dr linda kim dr pam swan dr robert waters michael smith jennifer orlowski
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Dr. Linda Kim Dr. Pam Swan Dr. Robert Waters Michael Smith Jennifer Orlowski

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 25

Dr. Linda Kim Dr. Pam Swan Dr. Robert Waters Michael Smith Jennifer Orlowski - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 65 Views
  • Uploaded on

Effects of homeopathy in reducing weight, body fat mass and percent body fat. A randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled clinical trial. Dr. Linda Kim Dr. Pam Swan Dr. Robert Waters Michael Smith Jennifer Orlowski. What is homeopathy?. Like Cures Like Law of Minimums

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Dr. Linda Kim Dr. Pam Swan Dr. Robert Waters Michael Smith Jennifer Orlowski' - kaori


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
dr linda kim dr pam swan dr robert waters michael smith jennifer orlowski

Effects of homeopathy in reducing weight, body fat mass and percent body fat. A randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled clinical trial

Dr. Linda Kim

Dr. Pam Swan

Dr. Robert Waters

Michael Smith

Jennifer Orlowski

what is homeopathy
What is homeopathy?
  • Like Cures Like
  • Law of Minimums
  • Stimulate body’s own healing process
    • Ie. Ipecac
effectiveness of homeopathy
Effectiveness of Homeopathy
  • A meta-analysis of placebo controlled clinical trials demonstrated that homeopathic effects are not due to placebo alone, there was a 2.45 times greater effect than placebo
  • Meta-analysis of 107 controlled trials showed 76% of those studies were effective
obesity in adults
Obesity in Adults
  • Estimated 97 million adults in US are overweight or obese
  • Overweight defined as BMI of 25 to 29.9 kg/m² and obesity is a BMI of greater than or equal to 30 kg/m²
risk of obesity
Risk of Obesity
  • Hypertension
  • Dyslipidemia
  • Type 2 Diabetes
  • Coronary heart disease
  • Stroke
  • Gallbladder disease
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Sleep apnea
  • Respiratory problems
  • Endometrial, breast, prostate, or colon cancer
what were the questions we asked
What were the questions we asked?
  • Does homeopathy promote more weight loss than placebo?
  • What is the short term efficacy of a homeopathic weight loss product?
what did the treatment address
What did the treatment address?
  • Reducing food cravings
  • Respond to normal satiety
  • Improving metabolism
  • Controlling hypoglycemia
  • Mental/emotional issues
  • exercise
the product we used in the study
The product we used in the study
  • Weight Control ™ manufactured by Dolisos America Inc.
homeopathics included
Homeopathics Included
  • Anacardium orientale
  • Antimonium crudum
  • Calcarea carbonica
  • Graphites
  • Iodium
  • Nuv Vomica
methods
Methods
  • Recruited people from Phoenix metropolitan area
  • Initial screening was done by phone using inclusion/exclusion criteria
  • Qualified 35 patient, 30 completed
methods1
Methods
  • Inclusion:
    • Male/female 21-45 y.o
    • BMI 30-39 kg/m²
    • Confirmed menstrual period prior to enrollment
    • Able to comply with study requirements: informed consent, 2 office visits, follow up monitoring, avoid other diet programs and perform exercise program
methods2
Methods
  • Exclusion:
    • Pregnant, lactating, or wanting to become pregnant
    • Obesity of endocrine origin
    • History of bulimia or anorexia
    • History of alcohol or drug addiction
methods3
Methods
  • 4 week trial
  • Take 1 tablet 4 times per day sublingual
  • Exercise 4 times per week
  • Wear pedometer daily
  • Fill out daily questioners
  • Weekly phone monitoring
  • Office visit 2 times
methods office visit
Methods: Office visit
  • Physical exam:
    • BP, pulse, respiration rate, temperature
    • Weight, height, body measurements hip and waist
    • Metabolic testing with a Bod Pod {ADD HERE}
outcome parameters
Outcome Parameters
  • Body weight changes
    • BMI, lean body mass, fat mass, percent body fat
  • Body change measurements
    • Circumference of waist and hip
    • Hip/waist ratio
  • Metabolic testing
    • Respiratory exchange rate
  • Questionaires
    • VAS of hunger, satiety, thirst, mood [daily]
    • Pedometer log
    • Quality of Life Index SF-36, defecation pattern, satisfaction w/ intervention, compliance [2 times]
    • Hamilton Depression scale [2 times]
results
Results
  • Of the 35 people enrolled 30 completed the study, giving a 14% drop out rate
  • Screened 126 patients with 230 inquires
body measurement changes
Body Measurement changes
  • These were not significant between the active group and the placebo group.
  • There weight decreases and body measurement changes in active group from baseline to end of treatment
  • This suggest a pattern of weight reduction, but not a conclusive difference
exercise compliance
Exercise Compliance
  • There was a significant change (p < .05) noted with exercise compliance between active and placebo
  • Patients in active group recorded more exercise on average than placebo
questionaires
Questionaires
  • These were significant (P < .05) The daily questionaire asking about hunger, satiety, thirst, mood and defecation should overall improvement in active group as compared to placebo
  • Results from SF –36 confirmed results
  • Improvements may have been attributed to increase incidence of exercise in active group
depressive scale
Depressive Scale
  • No conclusive change in scale and patient compliance between placebo and active group
adverse effects
Adverse Effects
  • None were reported
  • The only complaint reported by some patient was amount of time required to dissolve pill
conclusion
Conclusion
  • It was not conclusively shown that this product promoted weight loss, however the time interval may have been to short to draw a significant conclusion
  • It was conclusively shown that the active group did notice changes in quality of life issues, suggesting that the product may be effective at a longer interval
future studies
Future Studies
  • We should do a 3 month study to determine if weight loss would be significant at a longer time interval.
statistical analysis
Statistical Analysis
  • Each body measurements were analyzed using a mean, standard deviation, t test and Wilcoxon’s signed rank test. Confidence intervals of 95% were utilized to detect statistical significance
ad