Horn and trumpet pedagogy
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Horn and Trumpet Pedagogy. ISU Summer Band Director’s Workshop David W. Snyder. Horn Equipment. Double vs Single Horns Switch as soon as possible Good brands Conn 8-D (Vintage)- $6500 Conn 8-D -$4169 Holton 179 or 180- $3979 Yamaha 667-$4091. Horn Equipment Problems.

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Horn and Trumpet Pedagogy

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Horn and Trumpet Pedagogy

ISU Summer Band Director’s Workshop

David W. Snyder


Horn Equipment

  • Double vs Single Horns

    • Switch as soon as possible

  • Good brands

    • Conn 8-D (Vintage)- $6500

    • Conn 8-D -$4169

    • Holton 179 or 180- $3979

    • Yamaha 667-$4091


Horn Equipment Problems

  • Stuck valves and tuning slides

    • Penetrating oil

    • Move valve arm on back rotor

  • Oil valves at the rotors NOT the tuning slides

  • Water


Holding Position and Posture Problems

  • Student reaching up or down to lead pipe

    • It’s not a saxophone!

    • Lead pipe should angle slightly down from embouchure (should follow angle of the bite)

    • Adjust right leg height

  • Bell pointed in towards stomach

  • Playing off the leg?

    • Hand brace is helpful

    • RH is at 3:00 position

    • Horn rests on thumb and knuckle of 1st finger


Right Hand Position Problems

  • Hand blocks the bell

  • Hand not in the bell at all

  • Hand in wrong position

    • Hand should be slightly cupped; fingers together

    • Hand should be at “4:00” position

    • Knuckles should be where the flare of the bell gets wide


Right Hand Position (correct)


Right Hand Position (incorrect)


Embouchure Problems

  • Too much upper or lower lip in mouthpiece

    • Should be 2/3 top…1/3 bottom

    • Angle

  • Teeth too closed

    • Results in tight sound

  • Tongue to high in mouth

    • Results in closed / tight sound

  • Think “Aah”

    • Imagine a golf ball inside the mouth


Air Problems

  • Breath deep and use MORE air all of the time!

  • Paper exercise to teach support

    • Up close for low range

    • Farther away for high range


Tuning Problems

  • You need to know what slide controls what notes

    • Main tuning slide is always the first slide off the lead pipe

    • The F side tuning slide is the other one in back

    • Not all double horns have a Bb side tuning slide (Conn/Geyer/Yamaha 667 don’t)

    • Bb side valve slides should be pulled proportionally less

  • Tuning both sides

    • Use a written 3rd space C to get the sides in agreement

  • Right hand

    • More covered…flatter

    • More open…sharper


Special Techniques

  • Stopped horn

    • +,Gestopft, bouche’

    • Finger the note a ½ step lower than written on the F side

    • Smaller hands may be able to finger a ½ higher on the F side

    • Don’t shove the right hand in farther… “close the door”

    • Stopped mutes ($40-55)

  • Lip trills

    • Should be used in all Mozart horn concertos

    • C to D can both be played open on the F side


Stopped Horn(Correct)


Resources

  • Two articles by me out there with pictures…

    • SBOMagazine, July 2009

    • Instrumentalist Magazine, November 2007

    • Can access these on my website at: www.cfa.ilstu.edu/dsnyder/news


Trumpet Equipment

  • Cornet vs Trumpet for beginners

    • Yamaha

    • Shepherd’s crook

  • Good HS instruments

    • Bach Stradivarius trumpets ($2600-2800)


Trumpet Equipment Problems

  • Stuck valves

    • Loosen valve cap NOT valve stem

    • Oil the piston NOT the spring

    • Make sure piston is being pushed straight down

  • Third valve ring

    • Make sure they have one!


Holding Position and Posture Problems

  • Lead pipe angle should match teeth…

    • In most cases, lead pipe should angle slightly down from embouchure (should follow angle of the bite)

    • Coffee stirrer

  • …or bottom jaw should move out to line up teeth

  • Left hand

    • Make sure 3rd slide ring is adjusted to fit grip of students

  • Right hand

    • fingers should be curved like “C”

    • Thumb should rest in between 1st and 2nd valve


Embouchure Problems

  • Too much upper or lower lip

    • Should be half and half

  • Teeth too closed

    • Results in tight sound

  • Tongue to high in mouth

    • Results in closed / tight sound

  • Tongue position for different ranges

    • Oh(low), ah(middle), eeh(high)


Tuning Problems

  • You need to know pitch tendencies

    • 1-3 (D) and 123 (C#) are sharp (use 3rd slide ring and 1st slide saddle)

    • Fourth space E (5th partial) and fourth line D are flat

    • Top space G (6th partial) is sharp

  • Upper register

    • Young players pinch causing them to go sharp

    • Drop the jaw to open up sound and drop pitch


Special Techniques

  • Mutes

    • Different types

    • Match brands if possible

  • Different mouthpieces

    • Use deeper cup mouthpiece for darker sounds

    • Use a flugel mouthpiece with a flugel horn!

  • Range

    • Start doing lip slurs from the beginning (see hand out)

  • Multiple tonguing

    • Use t-k-t or d-g-d for fast triplets


What else?…

  • Questions?

  • Contact me at [email protected]


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