J r r tolkien
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J.R.R Tolkien. Father of the Modern High Fantasy Genre. Childhood & Youth. John Ronald Reuel Tolkien was born in Bloemfontein, South Africa, on January 3 rd , 1892 His father died in 1896 and his mother moved him and his brother, Hilary, to the West Midlands of England

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J.R.R Tolkien

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J r r tolkien

J.R.R Tolkien

Father of the Modern High Fantasy Genre


Childhood youth

Childhood & Youth

  • John Ronald Reuel Tolkien was born in Bloemfontein, South Africa, on January 3rd, 1892

  • His father died in 1896 and his mother moved him and his brother, Hilary, to the West Midlands of England

  • He was sent to school in Birmingham at King Edward’s School

  • His mother converted to Roman Catholicism and Tolkien remained a devout Catholic his whole life

  • His mother died from diabetes in1904

  • Tolkien and his brother were left in the care of Father Francis Morgan


Childhood youth1

Childhood & Youth

  • He was very gifted in languages and by the age of 12 had already mastered Latin, Greek, Gothic and Finnish

  • He made up his own languages for fun

  • He met and fell in love with a woman named Edith Bratt but was forbidden by Father Morgan to see her until he was 21

  • He went to Exeter College, oxford in 1911 and obtained degrees in “Honor Moderations” and later “English Language and Literature”

  • Edith Bratt converted to Catholicism and they picked up their relationship where it left off


War academia

War & Academia

  • When war broke out, Tolkien returned to Oxford instead of joining up right away

  • He finished his first language, “Qenya” which was similar to Finnish

  • Tolkien enlisted as a second lieutenant

  • Before he left for France, he and Edith married in the Warwick countryside in March of 1916

  • He came down with “trench-fever” and was sent back to England after 4 months

  • In 1917, he was promoted to lieutenant


War academia1

War & Academia

  • In 1918, he was appointed to Assistant Lexicographer for the preparation of the “Oxford English Dictionary”

  • In 1920, he became an Associate Professor in English Language at the University of Leeds

  • He continued to work on, The Book of Lost Tales

  • In 1925, Tolkien secured Rawlinson and Bosworth Professorship of Anglo-Saxon at Oxford


The reuel tolkien family

The Reuel/Tolkien Family

  • In 1917, Tolkien’s 1st son, John Francis Reuel was born

  • Edith gave birth to 2 more sons, Michael Hilary Reuel in 1920, and Christopher Reuel in 1924

  • In 1929, Tolkien’s only daughter, Priscilla, was born

  • His son John entered the priesthood, while his sons Michael and Christopher joined the Royal Air Force and later became professors and Priscilla became a social worker


Professor tolkien the inklings

Professor Tolkien & The Inklings

  • In 1945, Tolkien got the Merton Professorship of English Language and Literature, which he kept until his retirement in 1959

  • Tolkien founded a group of friends called, “The Inklings”

  • C.S. Lewis was among the members of The Inklings and Tolkien is credited with Lewis’ return to Christianity

  • The Inklings met regularly for conversation, drinking and readings of their works-in-progress


The storyteller

The Storyteller

  • One day when grading his student’s exams, he found a blank page with only the phrase, “In a hole in the ground there lived a hobbit”.

  • The Hobbit was published in 1937 and was an immediate success

  • He presented Quenta Silmarillion to his publisher but they requested a sequel to The Hobbit instead

  • This developed into The Lord of the Rings


The cult

The Cult

  • In 1965, LOTR was printed in a pirated paperback version and alerted millions of Americans to its existence

  • By1968, LOTR had become the bible for “Alternative Society”

  • Tolkien was flattered but disapproved of his work and LSD being experienced at the same time

  • Fans came to stand outside of his house and called him at 3AM to ask him trivia questions about LOTR

  • Due to Tolkien’s success, the genre of fantasy literature had been revived and inspired


Other works

Other Works

  • Scholarly Essays

    • The Monsters & the Critics

  • The Adventures of Tom Bombadil

  • Translations:

    • Ancrene Wisse

    • Sir Gawain

    • Sir Orfeo

    • The Pearl

  • The Legendarium

    • Imram

    • Farmer Giles of Ham

    • Leaf by NIggle

    • Smith of Wootton Major

  • The Silmarillion

  • Unfinished Tales of Numenor and Middle-Earth

  • The Book of Lost Tales

  • History of Middle-Earth

  • The Peoples of Middle-earth


Retirement

Retirement

  • Tolkien retired in 1959

  • Edith and Tolkien moved to Bournemouth

  • Edith died on November 22, 1971

  • Tolkien returned to Oxford and moved into rooms provided by Merton College

  • Tolkien died on September 2, 1973

  • He and Edith are buried together in a single grave in the Catholic section of Wolvercote cemetery in the suburbs of Oxford


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