Mr. Thomas Crapper was a plumber in the late 1800’s who held nine patents for improvements to drai...
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Mr. Thomas Crapper was a plumber in the late 1800’s who held nine patents for improvements to drains, water closets, manhole covers and pipe joints. Instructions:.

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Instructions

Mr. Thomas Crapper was a plumber in the late 1800’s who held nine patents for improvements to drains, water closets, manhole covers and pipe joints.


Instructions

Instructions:

You may work through this lesson at your own pace. Simply click on the arrows to continue or go back to the previous page.

Watch for toilet buttons throughout the lesson. When you click on the toilet button, you will be able to see an example quiz question.

This is where the button are located on each slide


Instructions

At the end of the lesson, you will complete a quiz that will be graded!!

Once you are ready, just click on the photo labeled QUIZ to complete the plumbing quiz.

Once you have clicked on the QUIZ button, you may NOT go back, so make sure your plumbing knowledge is up to date before you take the quiz!!


Instructions

Watch for underlined and italicized vocabulary words. You can find the definition of these words at the bottom of the page they are located on.


Are you ready

Are you ready??

Just remember……….. If you forget how to use the buttons just go back to the information page by clicking on the button at the bottom of the page.

Have fun and good luck!!!


What is a plumbing system

What is a plumbing system?

Plumbing includes all the piping and fixtures that provide water for drinking, cooking, bathing, and laundry; as well as a means of disposing of wastewater.


Instructions

Putting in a plumbing system takes a lot of thought………………….When a house is being built, plumbers and carpenters must work together so the frame of the house is prepared for plumbing to be put in.


Instructions

Plumbing can be dangerous, so there are codes that must be followed in order to keep everyone safe.

A code is a set of rules that can be enforced by law!!!


Some common codes

Some Common Codes

  • UPC (Uniform Plumbing Code)

  • BOCA (Basic Builders Code)

  • IBOC (International Conference of Building Officials)

  • NPC (National Plumbing Code)

  • SPCCI (Standard Plumbing Code)

    **Local codes usually adopt all or parts of the UPC or other plumbing codes. Once adopted, codes can be enforced by law!!


Plumbers are smart

Plumbers are SMART!!!


Instructions

Plumbers rely on math to make accurate measurements and calculations so all the pipes and tanks fit together to work properly.


Instructions

In the plumbing business, errors cost money, so you better know your stuff!!!


There are 2 types of plumbing systems

There are 2 Types of Plumbing Systems

  • Water Supply System

    2) Drainage, Waste, and Venting (DWV)


Water supply system

Water Supply System

  • Distributes water under pressure throughout the structure for drinking, bathing, cooking, and laundry.

  • This is a 2 pipe system.

  • One pipe carries cold water, and the other hot water.


Instructions

DWV

  • Carries away wastewater and solid waste from bathrooms, kitchens, and laundries.

  • This subsystem is not under pressure, and must be properly vented to prevent wastewater form entering the drinking water supply.


Instructions

The plumbers tool belt carries many of the same tools used in carpentry and electrical work.

Simple plumbing tasks only require a few tools, most commonly a wrench.

While larger plumbing jobs use a variety of tools.


The plumbers tool belt

The Plumbers Tool Belt

Includes wrenches

and other tools used to:

  • Measure

  • Align

  • Mark

  • Cut

  • Ream and Thread


A few measuring tools

A Few Measuring Tools

Rulers, tapes, and squares.

RULER

Measuring Tape

T Square


A few alignment tools

A Few Alignment Tools

These are necessary for determining when pipes are level and plumb.

Level

Plumb Bob

Plumb – Exactly vertical


A few marking tools

A Few Marking Tools

Pencils, chalk lines, compasses, and dividers.

Pencil

Compass


A few cutting tools

A Few Cutting Tools

Various saws, files, chisels, snips, and pipe cutters.

Chisel

File


A few reaming and threading tools

A Few Reaming and Threading Tools

Used for work on metal pipes. Reaming the end of a pipe removes the burrs caused by cutting.


Wrenches

Wrenches

Adjustable Wrench

Pipe Wrench


Practice question 1

Practice Question #1

How many of these tools are used by plumbers?

T Square

Compass

Chisel

Plumb Bob

Wrench

Ruler

Answer


Instructions

All of these tools are used by a plumber!!!

Chisel

Plumb Bob

Ruler

T Square

Wrench

Compass


Different types of pipes

Different Types of Pipes

  • Chlorinated Polyvinyl Chloride (CPVC)

  • Polybutylene (PB)

  • Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS)

  • Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC)


Chlorinated polyvinyl chloride cpvc

Chlorinated Polyvinyl Chloride (CPVC)

  • Plastic Supply Piping

  • Buff colored thermoplastic

  • Light, easy to handle, resists cracks

  • Good for freezing conditions

  • Suitable for piping hot water

  • Rating of 180 degrees Fahrenheit and 100 psi


Polybutylene pb

Polybutylene (PB)

  • Plastic Supply Piping

  • Flexible, allowing for easy installation

  • Connections made with compression fittings


Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene abs

Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS)

  • Plastic Piping

  • Resists chemical attack

  • Inexpensive

  • Joined with a one-step solvent


Polyvinyl chloride pvc

Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC)

  • Plastic Piping

  • Has lower thermal expansion that makes long runs easier to control

  • Joined with a two-step primer/solvent and suitable fittings


What is the difference between a valve a fixture and a faucet

What is the difference between a valve, a fixture, and a faucet?


Valves

Valves

Devices that control the flow of water in the water supply system.

They are installed at certain places on the lines so that water can be shut off easily.


Faucets

Faucets

Valves that permit controlled amounts of water as needed for use in a building.

They deliver water to sinks, showers, and bathtubs, but can also deliver water to a hose or bucket.


Fixtures

Fixtures

Water-using devices such as sinks, bathtubs, urinals, stools, or showers.

They are attached to the plumbing system and receive water from the supply system.


Quiz practice question 2

Quiz Practice Question #2

Are these labeled correctly???

Fixture

Valve

Faucet

Answer


No the correct labeling is

No!!The correct labeling is……

Valve

Faucet

Fixture


Plumber s shorthand

Plumber’s Shorthand


Instructions

To save time, plumbers use symbols as a type of shorthand in housing sketches to help guide plumbing installation


Practice quiz question 3

Practice Quiz Question #3

What plumbing symbols can you find in this picture?

Answer


Instructions

The photo is a template of symbols that are used by plumbers. It shows almost all the symbols that plumbers use today.


Unclogging drains can be fun

Unclogging drains can be fun!


Instructions

All drains can become clogged.

It is important to know different ways to unclog a drain so that you may avoid overflows or future problems!!


For a slow drain

For a slow drain…….

Use chemical cleaners, such as Drano to solve the problem.

Be careful, these kind of chemicals are dangerous and can make you very sick or even kill you if they are not used properly!!


For more serious clogs

For more serious clogs…..

You may use a plunger, a snake, or a closet auger.

Plungers apply pressure to the clog

Augers and snakes reach and dislodge the obstruction.


Quiz practice question 4

Quiz Practice Question #4

What do you do if you have a slow drain, but not a clog?

A. Use a plunger

B. Use a liquid solvent

C. Use an auger

D. Do nothing, just live with the slow drain

Answer


Instructions

The correct answer is……..

B. Use a liquid solvent, like Drano, to speed up your slow drain.


It s time for the real quiz

It’s time for the REAL Quiz!!

Are you ready?

If you would like to review before taking the final quiz, click on the review button at the bottom of the page.

If you are ready to take the Quiz, click on the QUIZ button at the bottom of the page.

Just remember, once you have clicked on the QUIZ button, there is no turning back!!!!

QUIZ

Review


Instructions

Quiz Instructions:

  • On a blank sheet of paper write your name and class period (this is where you will write your answers).

  • Read each question carefully, and select the best answer.

  • For essay questions, write your answer on your answer sheet in legible handwriting.

    **If you are caught cheating, you will receive a zero on the quiz.

Begin Quiz

Review


Instructions

#1) Correctly identify all tools which are used by plumbers as described in the lesson. Label your answer according to the letter next to the tool. Explain what the tool is called and what it is used for in plumbing. (Worth 10 points)

D.

B.

A.

E.

C.


2 using the photographs correctly label each picture as a valve fixture or a faucet

#2) Using the photographs, correctly label each picture as a valve, fixture, or a faucet.

B.

A.

C.

D.


3 describe the differences between valves fixtures and faucets as described in the lesson

#3) Describe the differences between valves, fixtures, and faucets as described in the lesson.


Instructions

#4) Your little brother put a large piece of paper down the toilet. Now your toilet is clogged and about to overflow onto the floor. What do you do? A.) Use liquid solvent to unclog the drainB.) Wait for the clog to go away on it’s ownC.) Use an auger or snake to unclog the drainD.) Keep using the toilet, because the paper will then work its way loose.E.) None of the above


Instructions

#5) What is a plumbing code?A.) A set of rules that can be enforced by law!!!B.) Something that plumbers use as shorthandC.) A type of plumbing toolD.) A type of solvent


What is a plumbing system1

What is a plumbing system?

Plumbing includes all the piping and fixtures that provide water for drinking, cooking, bathing, and laundry; as well as a means of disposing of wastewater. (Yuck!)

QUIZ


Instructions

Plumbing can be dangerous, so there are codes that must be followed in order to keep everyone safe.

A code is a set of rules that can be enforced by law!!!

QUIZ


The plumbers tool belt1

The Plumbers Tool Belt

Includes wrenches

and other tools used to:

  • Measure

  • Align

  • Mark

  • Cut

  • Ream and Thread

QUIZ


A few measuring tools1

A Few Measuring Tools

Rulers, tapes, and squares.

RULER

Measuring Tape

T Square

QUIZ


A few alignment tools1

A Few Alignment Tools

These are necessary for determining when pipes are level and plumb.

Level

Plumb Bob

Plumb – Exactly vertical

QUIZ


A few marking tools1

A Few Marking Tools

Pencils, chalk lines, compasses, and dividers.

Pencil

Compass

QUIZ


A few cutting tools1

A Few Cutting Tools

Various saws, files, chisels, snips, and pipe cutters.

Chisel

File

QUIZ


A few reaming and threading tools1

A Few Reaming and Threading Tools

Used for work on metal pipes. Reaming the end of a pipe removes the burrs caused by cutting.

QUIZ


Wrenches1

Wrenches

Adjustable Wrench

Pipe Wrench

QUIZ


Valves1

Valves

Devices that control the flow of water in the water supply system.

They are installed at certain places on the lines so that water can be shut off easily.

QUIZ


Faucets1

Faucets

Valves that permit controlled amounts of water as needed for use in a building.

They deliver water to sinks, showers, and bathtubs, but can also deliver water to a hose or bucket.

QUIZ


Fixtures1

Fixtures

Water-using devices such as sinks, bathtubs, urinals, stools, or showers.

They are attached to the plumbing system and receive water from the supply system.

QUIZ


For a slow drain1

For a slow drain…….

Use chemical cleaners, such as Drano to solve the problem.

Be careful, these kind of chemicals are dangerous and can make you very sick or even kill you if they are not used properly!!

QUIZ


For more serious clogs1

For more serious clogs…..

You may use a plunger, a snake, or a closet auger.

Plungers apply pressure to the clog

Augers and snakes reach and dislodge the obstruction.

QUIZ


Instructions

This concludes the Plumbing Quiz!!Please raise your hand and the teacher will collect your completed quiz.


Instructions

The Portable Toilet

It goes wherever you gotta go!!!!

Sources

Standards


Sources

Sources:

Wagner, W.H., & Smith, H.B. (2003). Modern Carpentry, Building Construction Details in Eay-To-Understand Form. Goodheart Willcox Company, Inc., IL: Tinley Park.

Plumbing Systems Photograph

Integrated Publishing. Retrieved November 1, 2003, from http://www.infodotinc.com/blueprintreading/23.htm

Symbols Page

American Technologies. Retrieved November 1, 2003, from http://www.americantech.net/pdf/PLUSYM.pdf

Plumbing Symbols and Photographs of Tools

Drafting Supplies. Retrieved November 1, 2003, from http://www.draftingsupplies.com/t-9383a2.gif

Thomas Crapper and Portable Toilet Photograph

The Plumber. Retrieved on November 1, 2003, from www.theplumber.com/crapper.html

Standards


Standards for technological literacy

Standards for Technological Literacy:

Standard 5: Students will develop an understanding of the effects of technology on the environment.

Standard 4: Students will develop an understanding of the cultural, social, economic, and political effects of technology.


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