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The Great war. What should I know?. The FOUR long term causes of the War The major countries on each side The IMMEDIATE cause of the war. Central Powers (aka Triple Alliance):. Germany Austria Hungary Turkey/Ottoman Empire. Allied Powers (aka Triple Entente):. Great Britain France

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The Great war

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The Great war


What should I know?

  • The FOUR long term causes of the War

  • The major countries on each side

  • The IMMEDIATE cause of the war


Central Powers (aka Triple Alliance):

  • Germany

  • Austria Hungary

  • Turkey/Ottoman

    Empire


Allied Powers (aka Triple Entente):

  • Great Britain

  • France

  • Russia

  • Belgium

  • Others…


Trench Warfare


Trench Warfare


Trench Warfare


Trench Warfare


Trench Warfare


Trench Warfare


Trench Warfare


“No Mans Land”


Trench Foot


What should I know?

  • From Thurs/Friday…

  • A description of fighting conditions on the front lines and in the trenches of WW1.

  • New technologies were used in WW1 and how they changed the war.


What should I know?

  • Reasons the United States joined WW1

  • Reasons why the United States joined the Allied Powers

  • ANIMALZ+D


American Loans (in millions)


American Loans & Supplies


Ships Sunk 1916-1917


Ships Sunk 1917-1918


  • Which nations vessels were threatened in this newspaper article?

  • What was the purpose of this news paper article?


Lusitania


Zimmerman Telegram


FROM 2nd from London # 5747.

"We intend to begin on the first of February unrestricted submarine warfare. We shall endeavor in spite of this to keep the United States of America neutral. In the event of this not succeeding, we make Mexico a proposal of alliance on the following basis: make war together, make peace together, generous financial support and an understanding on our part that Mexico is to reconquer the lost territory in Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona. The settlement in detail is left to you. You will inform the President of the above most secretly as soon as the outbreak of war with the United States of America is certain and add the suggestion that he should, on his own initiative, invite Japan to immediate adherence and at the same time mediate between Japan and ourselves. Please call the President's attention to the fact that the ruthless employment of our submarines now offers the prospect of compelling England in a few months to make peace."

Signed, ZIMMERMANN


What should I know?

  • How the United States raised an army


Advertise: Britain:


Advertise: Britain:


Advertise: Germany


Advertise: Germany


Advertise United States:


Advertise United States:


Advertise United States:


Advertise United States:


Advertise United States:


Advertise England


“Huns Kill Women and Children!”


“Over There”


Navy Recruitment poster


Draft advertisements:


Draft advertisements:


Draft advertisements:


Trench Story Qs

  • What phrase does Pvt Everton repeat to himself?

  • What does Pvt Everton do when he goes into the trenches?

  • What clue do the Germans have that the Hotwaters are going to attack?

  • What do the Germans do when the Hotwaters invade their trench?


Trench Story Qs

  • Imagine you are a French or British soldier on the front line. Write a short letter to an incoming American explaining what they should expect.

  • Your letter should be 3 para @ 3 sen each

    • DON’T REPEAT THE SAME THINGS

    • Each paragraph should have its own topic

    • Check out page 376 for help if you need it


Consider…

  • US Army Budget increased

    • $377,941 -------------> $4,869,955

  • US Navy Budget

    • $239,633 -------------> $1,278,840

  • What things will the military need to purchase in order to train and equip soldiers then send them to Europe?

  • Make a list of the top 15 items the military needs to purchase


What should I know?

  • 4 organizations that were used to organize the U.S. war effort

  • How the war was paid for


War Industries Board

  • Urged manufacturers to use mass production techniques and increase efficiency

    • Prices were controlled on a wholesale level but not for individuals. What happened because of this?


National War Labor Board

  • Settled labor disputes

  • Also worked for 8 hour day, safety, child labor ban


Food Administration

  • Urged families to conserve for the war effort

  • Wheat less Wednesdays

  • Meatless Tuesdays

  • Food will win the war

  • Farmers planted Victory Gardens


Committee on Public Information

  • Public speakers urging Americans to make sacrifices for freedom and democracy

  • Government hired 75,000 speakers called “four minute men”


Liberty Bonds:

  • Citizens would lend money to the government to pay for the war.

  • Raised over 21$ billion, over half of what it spent on the war


Did you know…

  • Daylight saving time was created during WWI

  • Why would this be done?


What should I know?

  • Explain the effect the Great War had on civil liberties


  • Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.


  • Whoever, when the United States is at war, shall willfully make or convey false reports of false statements with intent to interfere with the operation or success of the military or naval forces of the United States or to promote the success of its enemies and whoever when the United States is at war, shall willfully cause or attempt to cause insubordination, disloyalty, mutiny, refusal of duty, in the military or naval forces of the United States, or shall willfully obstruct the recruiting or enlistment service of the United States, shall be punished by a fine of not more than $10,000 or imprisonment for not more than twenty years, or both.


What should I know?

  • Changes the war had on African Americans and women.


What should I know?

  • A description of Wilson’s Fourteen Points

  • Why American’s feared the League of Nations

  • What Europeans used Versailles for


DEATHS

  • Allies – 9.4 million

    • 6 mil troops, 3.4 mil civilian

    • 1% of total population

    • US – 117,000 deaths, .13%

    • Serbia 16% of population

  • Central Powers

    • 4 mil troops, 3 mil civilian

    • 5% of total pop

    • Ottoman Empire loses 14% of pop


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