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MEXICO’S EXPERIENCE WITH STATISTICS ON INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND THE SICREMI Ernesto Rodríguez Chávez Centro de Estudios Migratorios, INM

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MEXICO’S EXPERIENCE WITH STATISTICS ON INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND THE SICREMI Ernesto Rodríguez Chávez Centro de Estudios Migratorios, INM CEAM Meeting, Washington, DC January 26, 2010. CONTEXT: MEXICO ORIGIN, TRANSIT AND DESTINATION OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION. 21 millon

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MEXICO’S EXPERIENCE WITH STATISTICS

  • ON INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND THE SICREMI
  • Ernesto Rodríguez Chávez
  • Centro de Estudios Migratorios, INM
  • CEAM Meeting, Washington, DC
  • January 26, 2010
slide2

CONTEXT:MEXICO ORIGIN, TRANSIT AND

DESTINATION OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION

21 millon

registered tourists

and visitors

660–560,000

incidents of

Repatriation of Mexicans

2008

ORIGIN

400,000

Temporary

Mex. workers

DESTINATION

40,000 – 60,000

Guatemalan border

workers

TRANSIT

220,000

Permanent

migrants to US

170,000 events

16,000

Mexican

emigration to the US

CA held by INM and US, plus those who managed to enter the US

Immigrants

Source: Estimates from the Center for Migration Studies, INM, based on figures from INM, U.S. Border Patrol and National Survey of Occupation and Employment, 2008

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SOURCES OF STATISTICS WITH INFORMATION ONINTERNATIONAL MIGRATION IN MEXICO

Population censuses 1990 and 2000

- On microdata - Record of population born abroad and flows for last 5 years, not including nationality. .

(Difficulties in measuring immigration based on those born abroad given the dual Mexico-US nationality)

Household surveys with microdata

ENADID – National survey of the demographic dynamics

[1992, 1997, (2006) ] stock and flow over last 5 years

ENOE – (National survey of occupations and employment) quarterly

[2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009 ] stock and flow

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SOURCES OF STATISTICS WITH INFORMATION ONINTERNATIONAL MIGRATION IN MEXICO

EMIF – Survey of international migration on

Northern border EMIF NORTH (annual since 1999)

Southern border EMIF SUR (annual since 2004)

- Measures and describes labor flows through those borders

Administrative records produced from migration management (INM)

Were not created for statistical purposes, do not necessarily reflect the migration processes in the country.

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BASIC PROBLEMS:

  • In terms of international migration, the surveys are more geared towards gathering statistical information on totals, origin, and nature of Mexican emigration, and on remittances and how they are used.
  • Lack of systematized and disaggregated statistics on immigrants.
  • Absence of databases of individual records in most of immigration processes.
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BASIC PROBLEMS:

Lack of differentiated information in National Censuses and Surveys on people born abroad but holding Mexican nationality.

Complexity of current migration laws and poor management practices that adversely affect the accuracy and quality of statistics.

Non-homologation of statistics with concepts and series most often used by international organizations.

Lack of information to handle a great deal of requests from international organizations for immigration statistics: OECD and ILO.

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Work strategy

Transformation of record types and forms and reconstruction of statistics from previous years where possible

Moving from data collection to generating statistics from databases with individual electronic records

3.- Creating the organizational structure and the necessary physical, technological, and human infrastructure.

4.- Transform the dissemination of migration statistics

2. Redesigning the data collection processes and systems to get computerized individual records.

1.- Reformulating concepts used in migration statistics.

- Clear, explicit, and in accordance with national and international requirements.

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II. Documentación y legal estancia en México

Immigrant FM2 issued2\' 1,478 1,755 1,804

15,416

Migratory Forms Issued for Local Visitor (FMVL) for Guatemala and Belize

1,484 5,741 16,509

84,858

Migratory Forms Issues for Border Worker (FMTF) for Guatemala

3,978 1,502 2,047

17,017

Refugees 5 1 13

66

Regularization Program3\' 106 190 275

2,015

FM2 Issued =

New formal immigrants

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Recommendations to advance the SICREMI project

  • Consolidate a technical group for timely follow up on statistics on international migration generated by the member countries of the OAS, to guide national correspondents.
  • Create accurate methodological and conceptual frames of reference for preparing statistics in accordance with the dynamics of the international movement of people in the region, particularly on international migration.
  • Promote the use and development of administrative records on international migration, through consultation mechanisms that exist in the region on the subject matter.
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Recommendations to advance the SICREMI project

Promote the development of electronic systems for administrative records of individuals, so databases can be created with detailed, reliable information on the international movement of people in the region.

Encourage complementarity among neighboring countries in information from migration records, especially on entry-exit flows.

Increase training and exchanges of experience in order to expand, improve and standardize the generation and dissemination of statistics on international migration in a timely and reliable manner.

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