Cultural significance of nrms
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Cultural Significance of NRMs. Our Skewed Perspective NRMs are intrinsically interesting ACM turned them into a social problem Are they smaller representations of what is happening to religion as a whole? Secularization theory presents religion as reactive: pre-modern, if not anti-modern.

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Cultural Significance of NRMs

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Cultural significance of nrms

Cultural Significance of NRMs

Our Skewed Perspective

NRMs are intrinsically interesting

ACM turned them into a social problem

Are they smaller representations of what is happening to religion as a whole?

Secularization theory presents religion as reactive: pre-modern, if not anti-modern.

People turn to religions to provide meaning and structure, to construct a nomos.

People who turn to NRMs have a greater desire to live in a coherent meaningful world.

Religious life has become increasingly subjective, about individual expression.

Options for religions:

Accommodate to modernity

Entrench against modernity

A New Religious Consciousness that is not a reaction to modernity…


Features of a new religious consciousness

Religious individualism

Religions of experience

Authority is given to those who can evoke such experiences.

Accepting of relativism; tolerant

Holistic; Monistic

Organizationally open

Features of a New Religious Consciousness


Significance of a new religious consciousness

Are NRMs reactions against modernity or adaptations to the modern social world?

Two kinds of NRMs:

Totalistic (exclusive commitment): Moonies;

Open (but not just “audience cults”)

If people have profound personal experiences in a religious setting; they will call them religious experiences.

These people cohere with others who affirm, expect, appreciate, and promote such charismatic religious experiences

New religious consciousness more compatible with findings of science and social sciences, and with the new social order.

Individualistic nature is flexible, compatible with hectic lifestyles.

Science is not purely material.

Significance of a New Religious Consciousness


Modernism and the nrms

Are NRMs reactions against modernity or adaptations to the modern social world?

The Surprising Similarities of “Anti-Modern” and “Modern” NRMs

Pentecostals compared to New Age Movement

Experience sacred power in everyday lives

Create new structures of social cohesion (trans-national, -ethnic)

Spiritual healing

Arrival of new age

Anti-institutional; decentralized.

Modernism and the NRMs


Factors affecting nrm success

Factors Affecting NRM Success

Retention of cultural continuity,

Non-empirical doctrines

Tension with culture

Legitimate leaders (justified; owned)

A Volunteer force

Maintain fertility

Local Competition is weak

Maintain strong internal attachments

Maintain medium levels of tension with society

Socialize the young


Postmodernism and nrms

Holistic

Power

Compatible

Postmodernism and NRMs


Nrms anti moderns modern or postmodern

Postmodernity:

Insufficiency of reason

Eclecticism

Sponteneity

Abandon over-arching myths

Religion not a social institution but a cultural resource.

NRMs: Anti-Moderns, Modern, or Postmodern?


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