Final Exam Review
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Final Exam Review. POWERPOINT JEOPARDY. Nervous System. Senses. Endocrine System. Blood. Circulatory System. 10. 10. 10. 10. 10. 20. 20. 20. 20. 20. 30. 30. 30. 30. 30. 40. 40. 40. 40. 40. 50. 50. 50. 50. 50. What is the function of neuroglial cells?

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Final Exam Review

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Final exam review

Final Exam Review


Powerpoint jeopardy

POWERPOINT JEOPARDY

Nervous System

Senses

Endocrine System

Blood

Circulatory System

10

10

10

10

10

20

20

20

20

20

30

30

30

30

30

40

40

40

40

40

50

50

50

50

50


Final exam review

What is the function of neuroglial cells?

Protection and support of the neurons


Final exam review

What is the function of the dendrite?

Transmit impulses to the cell body


Final exam review

What is the all or nothing principle?

An AP is triggered when a threshold stimulus is applied


Final exam review

What two factors determine the rate of an action potential?

Diameter of axon and myelination


Final exam review

List the two main structures found in the CNS.

Brain and spinal cord


Final exam review

What is the name of the photopigment found in the rods?

Rhodopsin


Final exam review

What is the function of the lens?

Refracts light to be focused on retina


Final exam review

What happens to the ciliary muscles and lens when you look at a distant object?

Muscles relax, lens is elongated


Final exam review

What is the area of the retina that does not produce an image called?

Optic disc (blind spot)


Final exam review

Describe two symptoms of glaucoma.

Loss of peripheral vision, intraocular pressure exceeding 25 mmHg


Final exam review

What are the endocrine cells in the pancreas called?

Islets of Langerhans


Final exam review

Which of the following is not an example of an endocrine gland?

(Sweat, adrenal, parathyroid, pituitary or pineal gland)

Sweat gland


Final exam review

What two hormones are responsible for regulating blood calcium levels?

Parathyroid hormone and calcitonin


Final exam review

What hormone is typically regulated by positive feedback?

Oxytocin


Final exam review

What two hormones are involved in the fight or flight response?

Epinephrine and norepinephrine


Final exam review

If a mother and her fetus have an incompatible Rh factor, what disorder would result?

Erythroblastosis fetalis


Final exam review

Define hemocrit.

Measure of percent of volume of whole blood that is made up of RBC


Final exam review

Define hemopoiesis.

Blood cell formation


Final exam review

What prevents blood loss in a damaged vessel?

Hemostasis (platelet plug formation, vascular spasm, coagulation)


Final exam review

Describe antigens, antibodies and Rh factor found in A- and B+ individuals

A- carries A antigens; anti-B antibodies and no Rh

B+ carries B antigens; anti-A antibodies and Rh


Final exam review

What surrounds the heart? What is its function?

Pericardium; protects heart from overextension


Final exam review

What is the function of the atrio-ventricular (AV) valves?

Prevent backflow of blood from ventricles to atrium


Final exam review

What is the pacemaker of the heart?

SA node (sinoatrial node)


Final exam review

How are veins and arteries different structurally?

Veins have valves


Final exam review

What is the function of capillaries?

Exchange of gases and nutrients between cells and blood


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