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Sentences. : football team. sentences : stories. players. cast members :. play. 4 kinds of sentences. Declarative Basic statement. Interrogative Asks a question? Exclamatory Expresses strong feeling! Imperative A demand! or a request.

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Football team

: football team

sentences: stories

players

cast members :

play


4 kinds of sentences
4 kinds of sentences

  • Declarative

    • Basic statement.

  • Interrogative

    • Asks a question?

  • Exclamatory

    • Expresses strong feeling!

  • Imperative

    • A demand! or a request.


Did you see the new Twilight movie, Eclipse? Well, I did, and I though it was terrible! For one thing, the girl who plays Bella can’t act. She only has one facial expression—a bored pout. The boys aren’t much better. But then again, what are they supposed to do with lines like, “Yeah, but I’m hotter than you”?



A sentence must have 2 things
A Sentence must have 2 things:

  • Subject (who or what)

  • Verb (action or being)


Examples of subjects

Nouns

People

Places

Things

Ideas

Verbs

Action verbs

Being verbs

Other helping and linking verbs

Examples of Subjects


Verbs

Action Verbs

Run

Undergo

Change

Play

Participate

Bark

Read

Being Verbs

Be

Am

Is

Are

Was

were

Verbs


Examples of complete sentences
Examples of complete sentences

  • Many studentshate homework.

  • Skylar and Amyparticipate in UIL.

  • That studentis always late.

  • Some seventh gradersare in Mrs. Perdomo’s English class.


Chapter 8 4

Chapter 8.4

Identifying the Subject


Most sentences begin with the subject
Most sentences begin with the subject

Megan Fox is beautiful.

Megan Foxis beautiful.


Sometimes the subject is not at the beginning:QuestionsThere Are…There Is…Here Are…Here is…Implied (you) in imperatives


Questions
Questions

Aresome treestoo small?

Do some boys like to swim?

Can I go to the movies?


Here s the trick
Here’s the trick:

Are some trees too small?

Some treesare too small.

Are some trees too small?


You try
You try:

Do some boys like to swim?

Some boysdo like to swim.

Do some boys like to swim?


You try1
You try:

Can I go to the movies?

I can go to the movies.

Can I go to the movies?


Another type of predicate
Another type of predicate:

  • There is…

  • There are…

  • Here is…

  • Here are…


There isa boywho likes to swim.

There aresome boyswho like to swim.

Here isa boywho likes to swim.

Here aresome boyswho like to swim.


Imperatives implied you
Imperatives: Implied (you)

(You)Put away your backpack.

(You)Think for yourself.

(You)Set goals for success.


Review
Review

Most of the time, the subject is found at the ____________ of the sentence.

beginning


When you have a question
When you have a question…

  • The subject is found in the ________.

  • You can change the question into a sentence to make it easier to find the _________________.

middle

subject and predicate


Special types of predicates are found at the beginning of the sentence
Special types of predicates are found at the beginning of the sentence.

  • There is…

  • There are…

  • Here is…

  • Here are…


Compound subjects compound predicates

Compound Subjects the sentence.

Compound Predicates


Compound subjects
Compound Subjects the sentence.

  • Sometimes, there is more than one person or thing that is the subject of the sentence

  • The compound subject will be joined by and, or, nor.


Compound subjects using and
Compound Subjects Using the sentence.AND

Harry Potter and Hermione Granger are best friends.

Harry Potter and Hermione Grangerare best friends.


Compound subjects using and always take a plural verb
Compound subjects using AND the sentence.always take a plural verb

Harry and Hermionelike school.

  • Theylike school

  • Theylikes school


Compound subjects using or
Compound Subjects Using the sentence.OR

Either Mrs. Holcomb or Mr. Johnson is giving a test today.

Either Mrs. Holcomb or Mr. Johnsonis giving a test today.


Compound subjects using or sometimes take a plural verb
Compound subjects using OR the sentence.sometimes take a plural verb

Either a spiral or several pieces of paper are needed for class.

Either several pieces of paper or a spiralis needed for class.

Use the subject closest to the verb.


Compound subjects using nor
Compound Subjects Using the sentence.NOR

Neither Mrs. P. nor Mrs. Hamilton likes to give homework.

Neither Mrs. P nor Mrs. Hamiltonlikes to give homework.


Compound subjects using nor sometimes take a plural verb
Compound subjects using NOR the sentence.sometimes take a plural verb

Neither blue hair nor tank tops are permitted by the dress code.

Neither tank tops nor blue hairis permitted by the dress code.

Use the subject closest to the verb.


Compound predicates 2 times the action
Compound Predicates— the sentence.2 times the action!

Supermanflies around and protects the people.

Harry Potterfights Voldemort and saves the day!


More examples
More examples: the sentence.

Hermionecares about her friends andtries to give them good advice.

Mrs. Perdomolikes dogs butdislikes cats.

Doyouwant play video games ordo your homework?


Compound subject compound predicate
Compound subject + compound predicate the sentence.

Ron and Harryplay Quidditch and study for their exams.

Mrs. Hendrix and Mrs. Perdomoteach Honors students andgive them homework.


Review1
Review: the sentence.

  • Roses and tulipsare Mrs. Perdomo’s favorite flowers.

  • The studentsran to class and sat down before the bell.

  • The students and the teacherstrained hard for UIL and won the competition.


Chapter 8 6

Chapter 8.6 the sentence.

Compound Sentences


Compound sentences
Compound Sentences the sentence.

Complete sentence

+

Complete sentence


Complete sentence review
Complete Sentence Review the sentence.

A complete sentence has both a ___________ and a _________.

subject

verb


To join two sentences
To join two sentences: the sentence.

  • Use a comma and

    a FANBOYS

    OR

  • Use a semi-colon ;


F or a nd n or b ut o r y et s o
F the sentence.ORANDNORBUTORYETSO

COMMA +


Compound sentences examples
Compound Sentences Examples: the sentence.

Mrs. Perdomowas sick today, soa substitutetaught us.

Mrs. Perdomowas sick today;a substitutetaught us.


Run ons the big no no
Run-Ons: The Big No-No the sentence.

Incorrect: Dogs should not eat homework,students get in trouble.

Correct:Dogs should not eat homework, forstudents get in trouble.


Can you find the run on
Can you find the run-on? the sentence.

The most unexpected thing that ever happened to me was when I got to go to Disney World in Orlando, Florida. That morning, I woke up and took a shower like usual and then I went to eat my breakfast and my mom told me that she had a surprise. I couldn’t believe it. My mom never surprises me. She just kept looking at me with a weird smile on her face, so finally I asked her what the surprise was. “We are going to Disney World!” she yelled.

The most unexpected thing that ever happened to me was when I got to go to Disney World in Orlando, Florida. That morning, I woke up and took a shower like usual and then I went to eat my breakfast and my mom told me that she had a surprise. I couldn’t believe it. My mom never surprises me. She just kept looking at me with a weird smile on her face, so finally I asked her what the surprise was. “We are going to Disney World!” she yelled.


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