Sentences
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Sentences. : football team. sentences : stories. players. cast members :. play. 4 kinds of sentences. Declarative Basic statement. Interrogative Asks a question? Exclamatory Expresses strong feeling! Imperative A demand! or a request.

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Sentences

Sentences


Football team

: football team

sentences: stories

players

cast members :

play


4 kinds of sentences

4 kinds of sentences

  • Declarative

    • Basic statement.

  • Interrogative

    • Asks a question?

  • Exclamatory

    • Expresses strong feeling!

  • Imperative

    • A demand! or a request.


Sentences

Did you see the new Twilight movie, Eclipse? Well, I did, and I though it was terrible! For one thing, the girl who plays Bella can’t act. She only has one facial expression—a bored pout. The boys aren’t much better. But then again, what are they supposed to do with lines like, “Yeah, but I’m hotter than you”?


Sentences vs sentence fragments

Sentences vs. Sentence Fragments


A sentence must have 2 things

A Sentence must have 2 things:

  • Subject (who or what)

  • Verb (action or being)


Examples of subjects

Nouns

People

Places

Things

Ideas

Verbs

Action verbs

Being verbs

Other helping and linking verbs

Examples of Subjects


Verbs

Action Verbs

Run

Undergo

Change

Play

Participate

Bark

Read

Being Verbs

Be

Am

Is

Are

Was

were

Verbs


Examples of complete sentences

Examples of complete sentences

  • Many studentshate homework.

  • Skylar and Amyparticipate in UIL.

  • That studentis always late.

  • Some seventh gradersare in Mrs. Perdomo’s English class.


Chapter 8 4

Chapter 8.4

Identifying the Subject


Most sentences begin with the subject

Most sentences begin with the subject

Megan Fox is beautiful.

Megan Foxis beautiful.


Sentences

Sometimes the subject is not at the beginning:QuestionsThere Are…There Is…Here Are…Here is…Implied (you) in imperatives


Questions

Questions

Aresome treestoo small?

Do some boys like to swim?

Can I go to the movies?


Here s the trick

Here’s the trick:

Are some trees too small?

Some treesare too small.

Are some trees too small?


You try

You try:

Do some boys like to swim?

Some boysdo like to swim.

Do some boys like to swim?


You try1

You try:

Can I go to the movies?

I can go to the movies.

Can I go to the movies?


Another type of predicate

Another type of predicate:

  • There is…

  • There are…

  • Here is…

  • Here are…


Sentences

There isa boywho likes to swim.

There aresome boyswho like to swim.

Here isa boywho likes to swim.

Here aresome boyswho like to swim.


Imperatives implied you

Imperatives: Implied (you)

(You)Put away your backpack.

(You)Think for yourself.

(You)Set goals for success.


Review

Review

Most of the time, the subject is found at the ____________ of the sentence.

beginning


When you have a question

When you have a question…

  • The subject is found in the ________.

  • You can change the question into a sentence to make it easier to find the _________________.

middle

subject and predicate


Special types of predicates are found at the beginning of the sentence

Special types of predicates are found at the beginning of the sentence.

  • There is…

  • There are…

  • Here is…

  • Here are…


Compound subjects compound predicates

Compound Subjects

Compound Predicates


Compound subjects

Compound Subjects

  • Sometimes, there is more than one person or thing that is the subject of the sentence

  • The compound subject will be joined by and, or, nor.


Compound subjects using and

Compound Subjects Using AND

Harry Potter and Hermione Granger are best friends.

Harry Potter and Hermione Grangerare best friends.


Compound subjects using and always take a plural verb

Compound subjects using ANDalways take a plural verb

Harry and Hermionelike school.

  • Theylike school

  • Theylikes school


Compound subjects using or

Compound Subjects Using OR

Either Mrs. Holcomb or Mr. Johnson is giving a test today.

Either Mrs. Holcomb or Mr. Johnsonis giving a test today.


Compound subjects using or sometimes take a plural verb

Compound subjects using ORsometimes take a plural verb

Either a spiral or several pieces of paper are needed for class.

Either several pieces of paper or a spiralis needed for class.

Use the subject closest to the verb.


Compound subjects using nor

Compound Subjects Using NOR

Neither Mrs. P. nor Mrs. Hamilton likes to give homework.

Neither Mrs. P nor Mrs. Hamiltonlikes to give homework.


Compound subjects using nor sometimes take a plural verb

Compound subjects using NORsometimes take a plural verb

Neither blue hair nor tank tops are permitted by the dress code.

Neither tank tops nor blue hairis permitted by the dress code.

Use the subject closest to the verb.


Compound predicates 2 times the action

Compound Predicates—2 times the action!

Supermanflies around and protects the people.

Harry Potterfights Voldemort and saves the day!


More examples

More examples:

Hermionecares about her friends andtries to give them good advice.

Mrs. Perdomolikes dogs butdislikes cats.

Doyouwant play video games ordo your homework?


Compound subject compound predicate

Compound subject + compound predicate

Ron and Harryplay Quidditch and study for their exams.

Mrs. Hendrix and Mrs. Perdomoteach Honors students andgive them homework.


Review1

Review:

  • Roses and tulipsare Mrs. Perdomo’s favorite flowers.

  • The studentsran to class and sat down before the bell.

  • The students and the teacherstrained hard for UIL and won the competition.


Chapter 8 6

Chapter 8.6

Compound Sentences


Compound sentences

Compound Sentences

Complete sentence

+

Complete sentence


Complete sentence review

Complete Sentence Review

A complete sentence has both a ___________ and a _________.

subject

verb


To join two sentences

To join two sentences:

  • Use a comma and

    a FANBOYS

    OR

  • Use a semi-colon ;


F or a nd n or b ut o r y et s o

FORANDNORBUTORYETSO

COMMA +


Compound sentences examples

Compound Sentences Examples:

Mrs. Perdomowas sick today, soa substitutetaught us.

Mrs. Perdomowas sick today;a substitutetaught us.


Run ons the big no no

Run-Ons: The Big No-No

Incorrect: Dogs should not eat homework,students get in trouble.

Correct:Dogs should not eat homework, forstudents get in trouble.


Can you find the run on

Can you find the run-on?

The most unexpected thing that ever happened to me was when I got to go to Disney World in Orlando, Florida. That morning, I woke up and took a shower like usual and then I went to eat my breakfast and my mom told me that she had a surprise. I couldn’t believe it. My mom never surprises me. She just kept looking at me with a weird smile on her face, so finally I asked her what the surprise was. “We are going to Disney World!” she yelled.

The most unexpected thing that ever happened to me was when I got to go to Disney World in Orlando, Florida. That morning, I woke up and took a shower like usual and then I went to eat my breakfast and my mom told me that she had a surprise. I couldn’t believe it. My mom never surprises me. She just kept looking at me with a weird smile on her face, so finally I asked her what the surprise was. “We are going to Disney World!” she yelled.


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