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How to Work the presentation. Clicking the left mouse button will advance to the next statement or slide. At the bottom of the display are control buttons for the ‘full screen’ etc. The clinics should be taken in the following order: Level 1 Stroke and Turn Chief Timekeeper Clerk of Course

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How to work the presentation

How to Work the presentation

Clicking the left mouse button will advance to the next statement or slide.

At the bottom of the display are control buttons for the ‘full screen’ etc.


How to work the presentation

The clinics should be taken in the following order:

  • Level 1

  • Stroke and Turn

  • Chief Timekeeper

  • Clerk of Course

  • Chief Finish Judge

  • Recorder Scorer

  • Starter

  • Meet Manager

May be taken in any order


How to work the presentation

The clinics should be taken in the following order:

  • Level 1

  • Stroke and Turn

  • Chief Timekeeper

  • Clerk of Course

  • Chief Finish Judge

  • Recorder Scorer

  • Starter

  • Meet Manager


The starter

THESTARTER


Starter clinic

STARTER CLINIC

INTRODUCTION


Clinic objectives

CLINIC OBJECTIVES

Role of the Starter

Before the Meet Starts

The Start

Good Habits

After the Meet

Situations & Discussion

Questionnaire

Review (answers)

TODAY


Practice

PRACTICE

  • Many people are initially nervous about starting.

    • It is recommended that the new starter begin at a club time trial and other low pressure meets.

    • Starters are encouraged to try higher level meets as their confidence and enjoyment of the experience increases.

      Practice, Practice, Practice.


Sw 2 3 4

SW 2.3.4

When starting an event, the starter shall stand on the side of the pool within approximately five meters of the starting edge of the pool where the timekeepers can see and/or hear the starting signal and the swimmers can hear the signal.


Starter s role

STARTER’S ROLE

  • The starter position is critical in the running of a successful meet.

  • The central point of the starter’s role is to ensure a fair start for all swimmers. (SW 2.3.3).

  • The Starter and the Referee must work as a team to ensure fair and consistent starts throughout the session.


To exercise your function as a starter you

To exercise your function as a Starter You :

  • must have a good working knowledge of the rules.

  • must be consistent and exercise good judgment.

  • must earn the confidence of the referee and the swimmers.

  • must respect the swimmers and enjoy the sport.


Sw 2 3 3

SW 2.3.3

The starter shall have power to decide whether the start is fair, subject only to the decision of the Referee.


Before the meet starts

Before the Meet Starts

  • Re-read the rules (SW 2.3: Starter and SW 4: The Start) and check for any new or meet-specific changes.

  • Find out the type of starting equipment to be used.


On the day of the meet

On the day of the meet:

Arrive early – at least one hour before the start.

  • Check the starting equipment and become familiar with the pool layout.

  • Have the electronics been set up and operational?

  • TEST all equipment.

  • Are all loudspeakers, horns, and strobe lights working?

  • Set and test the volume levels.

  • Confirm with Meet Manager effective back-up starting mechanism. (gun/ammunition/portable electronic).


Before the meet

Before the Meet

  • Are any races starting at the turn end of the pool?

    • If so, the starting equipment should be moved by the electronics people and tested.

  • Or is there equipment set up at both ends?

  • Check the Starter’s Platform.

    • Is it in the correct position / location (5 meters)?

    • Adjust to suit your location.


Briefing with the referee

Briefing with the Referee

  • The meet shall run under FINA and IPC start rules.

  • Check meet package, for type of meet:

    • Age Group, Masters, Swimmers with a Disability (PARA).

  • Be aware of duties the Referee may ask you to perform besides Starter (i.e. meet timeline, sweeps, lap counting, turn judge).


Briefing with the referee con t

Briefing with the Referee – con’t

  • Procedure to handle problems or movement of equipment.

  • Meet Flow: Discuss any time constraints and solutions.

  • Discuss the starting protocol. (SW 2.1.5).


Sw 2 1 5

SW 2.1.5

At the commencement of each event;

  • the referee shall signal to the swimmers by a series of short whistles to prepare for the race,

  • followed by a long whistle indicating they shall take their position on the starting platform (or the backstroke swimming and medley relays to immediately enter the water).

  • A second long whistle shall bring the backstroke and medley relay swimmer immediately to the starting position.


Sw 2 1 5 con t

SW 2.1.5 – con’t

  • When the swimmers and officials are prepared for the start,

  • the referee shall gesture to the starter with stretched out arm, indicating the swimmers are under the starter’s control.

  • The stretched out arm shall stay in that position until the start is given.


Briefing with the referee con t1

Briefing with the Referee – con’t

  • Establish the Procedure for Normal Starts.

  • Does the Referee want you to “advise swimmers” to adjust their position in the water?

    • asking swimmers to stay in, or to leave the pool, when the races finish, etc.

  • Will the Starter be announcing the event number and heats?


  • Briefing with the referee con t2

    Briefing with the Referee – con’t

    • Are there different Starters (and Referees) for male & female, age groups, strokes?

    • Or only one Starter?

    • How have the starts been in earlier sessions ?

    • Type of DQs or other problems?


    Briefing with the referee con t3

    Briefing with the Referee – con’t

    Establish Procedure for False Starts.

    • Referee and Starter to confer and agree on any false starts before disqualifications are made.

    • Ensure rules are understood to ensure consistency,

    • If the Referee and Starter cannot agree, the Referee will make a final decision (SW 2.3.3).


    Procedure for false starts con t

    Procedure for False Starts – con’t

    • Procedure for “Stepping Down”.

      • Starter relinquishes control back to referee?

    • Note: DQ for “Delay of Meet” can be recommended by the starter but can only be declared by the Referee.


    Before the start

    Before the Start

    Watch Check.

    • Find the Chief Timer.

    • Confirm when, where & if a watch check will occur?

    • Ensure all Timekeepers can see or hear the starting device (gun/flash).

      Distance Event.

    • Lap counting lead swimmer.

    • Double Lane Swimmers - announcement.

    • Bells & bell lap.


    The start

    THE START

    Preparing for the start of the race.

    • Remember: The Starter has the best communication system with the swimmers.

      • If you have an Able-Body (AB) and PARA Swimmer combined meet, it is best to have the Referee advise PARA Swimmer of any differences rather then use the mike which will confuse the AB swimmers.


    The start con t

    THE START – con’t

    • At the commencement of each heat the Referee signals the swimmers to the starting platforms.

    • When the swimmers and officials are ready for the start, the Referee shall signal with an outstretched arm.

    • This indicates the swimmers are now under the Starter’s control.


    The start rules

    THE START RULES

    SW 2.3.1.

    The Starter shall have full control of the swimmers from the time the Referee turns the swimmers over to him until the race has commenced. The start shall be given in accordance with SW 4 THE START.


    How to work the presentation

    The start in Freestyle, Breaststroke, Butterfly and Individual Medley races shall be with a dive.

    • SW 4.1The start in Freestyle, Breaststroke, Butterfly and Individual Medley races shall be with a dive. On the Long whistle (SW 2.1.5) from the referee the swimmers shall step onto the starting platform and remain there. On the starter’s command “take your marks”, they shall immediately take up a starting position with at least one foot at the front of the starting platforms. The position of the hands is not relevant. When all swimmers are stationary, the starter shall give the starting signal.

    • IPC SM 4.2.1For a swimmer with a visual impairment, on the long whistle from the referee the swimmer shall be permitted to orientate themselves prior to the starters command 'take your marks'.


    How to work the presentation

    IPC SM 4.2.2The swimmer who has balance problems ie standing stationary, may have assistance to balance themselves on the starting platform ie hold at the hips, hand, arm etc, by a volunteer only. An assistant may assist the swimmer to remain stationary at the start, however the assistance shall not allow the swimmer an unfair advantage ie being held and not exceeding 90 degrees vertical position on the starting platforms at the start.The application for assistance form is required to be completed and submitted for approval from the technical delegate/assistant technical delegate and/or technical advisers.


    How to work the presentation

    IPC SM 4.2.3A swimmer may be permitted to start beside the starting platform.

    IPC SM 4.2.4Aswimmer with a lower limb disability may be permitted to take up a sitting position on the starting platform.

    IPC SM 4.2.5A swimmer may be permitted to start in the water but is required to have one hand in contact with the poolside until the starting signal is given. Standing in or on the gutter or on the bottom is prohibited.


    How to work the presentation

    IPC SM 4.2.6A visually impaired swimmer due to a medical reason may start in the water. A medical certificate must be presented to the Technical Delegate prior to the commencement of the competition.

    IPC SM 4.2.7Where a swimmer is unable to grip the poolside, in a water start, the swimmer may be assisted by a support staff or supporting device. The device shall be cleared and deemed safe by the technical delegate/assistant technical delegate and the technical advisers prior to the commencement of the competition. Giving momentum to the swimmer at the start is not permitted and shall result in a false start. The swimmer shall have part of the body in contact with the wall until the starting signal is given.


    How to work the presentation

    IPC SM 4.2.8Class S1, S2 and S3 swimmers are permitted to have their foot/feet held to the wall, until the starting signal is given. Giving momentum to the swimmer at the start is not permitted and shall result in a false start.

    IPC SM 4.2.9To prevent abrasion, one layer of towel, or the like, may be place on the starting platform. The article shall not dramatically increase the height of the starting platform.

    IPC SM 4.2.10 In the case of a swimmer who is blind and deaf, the person tapping shall be permitted to convey the starting signal to the competitor by the use of a non verbal instruction.


    How to work the presentation

    IPC SM 4.2.11In the case of a swimmer who swims in the FCS and is deaf, the swimmer shall be permitted, when no starting light is available, to have conveyed the starting signal by the use of a non verbal instruction.

    IPC SM 4.3 No swimmer shall be permitted to use a starting device that will enhance the swimmers true ability above their classification level.


    The start in backstroke and medley relay races shall be from the water

    The start in Backstroke and Medley Relay races shall be from the water.

    SW 4.2The start in Backstroke and Medley Relay races shall be from the water. At the referee’s first long whistle (SW 2.1.5), the swimmers shall immediately enter the water. At the Referee’s second long whistle the swimmers shall return without undue delay to the starting position (SW 6.1) When all swimmers have assumed their starting positions, the starter shall give the command “take your marks”. When all swimmers are stationary, the starter shall give the starting signal.


    The start backstroke

    The Start - Backstroke

    When all swimmers have surfaced, a second whistle indicates they should return to the wall. Even if all surface at the wall, a second whistle is required for consistency.

    SW 6.1. Prior to the starting signal, the swimmers shall line up in the water facing the starting end, with both hands holding the starting grips. Standing in or on a gutter or bending the toes over the lip of a gutter is prohibited.


    The start1

    THE START

    • Swimmers are turned over to the Starter by the Referee’s outstretched arm.

    • Give the command “Take Your Marks” in a slow, steady, non-military voice. A Starter must establish an even, consistent cadencewith his/her starting commands.


    How to work the presentation

    • The Starter shall activate the starting device when all competitors are stationaryand complying with the starting rules.

    • Some swimmers will fidget until the referee turns the race over to the starter; (this is okay).

      • S1, S2, and S3 swimmers that start in the water with their feet held against the wall must remain stationary and NO sculling.


    How to work the presentation

    • Swimmers may stand wherever they wish on the starting platform and may take any starting position with at least one foot at the front of the platform.

    • Some will roll backward after grabbing the starting platforms. A momentary pause before rolling backward is permitted.


    Achieving a fair start

    Achieving a Fair Start

    • The “rule of thumb” is “If the signal goes, the race goes”.

    • SW 4.4 - Any swimmer starting (moving forward) before the starting signal may be disqualified – at the end of the race.


    Achieving a fair start con t

    Achieving a Fair Start – con’t

    • Any DQ because of a “Delay of Meet” is at the discretion of the Referee.

    • Any protests about the Start should be directed to the Referee.

    • If PARA swimmers are involved, the Referee and/or Technical Advisor (TA), have the final decision onall DQs.


    Sw 4 4

    SW 4.4

    Any swimmer starting before the starting signal has been given, shall be disqualified. If the starting signal sounds before the disqualification is declared the race shall continue and the swimmer or swimmers shall be disqualified upon the completion of the race.

    If the disqualification is declared before the starting signal, the signal shall not be given, but the remaining swimmers shall be called back and start again.


    Dq exceptions

    DQ EXCEPTIONS

    False Start Exceptions (SW 2.3.3):

    • Loud noises or camera flashes or other external sounds can influence start.

    • If the Starter holds the swimmers too long, while waiting for all swimmers to come down, causing a ragged and unfair start: THEN: The race should be recalled and another start attempted with no DQs assigned (Officials Error).


    Dq exceptions con t

    DQ EXCEPTIONS – con’t

    If the starter errors and starts the race before all swimmers are stationary:

    • Recall the race and advise the Referee of an officials error.

    • NO disqualification.

    • If the Starter calls back a race - this is an “Officials Error” and no disqualification is assigned.


    Good habits

    GOOD HABITS

    Record start time for each heat and missing swimmers on heat sheet for each race

    If you are working an age group meet with novice swimmers, be patient they are just learning the start position


    After the meet

    AFTER THE MEET

    • Ensure that the equipment used is secured.

      • Starter’s electronic equipment is shut down.

      • Guns and shells are safely put away.

      • Clip board is returned.

    • Give the heat sheets for the session just worked to Meet Management, in case any questions.


    After the meet con t

    AFTER THE MEET – con’t

    • Attend a debriefing with the Referee or Management Committee. Comment on both strengths and areas of improvement for the next session.

    • Check the Official’s schedule for the next session that you work.


    Discussion

    Discussion

    • How should a Starter handle the following?

    Acknowledgement: Swim Ontario for their contributions


    Scenario 1

    Scenario 1

    • Following the command “Take your Marks”, the swimmers assume a starting position (stationary), and a swimmer begins to move forward before the starting signal:

      • Signal not given - “Step Swimmers Down”; Referee has the option to DQ offending swimmer for “Delay of Meet”. Re-start

      • Signal given - Race continues and DQ after the race. (SW 4.4)


    Scenario 2

    Scenario 2

    • If a swimmer does not respond to the command “Take your Marks.”

      • As a starter, do not activate the starting signal.

      • Instruct the swimmers to step down.

      • Discuss with the Referee: Did the swimmer hear the command, (PARA swimmers)? The Referee may disqualify the swimmer if it is agreed that the swimmer was not obeying the command.

      • If disqualified, the DQ’d swimmer’s lane shall remain empty. This would not be a false start but a “Delay of Meet” call, after which the race reverts to the referee. (SW 2.3.2).


    Sw 2 3 2

    SW 2.3.2

    The starter shall report a swimmer to the Referee for delaying the start, for wilfully disobeying an order or for any other misconduct taking place at the start, but only the Referee may disqualify a swimmer for such delay, wilful disobedience or misconduct. 


    Scenario 3

    Scenario 3

    • On starting the race, a swimmer topples from the starting platform before the starting signal is given.

      • The other swimmers are instructed to “step down” (PARA may have a problem getting down and back up, maybe relax would be better).

      • The race shall revert to the Referee.

      • The Referee & Starter discuss:

        • Did the swimmer slip because of a slippery starting platform?

        • The benefit of doubt shall go to the swimmer.

        • SW 4.4 - If the swimmer is at fault, a DQ has occurred. ‘Delay of Meet’ rather than ‘False Start’.


    Scenario 4

    Scenario 4

    • The swimmers come down in a very uneven, disorganized manner as they take their marks.

      • Ask the swimmers to “step down” or “Relax” if PARA involved, but this is not a false start.

      • The race should revert to the Referee for another start attempt.


    Discuss handovers with the referee

    Discuss Handovers with the Referee

    • Ragged starts are often caused by a referee turning a race over to the starter before the swimmers are ready.

    • In this situation the starter may wait until he/she feels a fair start can be achieved or

    • instruct the swimmers to “step down”.


    Scenario 5

    Scenario 5

    • The swimmer in Lane 6 comes down “too slowly” to his mark and Lane 7 topples into the water.

      • A subjective judgment call. There is nothing in the rules regulating “how fast” a swimmer must take his mark. As long as a swimmer is moving in an attempt to take his mark after the starter’s command, he/she should not be called for an infraction.

      • Did Lane 7 come down very quickly and could not hold his mark?

        • DQ Lane 7.

      • Was there undue delay in obeying the start command by the swimmer in Lane 6 – causing Lane 7 to False Start?

        • Instruct the swimmers to “step down” and the Referee will decide if Lane 6 should be DQ’d for “Delay of Meet”.


    How to work the presentation

    A starter always has the option to step the swimmers down without declaring a false start if he/she feels a fair start might be difficult to achieve.


    Scenario 6

    Scenario 6

    • A swimmer leaps onto the starting platforms:

      • After the Referee turns the swimmers over to the Starter.

        • If possible “Step swimmers down” & return control to the Referee


    A swimmer leaps onto the starting platforms

    A swimmer leaps onto the starting platforms:

    • After the Starter says “Take your Marks”

      • Whenever possible “Step swimmers down” and return control to the Referee.

      • If unable to prevent giving the Start and a fair start occurs then continue and let the referee DQ as a late scratch at the conclusion of the race.


    Questionnaire

    QUESTIONNAIRE

    1.The FINA Start includes:

    a) One start

    b) Two starts

    c) A choice of one or two starts


    How to work the presentation

    2.The FINA Start shall be used for:

    a)All Canadian meets.

    b)All International meets.

    c)All Regional competitions including club, dual, invitational and championship meets.


    How to work the presentation

    3.In SNC sanctioned meets, the starting signal shall be:

    a) pistol shot.

    b) A loud abrupt sound of an electronically activated horn.

    c) A short whistle blast.


    How to work the presentation

    4. Some responsibilities of the Starter are:

    a) Ensure that each race is started fairly.

    b) Discuss signals between Referee and Starter.

    c) Disqualify swimmers who use illegal stroke techniques.

    d) Announce swimmers before each race.

    e) Call the swimmers to attention before the race using a whistle.

    f) Ensure the Timekeepers are ready before starting the race.

    g) Start the race as soon as all the swimmers have taken their mark and are motionless.

    h) Disqualify swimmers for delaying the progress of the meet.

    i) Ensure the false start recall rope is dropped when necessary.

    j) Perform other duties as assigned by the Referee.

    k) Report to the Referee any swimmer for delaying the start, willfully disobeying an order, or any other misconduct taking place at the start.


    How to work the presentation

    5.The Starter shall have control of the swimmers from the time:

    a) The Referee turns the race over to him/her.

    b) The Referee checks that the Judges are ready.

    c)The swimmers take their positions of readiness at the front of the starting platforms.

    d)The Referee blows the long, loud whistle.

    e)The Referee gestures to the starter with a stretched out arm in the direction of the course.


    How to work the presentation

    6.The Referee may not interfere once the Starter has control of the swimmers:

    a) Correct

    b) Incorrect


    How to work the presentation

    7.At the start the Starter shall:

    a) Hold the pistol at chest height.

    b) Hold the pistol motionless at arm’s length, in clear view of the Timekeepers.

    c) Ensure that the strobe light is in clear view of the Timekeepers.

    d) Ensure that all Timekeepers can see the flash of the pistol.

    e) Disqualify a swimmer for delay of meet


    How to work the presentation

    8.The preparatory command that immediately precedes the starting signal shall be:

    a) “Ready”

    b) “Get set”

    c) “A vousmarques”

    d) “To your marks”

    e) “Take your marks”

    f) “On your marks”


    How to work the presentation

    9.In the event of the malfunction of the starting device OR pistol the Starter shall:

    a)Leave the swimmers poised and attempt to repair the malfunction

    b)Direct the swimmers to “step down” or “relax” and announce that it is not a false start.

    c)Call a false start and proceed immediately with another attempt.

    d)Leave the swimmers poised and reload the pistol.

    e)In the best interest of the swimmers, ask them to step down until the malfunction is corrected.


    How to work the presentation

    10. During the start, the Referee or Starter may:

    • Elect at any time to recall the race and restart it if a fair start has not been achieved.

    • Direct swimmers to “step down or “relax” and then re-attempt to start the race without assigning a false start or a disqualification.

    • Not recall the race, even if they believe a fair start has not been achieved.

    • Disqualify a swimmer who false starts, by directing the swimmers to “step down” or “relax” even though the starting signal has not been given.

    • Disqualify at the end of the race, any swimmer who leaves his/her mark early (jumping the gun).

    • Prior to the starting signal, disqualify any number of swimmers until a fair start has been achieved.

    • Not agree on a false start.


    How to work the presentation

    11. Whenever swimmers have been asked to step down and relax due to any action or lack of action on the part of the swimmer(s), the control of the race reverts to the Referee

    a) Correct

    b) Incorrect


    How to work the presentation

    12.A “False Start” occurs when:

    a)A swimmer starts before the starting signal has been given.

    b)The starting signal misfires.

    c)There is an official’s error

    d) A swimmer has jumped the gun and the starting signal has been given.


    How to work the presentation

    13. Authority to call a “False Start” lies with:

    a)The Referee

    b)The Chief Timekeeper

    c)The Stroke Judge and Turn Inspector

    d) The Starter


    How to work the presentation

    14.The swimmers, other then PARA swimmers, are in the water for the start of:

    a)200m Individual Medley

    b)400m Freestyle

    c)400m Medley Relay

    d)200m Backstroke


    How to work the presentation

    15.For Backstroke events, the swimmer:

    • Must be in the water facing down the course.

    • Must be in the water facing the starting end.

    • Shall hold starting grips with both hands.

    • Must have both feet in contact with the end of the wall.

    • Must have toes below the water line, except PARA swimmers.

    • May have the toes grip the gutters.

    • Must have the feet level on the wall.

    • Shall immediately enter the water and assume the starting position without undue delay.


    How to work the presentation

    16.For events requiring a dive start, the swimmers:

    • Shall stand behind the starting platforms until the Referee’s whistle is sounded.

    • Shall step onto the starting platform with both feet the same distance from the front and remain stationary.

    • On the command, “take your marks”, shall take their position with at least one foot at the front of the starting platforms.

    • May use a track start

    • May when using the track start, adjust the back foot position.

    • May start from the pool deck when circumstances warrant.

    • Shall keep their heels in contact with the starting starting platform while awaiting the start signal, after the preparatory command has been given.

    • Are permitted to grasp the starting starting platform with their hands while awaiting the starting signal.

    • Must have both feet at the front of the starting platform.

    • Shall step onto the starting platform and remain there.


    How to work the presentation

    17.The following statements about the start are true:

    • The Starter may disqualify a swimmer for a false start before the start occurs.

    • The Starter may disqualify a swimmer for a false start after the start occurs.

    • A disqualification which occurs after a successful start has been achieved is charged to the swimmer at the end of the race.

    • Swimmers may be directed to “step down” or “relax” prior to a successful start without a false start or disqualification being assigned.


    Some internet sites

    SOME INTERNET SITES

    www.swimalberta.ca – Officials information, Power Point Clinics, and IPC forms.

    www.swimming.ca – Officials information, PARA Information

    www.fina.org – Rule book


    How to work the presentation

    • If the course is given by an Instructor;

      • Complete the ‘Officials Certification Form’, attach and send to the email address on the form.

    • When you have finished the online course:

      • Complete the ‘Online Certification Form’ and attach, and send email to the address on the form.

    • forms are located at,

      • http://www.swimalberta.ca/officials/officials-forms.htm


    How to work the presentation

    Thank you.

    We would like to acknowledge the initial work on the power point presentation done by Swim Ontario and Swim Alberta


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