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Kingdom Animalia. ~ Characteristics ~. Multi-cellular Eukaryotic with no cell walls Heterotrophs (consumers) motile. Characteristics Cont. Animal Movement. Most animals are capable of complex and relatively rapid movement compared to plants and other organisms. Animal Reproduction.

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Characteristics

~ Characteristics ~

Multi-cellular

Eukaryotic with no cell walls

Heterotrophs (consumers)

motile


Characteristics cont animal movement
Characteristics Cont.Animal Movement

  • Most animals are capable of complex and relatively rapid movement compared to plants and other organisms.


Animal reproduction
Animal Reproduction

  • Most animals reproduce sexually, by differentiated haploid cells (eggs & sperm).

  • Most animals are diploid, meaning that the cells of adults contain two copies of the genetic material.


In addition to characteristics of life
In addition toCharacteristics of Life

1. Living things are organized.

2. Living things are made up of cells.

3. Living things metabolize.

4. Living things maintain an internal environment.

5. Living things grow.

6. Living things respond.

7. Living things reproduce.

8. Living things evolve.


Animal sizes

a mesozoan

bluewhale

Animal Sizes

  • Animals range in size from no more than a few cells (like the mesozoans) to organisms weighing many tons (like the blue whale).


Animal habitats
Animal Habitats

  • Most animals inhabit the seas, with fewer in fresh water and even fewer on land.


Animal cells
Animal Cells

  • Animal cells, are eukaryotic

  • Animal cells lack the rigid cell walls that characterize plant cells.



Animal bodies
Animal Bodies

  • The bodies of most animals (all except sponges) are made up of cells organized into tissues.

  • Each tissue is specialized to perform specific functions.

    Cells->tissues->organs->organ sys >organism


Animal symmetry
Animal Symmetry

  • Describes how animal body structures are arranged

  • Allows animals to move in different ways

  • Cnidarians and echinoderms are radially symmetrical.

  • Most animals are bilaterally symmetrical.


Symmetry
Symmetry:

  • The most primitive

    animals are

    asymmetrical:

    No symmetry


Radial symmetry
Radial Symmetry

  • forms that can be divided into similar halves by more than two planes passing through it.

  • Animals with radial symmetry are usually sessile, free-floating, or weakly swimming.


Radial symmetry1
Radial Symmetry


Bilateral symmetry
Bilateral Symmetry

  • Animals with bilateral symmetry are most well-suited for directional movement.



Protection and support
~ Protection and Support ~

  • not all animals have a skeleton, divided into 2 groups:

    • exoskeleton – a hard, waxy coating on the outside of the body

    • endoskeleton – support framework within the body


Invertebrates
~Invertebrates~

  • No backbones

  • 95% of all animals are in this group


Invertebrate phylum porifera
~Invertebrate Phylum Porifera~

  • Sponges

  • simplest form of animal life

  • live in water

  • Do not move around

  • no symmetry

  • 5000 species


Invertebrate phylum porifera1
~Invertebrate Phylum Porifera~

  • Examples: Tube Sponge, Glass Sponge, Sea Sponge


Invertebrate phylum cnidaria
~Invertebrate Phylum Cnidaria~

  • Live in water

  • Most have tentacles

  • catch food with stinging cells

  • gut for digesting


Invertebrate phylum cnidaria1
~Invertebrate Phylum Cnidaria~

  • 2 different shapes

  • Medusa - like a jellyfish

  • Polyp - like a hydra


Invertebrate phylum cnidaria2
~Invertebrate Phylum Cnidaria~

  • Examples - Jellyfish, Hydra, sea anemones, and corals


Invertebrate phylum platyhelminthes
~Invertebrate Phylum Platyhelminthes ~

  • Flatworms

  • Flat, ribbon-like body

  • Live in water or are parasites

  • bilateral symmetry


Invertebrate phylum platyhelminthes1
~Invertebrate Phylum Platyhelminthes ~

  • Examples: Planaria

  • eyespots detect light

  • food and waste

    go in and out the same opening


Invertebrate phylum platyhelminthes2
~Invertebrate Phylum Platyhelminthes ~

  • Examples: Tapeworm

  • Parasite that lives in intestines of host absorbing food


Invertebrate phylum mollusca
~Invertebrate Phylum Mollusca ~

  • Soft bodies

  • Hard Shells

  • Live on land or in water

  • have a circulatory system and a complex nervous system.

  • Important food source for humans


Invertebrate phylum mollusca1
~Invertebrate Phylum Mollusca ~

Class Gastropoda

  • snails and slugs

  • may have 1 shell

  • stomach-footed - move on stomach


Invertebrate phylum mollusca2
~Invertebrate Phylum Mollusca ~

Class Bivalves

  • 2 shells hinged together

  • clams, oysters,

    scallops and mussels


Invertebrate phylum mollusca3
~Invertebrate Phylum Mollusca ~

Class Cephalopods

  • squids and octopuses

  • internal mantel


Invertebrate phylum annelida
~Invertebrate Phylum Annelida ~

  • Segmented worms

  • Body divided into segments (sections)

  • Live in water or underground

  • have a nervous and circulatory system


Invertebrate phylum annelida1
~InvertebratePhylum Annelida ~

  • Class Earthworms

  • eat soil and breakdown organic matter, wastes provide nutrients to soil


Invertebrate phylum annelida2
~InvertebratePhylum Annelida ~

  • Class leeches

  • parasites that feed on blood of other animals


Invertebrate phylum arthropoda
~Invertebrate Phylum Arthropoda ~

  • Body divided into sections/segments

  • Exoskeleton

  • Jointed legs

  • well developed nervous system

  • largest group of organisms on earth


Invertebrate phylum arthropoda1
~Invertebrate Phylum Arthropoda ~

  • 3 subphylums:

  • Classified into classes according to the number of legs, eyes and antennae they have.


Invertebrate phylum arthropods subphylum uniramia
~Invertebrate Phylum Arthropods ~ Subphylum Uniramia

  • Class Insecta

    • no antennae

    • 3 pairs of legs

    • 2 body regions - head, thorax & abdomen

    • grasshoppers, ants, butterflies, bees


Phylum chordata subphylum vertebrata
~ Phylum Chordata ~ subphylumVertebrata

5 classes

  • Fish

  • Mammals

  • Reptiles

  • Amphibians

  • Birds


Fish

  • Are cold-blooded

  • Have gills and scales

  • Live in water

  • Have a Backbone




Reptile s
Reptiles:

  • Have scales

  • Live on land

  • Are cold-blooded

  • Usually lay eggs

  • Have a Backbone




Amphibians

  • Lay eggs

  • Live in water and on land

  • Have a Backbone

  • Are cold blooded

  • Have smooth skin


These are Amphibians

  • These are Amphibians



Birds
Birds

  • Have feathers

  • Are warm-blooded

  • Have hollow bones and most can fly

  • Lay eggs

  • Have a Backbone




Mammals
Mammals

  • Have hair or fur

  • Are warm-blooded

  • Feed milk to their young

  • Bear live young (except monotremes)

  • Have a Backbone




  • Clip Art

  • Photos

  • http://clipartuniverse.com/free-animation.shtml black widow, vulture, girl and horse, frog

  • http://www.infohub.com/ARTICLES/platypus.html platypus

  • http://www.herper.com/Waterspider.html water spider

  • http://www.liveaquaria.com/ starfish

  • http://www.discoveryschools.com.au/guides/invertab/overview.html jellyfish bmp

  • http://www.cockroaches.sf.cz/ roach

  • http://www.antcontrols.com/carpenter1.jpg carpenter ant

  • http://www.kwic.com/~pagodavista/schoolhouse/species/herps/turtle.htm turtle skeleton

  • http://encarta.msn.com/find/MediaMax.asp?pg=3&ti=761552814&idx=461518272 fish skeleton,

  • http://www.zoology.ubc.ca/courses/bio204/lab7_photos.htm frog, lizard, bird, rat, and porpoise skeletons

  • http://dgl.microsoft.com/?CAG=1 clips

  • http://members.aol.com/loxocemus/snakepics/nonamer.jpg garter snake

  • http://www.versaquatics.com/angelfish.htm fish photo, crab, nudibranch, sea turtle,

  • http://www.montereybaywhalewatch.com/phharbp.htm porpoise photo

  • http://museum.gov.ns.ca/mnh/nature/turtles/paint.htm painted turtle

  • http://artsci.wustl.edu/~reglor/salgall/myon2.jpg salamander

  • http://radical-reptiles.herpetology.com/lizardgallery/collared4.jpg collard lizard

  • http://www.cmycat.com/greatoutdoors.htm cat photo

  • http://www.cat.cc.md.us/courses/bio141/lecguide/unit1/shape/dkngon.html coccus bacteria

  • http://www.smithton.tco.asn.au/wildlife/lobster/lobster.html alligator skeleton


  • Photos continued

  • http://saltaquarium.about.com/gi/dynamic/offsite.htm?site=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.harboraquatics.com%2Fsponge01.html - spongeshttp://www.underwatercolours.com/bvi/ss5.html -Anemone

  • http://www.meer.org/M31.htm platyhelminthes

  • http://users.htcomp.net/weis/worms.html -earthworm

  • http://www.smithton.tco.asn.au/wildlife/lobster/lobster.html lobster

  • http://www.mermaid1.demon.co.uk/body_molluscs.htm snail, limpet, cuttlefish

  • http://www.mermaid1.demon.co.uk/body_worms.htm - fanworm

  • http://www.versaquatics.com/octopus_photos.htm octopus

  • http://www.mermaid1.demon.co.uk/body_echinoderms.htm urchin, starfish

  • http://www.dudak.baka.com/is373.html grasshopper on goldenrod

  • Back to Start


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