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Empires of the Fertile Crescent . * The movement of people across the Fertile Crescent resulted in the change of ideas. Sumerian Civilization. The Fertile Crescent gave rise to the Sumerian civilization in the Tigris-Euphrates Valley

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sumerian civilization
Sumerian Civilization
  • The Fertile Crescent gave rise to the Sumerian civilization in the Tigris-Euphrates Valley
    • Rivers: Tigris & Euphrates
sumerian civilization1
Sumerian Civilization
  • Sumerian Writing
    • Cuneiform: earliest known form of writing (symbol-based)
sumerian civilization2
Sumerian Civilization
  • Architecture and Science
    • Ziggurats – wedding cake-shaped temples
    • First to develop and use the wheel
    • Math- 60
sumerian civilization3
Sumerian Civilization
  • City-State: included a town or city and the surrounding land controlled by it.
  • Religion:
    • Believed in a shadowy lower world afterlife
empires of the fertile crescent1
Empires of the Fertile Crescent
  • Akkadians
    • Sargon of Akkad- had first empire in Sumeria
empires of the fertile crescent2
Empires of the Fertile Crescent
  • Babylonians

i. Code of Hammurabi

- 1st major collection of laws

empires of the fertile crescent3
Empires of the Fertile Crescent
  • Hittites: Invaders that had iron technology
  • Assyrians: Most feared warriors of Sumeria
    • Kings control through

a harsh code of justice

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Empires of the Fertile Crescent
  • Chaldeans
    • Nebuchadnezzar
      • Ruthless king who encouraged Babylonian learning he received from the Assyrians
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Empires of the Fertile Crescent
  • Persians
    • Cyrus the Great
      • Captured Babylon in 539 BC & freed the Jews from captivity
      • Darius
        • United Persian Empire
culture
Culture
  • Religion
    • Zoroaster: a Sumerian prophet that taught that evil and righteousness were in constant battle
culture1
Culture
  • Farming
    • More difficult than Egypt because the flooding was unpredictable
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