1198 Innocent III (p. 1198-1216) calls for
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1198 Innocent III (p. 1198-1216) calls for new Crusade Fourth Crusade PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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1198 Innocent III (p. 1198-1216) calls for new Crusade Fourth Crusade 1202 Crusaders gather at Venice 1204 Crusaders take Constantinople, set up Latin Empire there (until 1261). Map Link: Fourth Crusade: < http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-H1RtD269aNQ/TiNDMh-mZSI/

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1198 Innocent III (p. 1198-1216) calls for new Crusade Fourth Crusade

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1198 innocent iii p 1198 1216 calls for new crusade fourth crusade

1198 Innocent III (p. 1198-1216) calls for

new Crusade

Fourth Crusade

1202 Crusaders gather at Venice

1204 Crusaders take Constantinople, set up

Latin Empire there (until 1261)


1198 innocent iii p 1198 1216 calls for new crusade fourth crusade

Map Link: Fourth Crusade:

<http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-H1RtD269aNQ/TiNDMh-mZSI/

AAAAAAAAAB0/tilkVb3Bvn8/s1600/Map+of+the+

fourth+crusade.gif>


1198 innocent iii p 1198 1216 calls for new crusade fourth crusade

1218 Forces of Fifth Crusade attack Egypt,

take Damietta (in 1219)

1221 Muslims defeat Crusaders

Al-Kamil (r. 1218-38)


1198 innocent iii p 1198 1216 calls for new crusade fourth crusade

Map Link: Fifth Crusade:

<http://domin.dom.edu/faculty/dperry/hist267crusade/calendar/

13thcentury/images/nile.jpg>


1198 innocent iii p 1198 1216 calls for new crusade fourth crusade

1215 Frederick II (Holy Roman Emperor,

1215-50), takes crusading vow, but

delays and is excommunicated

1226 Al-Kamil contacts Frederick

1228 Frederick arrives in Holy Land


1198 innocent iii p 1198 1216 calls for new crusade fourth crusade

Feb 1229 Frederick II negotiates the handover

of Jerusalem with al-Kamil

Dome of the RockAqsa Mosque

17/3/1229 Frederick II crowns self king in

Jerusalem

1244 Turks take Jerusalem


1198 innocent iii p 1198 1216 calls for new crusade fourth crusade

Map Link: Frederick II’s Crusade (shaded areas):

<http://www.studenthandouts.com/photo_gallery/

Maps/MiddleAges-2.jpg>


1198 innocent iii p 1198 1216 calls for new crusade fourth crusade

June 1249Louis IX of France (r. 1226-70)

takes Damietta. Al-Salih (r. 1240-9) dies,

but wife Shajar al-Durr conceals his death

Feb 1250 Muslims defeat Crusaders, capture

Louis IX and temporarily hold him prisoner

May 1250 Mamluk takeover in Egypt (rule

until 1517)

1260 Mamluks complete conquest of Syria


1198 innocent iii p 1198 1216 calls for new crusade fourth crusade

Map Links:

Louis IX in Egypt:

<http://domin.dom.edu/faculty/dperry/hist267crusade/calendar/

13thcentury/louis/images/map-louis.jpg>

The Mamluk Takeover:

<http://www.mideastweb.org/Middle-East-Encyclopedia/

mameluke_empire_map.jpg>


1198 innocent iii p 1198 1216 calls for new crusade fourth crusade

1268 Mamluks take Antioch

1289 Mamluks take Tripoli

1291 Mamluks take Acre


1198 innocent iii p 1198 1216 calls for new crusade fourth crusade

Map Link: Mamluk Sultanate (after Conquests):

<http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_NfsdvUxYGkI/SlYDtsdM_FI/

AAAAAAAANgE/A4kTQM7MgAg/s400/Mamluks.JPG>


1198 innocent iii p 1198 1216 calls for new crusade fourth crusade

Criticism of crusading:

Innocent III directing Crusades against

pagans, heretics (incl. Albigensians,

1209-29), but also political opponents

Alternatives: Children’s Crusade (1212),

Shepherds’Crusade (1251)

Blame of military orders

Objections to taxation (e.g. Saladin Tithe)


1198 innocent iii p 1198 1216 calls for new crusade fourth crusade

Attempts at conversion; e.g. 1219 St Francis

of Assisi (1182-1226) preaches to

al-Kamil


1198 innocent iii p 1198 1216 calls for new crusade fourth crusade

Impact of the Crusades:

On bureaucracies

On women

On Jews

On trade and exploration

On the Muslim world


1198 innocent iii p 1198 1216 calls for new crusade fourth crusade

St John Ambulance Foundation

Order of the Hospital of St John of Jerusalem

Knights Hospitaller

22nd July 2011 Anders Behring Breivik kills

77 people in Norway in name of “Knights

Templar Europe”


1198 innocent iii p 1198 1216 calls for new crusade fourth crusade

George W. Bush: “This crusade, this war on

terrorism is going to take a while.”

(16th Sept 2001)

19th c. First histories of Crusades in

Middle East

Usama ibn Ladin (Osama bin Laden,

d. 2011)


1198 innocent iii p 1198 1216 calls for new crusade fourth crusade

Robert of Clari (c. 1180-after 1216)

Poor knight on Fourth Crusade - eyewitness

Aims to instruct

Generally regarded as critical of leaders

of the Crusade


1198 innocent iii p 1198 1216 calls for new crusade fourth crusade

Nicetas Choniates

(btw. 1155 and 1160-c. 1217)

Byzantine statesman and historian

Studied in Constantinople. Reached high rank

in state administration

Emigrated to Nicea after Fourth Crusade


1198 innocent iii p 1198 1216 calls for new crusade fourth crusade

Nicetas Choniates

(btw. 1155 and 1160-c. 1217)

Chronike Diegesis (chronicle covering

1118-1207)

Eyewitness account, but with strong bias

(of course)


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