Horn and trumpet pedagogy
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Horn and Trumpet Pedagogy. ISU Summer Band Director’s Workshop David W. Snyder. Horn Equipment. Double vs Single Horns Switch as soon as possible Good brands Conn 8-D (Vintage)- $6500 Conn 8-D -$4169 Holton 179 or 180- $3979 Yamaha 667-$4091. Horn Equipment Problems.

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Horn and Trumpet Pedagogy

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Horn and trumpet pedagogy

Horn and Trumpet Pedagogy

ISU Summer Band Director’s Workshop

David W. Snyder


Horn equipment

Horn Equipment

  • Double vs Single Horns

    • Switch as soon as possible

  • Good brands

    • Conn 8-D (Vintage)- $6500

    • Conn 8-D -$4169

    • Holton 179 or 180- $3979

    • Yamaha 667-$4091


Horn equipment problems

Horn Equipment Problems

  • Stuck valves and tuning slides

    • Penetrating oil

    • Move valve arm on back rotor

  • Oil valves at the rotors NOT the tuning slides

  • Water


Holding position and posture problems

Holding Position and Posture Problems

  • Student reaching up or down to lead pipe

    • It’s not a saxophone!

    • Lead pipe should angle slightly down from embouchure (should follow angle of the bite)

    • Adjust right leg height

  • Bell pointed in towards stomach

  • Playing off the leg?

    • Hand brace is helpful

    • RH is at 3:00 position

    • Horn rests on thumb and knuckle of 1st finger


Right hand position problems

Right Hand Position Problems

  • Hand blocks the bell

  • Hand not in the bell at all

  • Hand in wrong position

    • Hand should be slightly cupped; fingers together

    • Hand should be at “4:00” position

    • Knuckles should be where the flare of the bell gets wide


Right hand position correct

Right Hand Position (correct)


Right hand position incorrect

Right Hand Position (incorrect)


Embouchure problems

Embouchure Problems

  • Too much upper or lower lip in mouthpiece

    • Should be 2/3 top…1/3 bottom

    • Angle

  • Teeth too closed

    • Results in tight sound

  • Tongue to high in mouth

    • Results in closed / tight sound

  • Think “Aah”

    • Imagine a golf ball inside the mouth


Air problems

Air Problems

  • Breath deep and use MORE air all of the time!

  • Paper exercise to teach support

    • Up close for low range

    • Farther away for high range


Tuning problems

Tuning Problems

  • You need to know what slide controls what notes

    • Main tuning slide is always the first slide off the lead pipe

    • The F side tuning slide is the other one in back

    • Not all double horns have a Bb side tuning slide (Conn/Geyer/Yamaha 667 don’t)

    • Bb side valve slides should be pulled proportionally less

  • Tuning both sides

    • Use a written 3rd space C to get the sides in agreement

  • Right hand

    • More covered…flatter

    • More open…sharper


Special techniques

Special Techniques

  • Stopped horn

    • +,Gestopft, bouche’

    • Finger the note a ½ step lower than written on the F side

    • Smaller hands may be able to finger a ½ higher on the F side

    • Don’t shove the right hand in farther… “close the door”

    • Stopped mutes ($40-55)

  • Lip trills

    • Should be used in all Mozart horn concertos

    • C to D can both be played open on the F side


Stopped horn correct

Stopped Horn(Correct)


Resources

Resources

  • Two articles by me out there with pictures…

    • SBOMagazine, July 2009

    • Instrumentalist Magazine, November 2007

    • Can access these on my website at: www.cfa.ilstu.edu/dsnyder/news


Trumpet equipment

Trumpet Equipment

  • Cornet vs Trumpet for beginners

    • Yamaha

    • Shepherd’s crook

  • Good HS instruments

    • Bach Stradivarius trumpets ($2600-2800)


Trumpet equipment problems

Trumpet Equipment Problems

  • Stuck valves

    • Loosen valve cap NOT valve stem

    • Oil the piston NOT the spring

    • Make sure piston is being pushed straight down

  • Third valve ring

    • Make sure they have one!


Holding position and posture problems1

Holding Position and Posture Problems

  • Lead pipe angle should match teeth…

    • In most cases, lead pipe should angle slightly down from embouchure (should follow angle of the bite)

    • Coffee stirrer

  • …or bottom jaw should move out to line up teeth

  • Left hand

    • Make sure 3rd slide ring is adjusted to fit grip of students

  • Right hand

    • fingers should be curved like “C”

    • Thumb should rest in between 1st and 2nd valve


Embouchure problems1

Embouchure Problems

  • Too much upper or lower lip

    • Should be half and half

  • Teeth too closed

    • Results in tight sound

  • Tongue to high in mouth

    • Results in closed / tight sound

  • Tongue position for different ranges

    • Oh(low), ah(middle), eeh(high)


Tuning problems1

Tuning Problems

  • You need to know pitch tendencies

    • 1-3 (D) and 123 (C#) are sharp (use 3rd slide ring and 1st slide saddle)

    • Fourth space E (5th partial) and fourth line D are flat

    • Top space G (6th partial) is sharp

  • Upper register

    • Young players pinch causing them to go sharp

    • Drop the jaw to open up sound and drop pitch


Special techniques1

Special Techniques

  • Mutes

    • Different types

    • Match brands if possible

  • Different mouthpieces

    • Use deeper cup mouthpiece for darker sounds

    • Use a flugel mouthpiece with a flugel horn!

  • Range

    • Start doing lip slurs from the beginning (see hand out)

  • Multiple tonguing

    • Use t-k-t or d-g-d for fast triplets


What else

What else?…

  • Questions?

  • Contact me at [email protected]


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