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Pre-Op Knee Information. Welcome!. Goals. Inform the patient about what to expect… Before Surgery During Surgery After Surgery. Goals. Reduce anxiety Answer questions Help you become better-prepared. Sections. Nursing Case Management Physical Therapy Occupational Therapy.

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Presentation Transcript
goals
Goals

Inform the patient about what to expect…

  • Before Surgery
  • During Surgery
  • After Surgery
goals1
Goals
  • Reduce anxiety
  • Answer questions
  • Help you become better-prepared
sections
Sections

Nursing

Case Management

Physical Therapy

Occupational Therapy

we care about you
We Care About You!!!

In an effort to personalize your care while in the hospital, please let us know of any needs ahead of time

Please complete the enclosed “Care Card” and forward it to the Patient Navigator at the end of class

what to bring
What To Bring
  • List of medications and allergies
  • Glasses, hearing aids, dentures
  • Toiletry items
    • Toothbrush
    • Toothpaste
  • Flat, supportive, non-slip walking shoes (with a backing)
  • Incontinence products (you may prefer a specific product not provided by hospital)
what to bring1
What To Bring
  • Night clothes/pajamas, loose clothing
  • Books, magazines, hobby items
while in surgery
While in surgery…
  • CHG wipes will be used to cleanse and disinfect the surgical site before surgery begins
  • CHG reduces bacterial growth on the body
  • CHG will help reduce the chance of infection following surgery
orientation to room
Orientation To Room

Call bell

TV Controls/Volume

Thermostat

oxygen
Oxygen
  • Used a short time
  • Let us know if you have sleep apnea or use oxygen or CPAP at home
iv or intravenous therapy
IV or Intravenous Therapy
  • May have one or two lines
  • Fluids-body water, blood, antibiotics, pain medication
  • Will leave it in until discharge
dressings and drains
Dressings and Drains
  • Large dressing initially
  • Drains and dressings removed 1st or second day after surgery
  • Dressing will be

changed

foley catheter to drain urine
Foley Catheter To Drain Urine
  • Stays in no longer than 2 days
  • Helps to keep track of fluid balance
  • Good initially when not moving well
  • Put in after you are asleep
  • Does not hurt to come out
pca p atient c ontrolled a nalgesia
PCA - Patient Controlled Analgesia
  • “Pain Button”
  • Administer to self
  • Close monitoring
  • NO ONE IS TO PUSH THE BUTTON EXCEPT THE PATIENT!!!

***Please ask your surgeon if this is an option for you

femoral nerve block catheter some surgeons prefer not to use this
Femoral Nerve Block/Catheter***Some surgeons prefer not to use this***
  • Numbs the front part of the leg from the groin to the knee
  • Stays in about two days
  • May cause you to have a “noodle leg”
  • Need to wear a knee

immobilizer while standing

or walking

knee immobilizer
Knee Immobilizer
  • May wear when out of bed if you have a nerve block/catheter (dependent on your Therapist)
  • May also wear at night to remind you to keep the leg straight
  • Used for safety reasons

Note: You may or may not walk with the knee immobilizer on while exercising with a Therapist. However, you should

ALWAYS continue to wear it with Nursing until

you are able to do a full straight leg raise (with no

bend at the knee)

slide21

Cryotherapy - “Polar Care” Device**Some surgeons prefer to use ice instead of the Polar Care Device****Some surgeons may choose not to use the Polar Care Device or ice**

  • For total knee patients
  • Sends a cold signal to the brain to help with pain management
  • Helps with pain and

swelling

  • You take this home

with you (if it is ordered by your surgeon)

cpm machine some surgeons prefer not to use this
CPM Machine***Some surgeons prefer not to use this***
  • Continuous Passive Motion machine
  • May be used for total knee patients (if ordered)
  • Passively bends knee while in bed
medications
Medications
  • Different color and number
  • Always ask nurse what meds are for
  • “Combination medications” that you may take at home may be given as separate pills while in the hospital
rating pain
Rating Pain
  • 0 to 10 pain scale
  • Pain patterns
    • Mechanical Pain
    • Surgical Pain
know the zone
Our staff will make every effort to help control your pain

We will automatically give you pain medication around the clock

We ask that you partner with us and ask for additional pain medicine if needed

Alternative pain options may be used such as cold therapy and distraction

Our goal is to keep you in the 3-4 Pain Zone (or less)

Know the Zone!
preventing pneumonia
Preventing Pneumonia
  • Incentive Spirometer
    • Breathe in 10-12 times an hour

while awake

    • Helps to expand air sacs in lungs
preventing blood clots
Preventing Blood Clots
  • Medication (“Blood Thinners”)
  • “Calf/Foot Pumps”
  • Walking and Exercising
coumadin and lovenox please check with your surgeon as to which blood thinner will be prescribed
Coumadin and Lovenox***Please check with your surgeon as to which blood thinner will be prescribed***
  • Will help to prevent blood

clots from forming

  • Will need to learn how to

take these medications safely

  • Will need to watch a video
compression devices
Compression Devices
  • Foot or calf pumps
  • Help to push the blood back into circulation
  • Wear them when you are in bed or in the chair
walking and exercising
Walking and Exercising
  • Helps to prevent blood

clots from forming

  • Exercise in and out of bed
  • Ankle circles, foot pumps,

tightening leg muscles

slide31
Diet
  • Initial diet is typically clear liquid unless otherwise designated by your physician
  • Diet will advance as tolerated
  • Constipation
    • High fiber
    • Increase activity
    • Fluids
  • Nausea
call for help
Call for Help
  • Never get out of bed or chair unless you call for assistance
  • Call as soon as possible.
  • Try to ask for help when a staff

member is already in the room.

condition h help
Condition H (Help)
  • Dial 3111 and give room number
  • Gives family and friends a way to call a Medical Emergency team to the bedside
  • Call if…
    • You notice a change in your loved one’s condition
    • You still have serious concerns about your loved one’s condition after speaking to the healthcare team
sleep
Sleep
  • Dial L.O.U.D. (5683) on phone if sleep disturbed
    • Anonymous call
  • TIGR TV Channels
    • Relaxation/Meditation channels
  • Comfort Cart
case management
Case Management

Joan Paramore RN

Case Manager

(919) 954-3878

discharge plan
Discharge Plan

Goal: To get you home safely!!!

discharge plan1
Discharge Plan
  • Everyone is assigned a Case Manager who will usually meet with you the day after surgery
  • Average Length of Stay: 2-4 nights
    • That means you should be ready for discharge around the 2nd, 3rd, or 4th day after surgery
discharge
Discharge

Please remember that once the Physician has written orders to discharge you home, there are still many things that have to be completed before you will be leaving the hospital. We want to make sure you have everything you need-prescriptions, home health or rehab arrangements, and information about your home care.

Sometimes this process can take up to 4 or 5 hours. We know you’ll be eager to leave the hospital, and we want to be sure everything’s in place to ensure a smooth and safe transition.

discharge plan options home health
Discharge Plan Options:Home Health

You will choose agency (list provided)

  • RN (if on Coumadin)
  • Physical Therapy (2-3 times/wk)
  • Occupational Therapy (if ordered by Doctor)

***Your Case Manager will set up a Home Health Agency (of your choice) for you

discharge plan options home health1
Discharge Plan Options:Home Health

Equipment ordered…

  • Rolling Walker
  • Bedside Commode
  • CPM (if ordered by Doctor)

***Your Case Manager will order your equipment for you from an agency of your choice

discharge plan options short term rehab
Discharge Plan Options:Short-Term Rehab

If not safe to return home, Short-Term Rehab may be an option.

Based on…

1. Your insurance

2. How well you progress with Therapy

while in the hospital

discharge plan options short term rehab1
Discharge Plan Options:Short-Term Rehab

Two types of Rehab Facilities…

  • SNF: 1 to 3 hours of therapy/day

Average Length of Stay: 1-2 weeks-as needed

2. Acute: 3 to 5 hours of therapy/day

Average Length of Stay: 5 days

discharge plan options outpatient therapy
Discharge Plan Options:Outpatient Therapy
  • Usually set up after Home Health is completed
  • Rarely set up at time of discharge from hospital
discharge plan2
Discharge Plan

Transportation (depends on what is medically necessary)

  • Car
  • Wheelchair Van
    • Not covered by insurance
    • Cost: $55-$120
  • Ambulance
    • Covered by insurance if “medically necessary”

***Your Case Manager will set up your Wheelchair Van or Ambulance for you (if needed)

if you are going home
If You Are Going Home…

You may fill your prescriptions at our Plaza Pharmacy

(Located on the First Floor of the hospital)

  • Hours of Operation:
    • Mon-Fri (9:00AM-4:30PM)
    • (919) 954-3921

Use the Main Pharmacy on weekends or after 4:30PM (but make payment arrangements with Plaza Pharmacy

Mon-Fri 9:00AM to 4:30PM

treatment sessions
Treatment Sessions
  • Seven days/week
  • One or two sessions per day with the Therapist
  • Your therapeutic activity will also involve walking with Nursing staff
  • Typical treatment session
    • Post-op Days 1, 2, and 3
precautions
Precautions

Knee Replacement

  • Do not stay in one position for longer than an hour without standing up, walking a short distance, and straightening and bending your knee
  • Do not sleep or rest with a pillow or anything under your knee
  • Operated leg out in front while sitting or standing
homeward bound gym
Homeward Bound Gym
  • Stair training
  • Car transfer exercises
medical equipment
Medical Equipment
  • Walker
    • Proper use
  • Bedside Commode
    • Proper use
treatment
Treatment
  • Demonstration of equipment

***Knee patients rarely need this equipment at discharge. The Therapist will determine your specific needs.

    • Reacher
    • Sock aid
    • Bathing sponge
helpful tips
Helpful Tips
  • How to properly carry items in pockets and/or basket while driving a walker
  • Safety in the shower (have someone close by)
  • While at home prior to surgery, move low- and high-lying items to waist level

(i.e. in kitchen/bathroom cupboards, refrigerator)

  • Make arrangements to have appropriate-sized car available for your discharge
before surgery
Before Surgery…

Assess your home environment and let the Therapist know the following once you are in the hospital…

  • Tub/Shower (location, height, grab bars)
  • Number of steps (outside of home and upstairs)
  • Height of bed
assessment
Assessment

The following slides contain questions based on the Powerpoint.

question 1
Question 1

One risk of a blood thinner medication is:

___________?____________

answer
Answer

Increased bleeding

(Can also be increased bruising)

question 2
Question 2

You should call your Doctor immediately if you notice any sign of a blood clot.

Name a symptom of a blood clot in your leg:

_____________________

Name a symptom of a blood clot in your lung:

______________________

answer1
Answer

Leg: Pain in the back of the leg (usually in the calf, but can radiate throughout the leg)

Lung: Difficulty breathing (may also have a rapid heart rate)

question 3
Question 3

True or False

When standing up or sitting down, you should keep your operated leg slightly in front of your non-operated leg.

answer2
Answer

True

question 4
Question 4

True or False

When lying in bed, you should keep your operated knee in a straight position as much as possible. You should never place a pillow or rolled-up towel under the knee.

answer3
Answer

True

question 5
Question 5

Some pain is normal and expected after surgery, but the best way to keep your pain at a manageable level is to:

  • Take pain medication when it reaches a “5” on a “0 to 10 pain scale”
  • Take pain medication only when the pain is unbearable
  • Use medication as well as other methods to control pain. For example: ice, positioning, etc.
  • Try distracting yourself from the pain by watching television for an hour or two
answer4
Answer

3. Use medication as well as other methods to control pain. For example: ice, positioning, etc.

question 6
Question 6

The best and safest way to raise the height of a chair in your home is to:

  • Stack pillows on the chair
  • Stack folded blankets on the chair
  • Place a small book under each leg of the chair
  • Place two large telephone books on the chair
answer5
Answer

2. Stack folded blankets on the chair

question 7
Question 7

One side effect of pain medication is constipation. List 3 ways to prevent it:

answer6
Answer
  • Increase fiber
  • Increase fluids
  • Increase activity

You may also take a stool softener or laxative if needed.

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