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Musical Theatre. What is a musical and what are the terms? . Musical Theatre-a type of entertainment containing music, songs, and usually, dance Production Number- a large-scale performance within a musical show, usually combining both song and dance

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what is a musical and what are the terms
What is a musical and what are the terms?
  • Musical Theatre-a type of entertainment containing music, songs, and usually, dance
  • Production Number- a large-scale performance within a musical show, usually combining both song and dance
  • Music Director-shapes the musical tone of the show
  • Choreographer-the artist who designs dances for the stage
  • Principal-an actor who has one of the major roles
  • Chorus-ensemble and supporting roles
  • Composer-person who writes the music for a musical
  • Lyricist-the person who writes the words for the music
  • Book-script for the musical
history of broadway theatre
History of Broadway theatre
  • 1904-1919: As theater styles and personalities from around the world and the country come to New York, the theater district is born — and so is the American musical.
  • 1920-1932: Broadway enters its most prodigious period; songwriters create a new musical mythology of Broadway and send it across the country.
  • 1933-1942: During the Great Depression, Broadway distracts audiences with escapism, while also offering political commentary and social engagement.
  • 1943-1959: Rodgers and Hammerstein pioneer a new form of narrative storytelling that brings a new age of musical classics.
  • 1960-1979: Broadway confronts the seismic changes in American culture by reinventing its own tradition.
  • 1980-2004: Broadway becomes a truly global phenomenon as new innovations respond to economic challenges.
what makes the musical happen
What makes the musical happen
  • Things to consider behind the scenes:
    • Directing team: director, music director, choreographer, producers
    • Budget: High school can range 2 to 15 thousand, Professional can range 4 to 10 million dollars
    • Performance space: proscenium stages are most often used due to space; rarely use arena or thrust
    • Cast and crew: principles, chorus, backstage crew, designers, managers, stage hands
    • Audience: your show has to appeal to your target audience
musical fyi
Musical fyi
  • The production budget for Wicked is $42 million dollars
  • The production budget for Spiderman was an estimated $75 million
  • The production budget for Phantom of the opera is $8 million
the beginning for the u s
The beginning for the u.s.
  • The first musical was “The Black Crook”
    • It opened September 12. 1866
    • It ran 474 performances
    • It was 5 ½ hours long
structure of the typical american musical
Structure of the Typical American musical
  • Overture- Orchestral introduction previewing from the show
  • Act I
  • Intermission (10-20 minutes)
  • Entr’acte
  • Act II
  • Curtain Call
  • Exit music
types of musicals
Types of musicals
  • Book Musical
    • Traditional musical with a strong story that drives the music and characters
  • Revue
    • A collection of songs, generally with some common element. May or may not have a plot
  • Concept Musical
    • A musical where the message or metaphor is just as, if not more important, than the actual story
  • Jukebox musical
    • Musical using only songs from an artist or group
  • Rock (or Pop) Musical
    • Musical that uses rock music (or pop music) as the main style of music. If there is little spoken dialogue, it could be called a rock opera or popopera
behind the music
Behind the music
  • Songs are as important as the dialogue that is spoken
  • The actor must determine the subtext or underlying message of the specific song
  • Wicked: For Good
behind the scenes
Behind the scenes
  • Wicked: The Road to Broadway

“You have 2 kinds of shows on Broadway - revivals and the same kind of musicals over and over again, all spectacles. You get your tickets for The Lion Kin a year in advance, and essentially a family comes as if to a picnic, and they pass on to their children the idea that that’s what the theatre is - a spectacular musical you see once a year, a stage version of a movie. It has nothing to do with theatre at all. It has to do with seeing what is familiar. We live in a recycled culture…. I don’t think the theatre will die per se, but it’s never going to be what it was. You can’t bring it back. It’s gone. It’s a tourist attraction.” Stephen Sondheim

musical project
Musical Project
  • Name and information for your theatre
  • Typical musical theatre experience: what can an audience expect when they attend a musical
  • Content of a musical: what are your musicals about
  • Create a scene with a 30 second monologue for each actor
  • Provide dialogue to tie monologues together
  • Select an appropriate song to sing with scene, provide lyrics, 90 seconds minimum
  • Create choreographed movement for the song