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Chapter 18 Section 4. Brinkmanship and Nuclear Arms Race. Brinkmanship. Dwight Eisenhower and John Dulles take office Each side has H-Bomb capacity Staunchly anti-communist Presidency Brinkmanship : promise to use all force, including nuclear weapons to defend against any aggressor nation

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chapter 18 section 4

Chapter 18Section 4

Brinkmanship and Nuclear Arms Race

brinkmanship
Brinkmanship
  • Dwight Eisenhower and John Dulles take office
    • Each side has H-Bomb capacity
    • Staunchly anti-communist Presidency
  • Brinkmanship: promise to use all force, including nuclear weapons to defend against any aggressor nation
    • Air Force expansion
race for hydrogen bomb
Race for Hydrogen Bomb
  • 1949: first soviet nuclear weapon
    • Sparks competition to detonate a deadlier weapon
  • November 1, 1952
    • US detonates first Hydrogen bomb
    • 67 times stronger than Hiroshima and Nagasaki
  • 1953: Soviets strike again
slide4
Fear
  • Americans began to have daily fear of nuclear war
  • Schools and families practiced air-raid drills
warsaw pact and geneva
Warsaw Pact and Geneva
  • West Germany gains military power in 1955 and joins NATO
    • Russia creates Warsaw in fear of West Germany
      • 7 Communist nations
  • Geneva: “open skies”-Eisenhower proposes idea for Soviets and US to fly over each other’s countries
    • failed
suez canal
Suez Canal
  • United States and Britain offer to build a canal
    • Egypt plays each side receiving help from Soviets as well
      • Dulles cuts off aid
    • Egypt claims the canal as their own and refuses to let supply ships into Israel
    • Britain, France, and Israel seize the canal to protect oil interests
    • UN intervenes and returns canal to Egypt
eisenhower doctrine
Eisenhower Doctrine
  • January 1957
  • Soviets gained popularity because of Egypt and Suez Canal
    • Eisenhower vows to attack any communist aggression in Middle East
u2 incident
U2 incident
  • CIA run operation-spied on Soviet troop movement and nuclear weapons
    • U2 plane flew at untraceable height
  • Despite Soviet knowledge, missions continue
  • Eisenhower wanted to cancel mission, but Dulles wanted to fly one more
u2 continued
U2 continued..
  • Francis Gary Powers is shot down by Soviets
    • Humiliated Americans, crucial mistake in regards to Soviet-American peace talks
    • Eisenhower was scheduled to travel to Soviet Union
    • Check my glogster
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