the american romantic movement aka the american renaissance
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The American Romantic Movement (aka The American Renaissance)

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The American Romantic Movement (aka The American Renaissance). ~ 1800-1860. Romanticism. The name given to those schools of thought that value feeling and intuition over reason. Reaction against the Rationalism of Ben Franklin

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Presentation Transcript
romanticism
Romanticism
  • The name given to those schools of thought that value feeling and intuition over reason.
  • Reaction against the Rationalism of Ben Franklin
  • Reaction against the corruption and decay found in the cities – inspiration and value found in nature
the 5 i s of romanticism
The 5 “I’s” of Romanticism
  • Intuition
  • Imagination
  • Innocence
  • Inspiration
    • Nature
    • Supernatural
  • Inner Experience
aims of the american romantic novelists short story authors
Aims of the American Romantic Novelists & Short Story Authors

Create a new art form

Capture the American landscape and American sentiment through a “new hero” in a “new story”

Authors: James Fenimore Cooper, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Washington Irving

the new american hero
The new American Hero
  • James Fenimore Cooper & Natty Bumppo
  • Take notes on the “characteristics of the new American hero” on page 146-149
aims of the american romantic poets
Aims of the American Romantic Poets
  • Wanted to be respected by European authors
  • Used classical themes and imagery in addition to images of nature
  • Did not want to be seen as “American country bumpkins” – almost too traditional in their formats and themes
  • The Fireside Poets (poems often read aloud at campfires and in front of the hearth) – Oliver Wendell Holmes, John Greenleaf Whittier, James Russell Lowell,Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
the dark romantics
The Dark Romantics
  • The darker side of the 5 “I’s”
  • Supernatural elements
  • Gothic images
  • Authors: Herman Melville, Edgar Allan Poe
the transcendentalists
The Transcendentalists
  • Romantic Philosophers
  • Authors: Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau
  • More notes later…
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