood condition that is estimated to affect over 45 million people worldwide. It affects white-skinned people of mostly north-western European descent, and has been nicknamed the 'curse of the Celts' by some in Britain and Ireland. It begins as erythema (flushing and redness) on the central face and across the cheeks, nose, or forehead but can also less commonly affect the neck and chest.

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Rosacea

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a parasitic fungal infection of the epidermis of the human foot.

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Athlete's foot(Tinea Pedis)

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are lesions caused by many factors such as: unrelieved pressure; friction; humidity; shearing forces; temperature; age; continence and medication; to any part of the body, especially portions over bony or cartilaginous areas such as sacrum, elbows, knees, ankles etc.

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Bedsores( pressure ulcers or decubitus ulcers)

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a burn to living tissue such as skin produced by overexposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation, commonly from the sun's rays. Exposure of the skin to lesser amounts of UV will often produce a suntan.

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Sun Burn

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infection of a part of or throughout the urinary tract, usually caused by bacteria.

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Urinary tract infection (UTI)

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result from the buildup of crystallized salts and minerals such as calcium in the urinary tract.

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Kidney stones(nephrolithiasis)

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any inflammation of the kidney. It can be caused by infection, an autoimmune disease (such as lupus), or it may be idiopathic (which means the exact cause may not be known or understood). ___________ is generally detected by high levels of protein and blood in the urine.

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Nephritis

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condition in which urine abnormally flows backward (or refluxes) from the bladder into the ureters. It may even reach the kidneys, where infection and scarring can occur over time.

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Vesicoureteral reflux(VUR)

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an inflammation of the glomeruli, the parts of the filtering units (nephrons) of the kidney that contain a network of capillaries (tiny blood vessels).

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Glomerulonephritis

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where the two kidneys are fused (connected) into one arched kidney that usually functions normally, but is more prone to develop problems later in life. This condition is found in 1 out of every 500 births.

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Horseshoe Kidney

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a symptom of an illness, not an illness itself. There are many different types of _________ and many different causes, ranging from not-so-serious to life threatening. Some of the more common causes affecting kids and teens are the common cold, asthma, sinusitis, seasonal allergies, and pneumonia.

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Cough

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an inherited disease affecting the lungs. ____________ causes mucus in the body to be abnormally thick and sticky. The mucus can clog the airways in the lungs and make a person more likely to get bacterial infections.

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Cystic fibrosis(CF)

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an inflammation of the lungs, which usually occurs because of infection with a bacteria or virus. ___________ causes fever, inflammation of lung tissue, and makes breathing difficult because the lungs have to work harder to transfer oxygen into the bloodstream and remove carbon dioxide from the blood.

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Pneumonia

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are caused by over 200 different viruses that cause inflammation in the upper respiratory tract. The __________ is the most common respiratory infection. Symptoms may include a mild fever, cough, headache, runny nose, sneezing, and sore throat.

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Common Cold

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Over 20 million people have _________ in the United States, and it's the number-one reason that kids and teens chronically miss school. _________ is a long-term, inflammatory lung disease that causes airways to tighten and narrow when a person with the condition comes into contact with irritants such as cigarette smoke, dust, or pet dander.

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Asthma

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the membranes lining the larger bronchial tubes become inflamed and an excessive amount of mucus is produced. The person with ___________ develops a bad cough to get rid of the mucus.

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Bronchitis

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a condition in which the levels of thyroid hormones in the blood are very high. In kids and teens, the condition is usually caused by Graves' disease, an immune system problem that causes the thyroid gland to become very active.

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Hyperthyroidism

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If the pituitary glands release hormones that stimulate the gonads to produce sex hormones too early, some kids may begin to go through puberty at a very young age.

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Precocious puberty

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Diabetes that occurs during pregnancy.

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Gestational Diabetes

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a condition in which the levels of thyroid hormones in the blood are very low. Thyroid hormone deficiency slows body processes and may lead to fatigue, a slow heart rate, dry skin, weight gain, constipation. Kids and teens with this condition may also grow more slowly and reach puberty at a later age.

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Hypothyroidism

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When the pancreas fails to produce enough insulin, _________ occurs. In kids and teens, __________ is usually an autoimmune disorder, which means that some parts of the body's immune system attack and destroy the cells of the pancreas that produce insulin. To control their blood sugar levels and reduce the risk of developing diabetes problems, kids and teens with this condition need regular injections of insulin.

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Type 1 Diabetes

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This condition occurs when the adrenal glands don't produce enough corticosteroids. The symptoms of adrenal insufficiency may include weakness, fatigue, abdominal pain, nausea, dehydration, and skin changes.

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Adrenal insufficiency

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