Why learn first aid
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Why Learn First Aid?. Lesson 1. The Need for First Aid. Every year 2 million people are hospitalized because of injuries 140,000 die from injuries 500,000 die from heart attacks 150,000 die from strokes. 2 million people are hospitalized because of injuries 140,000 die from injuries

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Why Learn First Aid?

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Why learn first aid

Why Learn First Aid?

Lesson 1


The need for first aid

The Need for First Aid

Every year

  • 2 million people are hospitalized because of injuries

  • 140,000 die from injuries

  • 500,000 die from heart attacks

  • 150,000 die from strokes

  • 2 million people are hospitalized because of injuries

  • 140,000 die from injuries

  • 500,000 die from heart attacks

  • 150,000 die from strokes


Emergency medical services system

Emergency Medical Services System

  • First aid is only the first step

  • Make sure the EMS system responds

  • Call 911 or your local or company emergency number


Be prepared for emergencies

Be Prepared for Emergencies

KNOW:

  • What to do

  • Where first aid kits are kept

  • Emergency phone numbers

    Do you use 911 or a different emergency telephone number?


Preventing emergencies

Preventing Emergencies

  • Most injuries can be prevented

    • Take steps!

  • Always follow safety procedures required by OSHA


Do the checkpoint 4 questions now

DO THE CHECKPOINT 4 QUESTIONS NOW

1


Can you be sued for giving first aid

Not if you protect yourself:

Act onlyas you are trained to act

Get a victim’s consent before giving first aid

Can You be Sued for Giving First Aid?


Can you be sued for giving first aid1

Can You be Sued for Giving First Aid?

  • Do not move a victim unnecessarily

  • Call for professional help

  • Keep giving care until help arrives


Good samaritan laws

Good Samaritan Laws

  • Most states have laws to encourage people to help others in an emergency

  • These laws protect you legally when you give first aid

    What are the Good Samaritan laws in your area?


Must you give first aid

Must You Give First Aid?

  • In most states there is no legal obligation to give first aid as a citizen or a bystander

  • If you begin giving first aid, continue giving care and remain with the victim

  • Your job may require giving first aid, making a legal obligation:

A DUTY TO ACT


Get the victim s consent

Must give consent before you can give first aid

Tell the person your training and what you will do to help

Assumed to give consent (implied consent)

A parent/guardian is assumed to give consent if not presentand the child is injured

Get the Victim’s Consent

Responsive Victim:

Unresponsive Victim:


Standard of care

Standard of Care

  • What others with your same training would do in a similar situation

    • Do only as you are trained

    • Any other actions could result in the injury or illness becoming worse


Negligence

Negligence

You may be negligent if:

1. You have a duty to act.

2. You breach that duty.

3. Your actions/inaction cause

injury/damages.


Examples

Examples

  • Moving a victim unnecessarily

  • Doing something you have not been trained to do

  • Failing to give first aid as you have been trained


Abandonment

Abandonment

Abandonment is if you leave the victim and injury/illness becomes worse.

  • Once you begin giving first aid, do not stop until another trained person takes over

  • Stay with the victim until the help arrives or someone with equal or greater training takes over


Stop care only

Stop Care only…

Justified instances of

stopping care:

  • Exhaustion

  • Imminent danger


Coping with a traumatic event

Coping with a Traumatic Event

  • Talk to others (do not breach confidentiality)

  • Remind yourself your reaction is normal

  • Do not be afraid or reluctant to ask for professional help:

    • Employee Assistance Programs

    • Member Assistance Programs


Do the checkpoint 4 questions now1

DO THE CHECKPOINT 4 QUESTIONS NOW

2


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