Egypt
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Egypt. Questions and Answers. Review…Recall…Reflect. (page 63). 1. List & describe three ways that the environment shaped Egyptian culture and society. The Nile, Western and Eastern Deserts, and the Mediterranean Sea were environmental factors which shaped Egypt.

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Egypt

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Egypt

Egypt

Questions and Answers


Review recall reflect

Review…Recall…Reflect

(page 63)


1 list describe three ways that the environment shaped egyptian culture and society

1. List & describe three ways that the environment shaped Egyptian culture and society.

The Nile, Western and Eastern Deserts, and the Mediterranean Sea were environmental factors which shaped Egypt.


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The Nile provided transportation, irrigation, and communication networks.


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The desert protected Egypt from invasion and allowed it to remain isolated.


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The Mediterranean Sea provided the transportation route to Egypt’s trading partners.


2 explain the meaning and significance of the double crown of egypt

2. Explain the meaning and significance of the double crown of Egypt.

The double crown of Egypt signifies the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt in 3100 BCE, under the reign of King Menes.


Why do you think egypt became a united kingdom earlier than mesopotamia

Why do you think Egypt became a united kingdom earlier than Mesopotamia?

Egypt, because of its isolation and commonalities, was likely able to unify sooner than Mesopotamia.


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3. Briefly explain how the political, economic, and legal structures of ancient Egypt were shaped by religious beliefs.

The political hierarchy of Egypt revolved around the king, or Pharaoh, who was believed to be the earthly embodiment of the god Horus.

This allowed the king to rule with a sense of divine right.

Egyptian law revolved around the concept of divine inspiration.

In the Egyptian economy, the Pharaoh owned all the land of Egypt, the people, and their possessions.


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  • The goddess Ma’at personified the essential foundations of Egyptian law.


The mummification ritual

The Mummification Ritual

(page 71)


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1. Explain how mummification suited the Egyptian notions of the afterlife. Would mummification suit your beliefs? Why or why not?

The Egyptians believed in an afterlife.

The essence of the body, Ka, would return to the preserved body, and it was therefore essential that the body remain as life-like as possible.

The process of mummification represents a time-honoured need to preserve the body, which ensured the continuation of the spirit or soul in the afterworld.


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The concept of mummification has always interested people. It has an aspect of the macabre, and the process holds a fascination for all.

2. The mummy has provided much inspiration for books, movies, stories and exhibits. Pick one medium and imagine you have to pitch the concept to a publisher, producer, or gallery. Explain why you think this would interest the public.


Review recall reflect1

Review…Recall…Reflect

(page 74)


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1. With the concept of a god-king, the importance of having a strong Pharaph was crucial to Egypt’s stability. Respond to this statement using the Pharaohs of the New Kingdom to support your answer.

Hatshepsut, Tuthmosis III, Akhenaton, Tutankhamen, Ramses II were all pharaohs of the New Kingdom considered strong.


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Factors that led to their success: army, expanding trade routes, building of monuments, and internal peace.


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2. Outline the funeral process for a wealthy ancient Egyptian from the time of death, through the mummification process, to the final laying to rest in the tomb.

  • A period of mourning takes place

  • The body is then transferred from home of the deceased to the embalmers and mummified, which takes app. 70 days.

  • The body is then returned to the family, and the procession to the tomb begins.

  • At the tomb, the priest touches the body’s eyes, and the grave goods are lowered into the tomb.

  • The body is then lowered into the tomb, and the roof is sealed.


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3. How did the concept of Ma’at help to shape the way Pharaohs governed and the way in which people lived their lives.

Ma’at was the central premise of Egyptian stability.

It was the concept of order, truth, and justice, and it formed the overriding principle of harmony.

Egyptians believed that living in accordance of Ma’at would achieve harmony with the gods and assure a place in the afterworld.

The Pharaoh was believed to be an essential entity in the Ma’at. If his world remained harmonious, then so too would the peoples’ of Egypt.

Thus all laws and decisions were aimed at appeasing the harmony of Ma’at, and maintaining order, truth, and justice.


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