Irregular Verbs
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Irregular Verbs sum esse be absum abesse be absent adsum adesse be present Present Imperfect sum I am eram I was, used to be es you are eras you were, used to be est he, she, it is erat he, she, it was, used to be sumus we are eramus we were, used to be

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Irregular Verbs

sum esse be

absum abesse be absent

adsum adesse be present

Present Imperfect

sum I am eram I was, used to be

es you are eras you were, used to be

est he, she, it is erat he, she, it was, used to be

sumus we are eramus we were, used to be

estis you are eratis you were, used to be

sunt they are erant they were, used to be


Future Tense of “be” (Page 59)

sum esse be

1. ero I shall be

2. eris you will be

3. erit he will be

1. erimus we shall be

2. eritis you will be

3. erunt they will be


Irregular Verbs

sum esse be

absum abesse be absent

adsum adesse be present

Present Imperfect Future

sum I am eram I was, used to be ero I shall be

es you are eras you were, used to be eris you will be

est he is erat he, she, it was, used to be erit he will be

sumus we are eramus we were, used to be erimus we shall be

estis you are eratis you were, used to be eritis you will be

sunt they are erant they were, used to be erunt they will be


Regular Verbs

1st and 2nd Conjugation Verbs

1st - voco vocare - call

2nd - moneo monere - warn

Present (Pres. St. + P.E) Imperfect (Pres. St. + ba + P.E.)

a. am, is , are a. was, were

b. do, does b. used to

c. simple present c. did

voco moneo vocabam monebam

vocas mones vocabas monebas

vocat monet vocabat monebat

vocamus monemus vocabamus monebamus

vocatis monetis vocabatis monebatis

vocant monent vocabant monebant


Future Tense (Page 59)

Regular 1st and 2nd conjugation verbs.

Rule Translation

Present Stem + bi + P.E. shall/will

Present stem of voco vocare - call = voca

Present stem of moneo monere - warn = mone

Personal Endings

1. o/m 1. mus

2. s 2. tis

3. t 3. nt


Future Tense voco vocare - call

voca + bi + o = vocabo I shall call

voca + bi + s = vocabis you will call

voca + bi + t = vocabit he will call

voca + bi + mus = vocabimus we shall call

voca + bi + tis = vocabitis you will call

voca + bi + nt = vocabunt they will call

Future Tensemoneo monere - warn

mone + bi + o = monebo I shall warn

mone + bi + s = monebis you will warn

mone + bi + t = monebit he will warn

mone + bi + mus = monebimus we shall warn

mone + bi + tis = monebitis you will warn

mone + bi + nt = monebunt they will warn


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