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专  业: 单  位: 授 课 人:. 中国人民解放军外国语学院课程课件. 英语高级视听说. 英 语 英语系视听说教研室. 1. Review. 2. Warming-Up Exercises. 3. Exercises in Textbook. 4. Summary and Assignments. Unit 3: Tasks. Review. Please translate the following into English: 怀疑态度 n. skepticism 遵守、遵从 in compliance with

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5186339

专  业:

单  位:

授 课 人:

中国人民解放军外国语学院课程课件

英语高级视听说

英 语

英语系视听说教研室


Unit 3 tasks

1

Review

2

Warming-Up Exercises

3

Exercises in Textbook

4

Summary and Assignments

Unit 3: Tasks

英语高级视听说


Review

Review

Please translate the following into English:

怀疑态度 n.

skepticism

遵守、遵从

in compliance with

违反 v.

violate

批准 v.

ratify

英语高级视听说


Review1

Review

以中间人身份促成 v.

broker

救援物资

relief supplies

人道主义援助

humanitarian aid

核武计划

nuclear weapons program

英语高级视听说


Review2

Review

  • Explain the red parts in the following sentences.

    • Barack Obama could name his vice-presidential pick at any moment.

    • During the two-day talks US negotiators push for a trade waiver from the so-called Nuclear Suppliers Group.

英语高级视听说


Warming up exercises

Warming-up Exercises

  • Listen to the news items and retell their main ideas.

    Ramadann. the ninth month of the Muslim year, during which Muslims do not eat or drink anything during the day while it is light

    穆斯林斋月

    irreversible adj. cannot be changed back to how it was before

    不能逆转或取消的

英语高级视听说


Be sensitive to semantic markers

Be Sensitive to Semantic Markers

  • How to change a topic

    • With regard/respect/reference to …

    • As for/to …

    • By the way …

    • Speaking/Talking of …

    • Well, I’d like to move on to …

    • Now, I’d like to look at …

    • Having looked at … let’s now consider …

    • Having considered … let’s now turn on to …

英语高级视听说


Note taking skills

Note-taking Skills

  • How to use symbols

    • Use of “root” and “power” positions

      • Grammatical symbols

        • Use “d”, “ll”, “ld”, “g” for tense (eat = eatd, eatll, eatld, eatg)

        • Use “n”, “v”, “a”, “ad” for parts of speech (profn)

      • Meaning symbols

        • Use “r” for “doer” of action (mathr, chemr, swimr, tchr)

英语高级视听说


Note taking skills1

Note-taking Skills

  • How to use symbols

    • Symbols for words

      • Chemical (water=H2O, ozone=O3)

      • Mathematical (= the same as, equivalent to; + add to, in addition, what’s more; - minus, subtract from; > more than, greater than; < less than, smaller than)

      • Others

英语高级视听说


Exercise 1 mini lecture

Exercise 1: Mini-Lecture

fossil fuel a hydrocarbon deposit, such as petroleum, coal, or natural gas, derived from living matter of a previous geologic time and used for fuel

矿物燃料,如石油、煤、天然气等

harness v. to control and use the natural force or power of something

利用

英语高级视听说


Exercise 1 mini lecture1

Exercise 1: Mini-Lecture

biogasn. a mixture of methane and carbon dioxide produced by bacterial degradation of organic matter and used as a fuel

生物气、沼气

methanen.

甲烷, 沼气

starchyadj. containing starch

含有淀粉的

英语高级视听说


Exercise 1 mini lecture2

Exercise 1: Mini-Lecture

cassavan.

木薯:美洲热带植物,块茎状根可食用

beetn.

甜菜:两年生欧洲植物,根叶可食用

staplen. a basic dietary item, such as flour, rice, or corn

主食

methanoln.

甲醇

英语高级视听说


Summary of the lecture

Summary of the Lecture

  • Topic: competition for land use, crops for food or fuel?

    • Historical background

      • Oil crisis of the 1970s → alternative energy sources, like solar power, winds, waves, tides, biogas, etc.

      • Developing countries interested in converting plant material to alcohol due to large agricultural sectors

      • Two economic reasons for producing alcohol from sugar:

        • World price of sugar down

        • the most efficient source

英语高级视听说


Summary of the lecture1

Summary of the Lecture

  • Other starchy plants also used to make alcohol

    • tropical countries: cassava and sweet potato

    • Non-tropical countries: corn and sugar beet

  • Problem arising: crops for food or fuel?

  • Nature of the problem: economic rather than technical

    • Choose the most profitable

  • Examples: not a technological problem, two ways of using alcohol as car fuel

    • Pure alcohol: Brazil

    • Mixture with gas (gasohol): Germany

  • 英语高级视听说


    Exercise 2 talk

    Exercise 2: Talk

    combustionn. the process of burning

    燃烧

    • internal combustion engine

      exhaustn. a duct or pipe through which waste material is emitted

      排放管

      asbestosn.

      石棉

    英语高级视听说


    Exercise 2 talk1

    Exercise 2: Talk

    catalytic convertera piece of equipment fitted to a car‘s exhaust system that reduces the amount of poisonous gases the engine sends out

    (汽车等的)催化式排气净化器

    carbon monoxide

    一氧化碳

    英语高级视听说


    Exercise 2 talk2

    Exercise 2: Talk

    Pollutants

    There are many substances in the air which may impair the health of plants and animals (including humans), or reduce visibility. These arise both from natural processes and human activity. Substances not naturally found in the air or at greater concentrations or in different locations from usual are referred to as pollutants.

    英语高级视听说


    Exercise 2 talk3

    Exercise 2: Talk

    Dust storm approaching Stratford, Texas

    英语高级视听说


    Exercise 2 talk4

    Exercise 2: Talk

    Puxi area of Shanghai at sunset. The sun has not actually dropped below the horizon yet, rather it has reached the smog line.

    英语高级视听说


    Exercise 3 conversation

    Exercise 3: Conversation

    vacantadj. without an incumbent or occupant; unfilled

    空缺的

    generalizev. to make a general statement about the whole of a group or thing

    概括、归纳

    英语高级视听说


    Exercise 4 news broadcasting

    Exercise 4: News Broadcasting

    manslaughtern. the unlawful killing of one human being by another without express or implied intent to do injury

    过失杀人

    snapv. to suddenly stop being able to control your anger, anxiety, or other feelings in a difficult situation

    崩溃

    successiveadj. coming or following one after the other

    连续的

    英语高级视听说


    Exercise 4 news broadcasting1

    Exercise 4: News Broadcasting

    revolvern. a type of small gun. The bullets are in a case which turns around as you fire the gun, so that when you fire one bullet the next bullet is ready to be fired

    左轮手枪

    forensicadj. relating to the scientific methods used for finding out about a crime

    法庭的

    • forensic medicine 法医学

    • forensic expert 罪案调查专家

    英语高级视听说


    Exercise 4 news broadcasting2

    Exercise 4: News Broadcasting

    Admiral

    海军上将

    • Admiral of the Fleet, Vice-Admiral, Rear-Admiral

      MIA (Missing in Action)

      战斗中失踪的人

      excavationv. the act of digging

      挖掘

    英语高级视听说


    Summary and assignments

    Summary and Assignments

    • News Copying: Week 03

    英语高级视听说


    5186339

    Thank You !


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