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Individualized & All Together: Whole Class Instruction Using Differentiated Texts. Rita & John. [email protected] [email protected] http://www.weteachwelearn.org/tag/rita-platt/ http://mplsesl.wikispaces.com/Home+Page @ ritaplatt @johnwolfe3rd .

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rita john
Rita & John
  • Rita Platt is a Nationally Board Certified teacher. Her experience includes teaching learners of all levels from kindergarten to graduate student. She currently is a Library Media & Reading Specialist for the St. Croix Falls SD in Wisconsin, teaches graduate courses for the Professional Development Institute, and consults with local school districts.
  • John Wolfe is a teacher on special assignment for the Multilingual Department at the Minneapolis Public School District. He has worked with students at all levels as well as provided professional development to fellow teachers. His areas of expertise include English Language Learners, literacy, and integrated technology.
relax everything and more is on the wiki http www mplsesl wikispaces com
Relax … Everything (and more) is on The Wikihttp://www.mplsesl.wikispaces.com/

PD must be:

Continuous, Collaborative, Communicative

1 what s the role of reading in english learners academic success and failure
1. What’s the role of readingin English Learners’academic success – and failure?

Margarita Calderón

Johns Hopkins University

slide11

We go Old Skool like Steven Krashen Taught Us … Provide Comprehensible Input

  • Support the students’ comprehension
  • of the key conceptual learnings
  • through paralinguistic supports,
  • including…
  • Visual Supports
  • Graphic Supports
  • Interactive (Social) Supports
slide12

We go Old Skool like Steven Krashen Taught Us … Provide Comprehensible Input

& w/ visual, graphic or interactive support thru Level 4

  • Support the students’ comprehension
  • of the key conceptual learnings
  • through paralinguistic supports,
  • including…
  • Visual Supports
  • Graphic Supports
  • Interactive (Social) Supports
slide13

Converting Text to Gist

=

a working definition of “reading”

a closer look at factor 1
A closer look at Factor #1
  • Independent Reading. Teachers do most of the reading for ELs.
a closer look at factor 11
A closer look at Factor #1
  • Independent Reading. Teachers do most of the reading for ELs.
  • If ELs rarely get to read during the early stages of language development, their exposure to academic language and subject matter concepts is delayed.
so if the reading is the key
So …if the reading is the key…

maybe our ELs have to wrestle with those texts

the solution content related level appropriate reading circles
The Solution: Content-Related, Level-Appropriate Reading Circles

Grade 7 Social Studies Standard:

7.4.4.19. Regional tensions around economic development, slavery, territorial expansion and governance resulted in a Civil War and a period of Reconstruction that led to the abolition of slavery, a more powerful federal government, a renewed push into indigenous nations’ territory and continuing conflict over racial relations. (Civil War and Reconstruction: 1850-1877)

the textbook

Page 278

My long-crushed spirit rose, cowardice departed, bold defiance took its place; and I now resolved that, however long I might remain a slave in form, the day had passed when I could be a slave in fact. I did not hesitate to let it be known of me, that the white man who expected to succeed in whipping, must also succeed in killing me.

Covey knew this and never laid a hand on Douglass again.

Running Away Some slaves tried to escape by running away to freedom in the North. The risks were enormous. Slaveholders hired professional slave catchers and their packs of howling bloodhounds to hunt down runaway slaves. If caught, a runaway risked being mauled by dogs, brutally whipped, or even killed. Still, Douglass and countless other slaves took the risk.

Slaves found many ways to escape bondage. Some walked to freedom in the North, hiding by day and traveling at night when they could follow the North Star. Others traveled north by boat or train, using forged identity cards and clever disguises to get past watchful slave patrols. A few runaways mailed themselves to freedom in boxes or coffins.

Thousands of runaways escaped to free states and to Canada with the help of the Underground Railroad, a secret network of free blacks and sympathetic whites. The members of the Underground Railroad provided transportation and ―safe houses‖ where runaways could hide. A number of guides, or ―conductors,‖ risked their lives to help escaping slaves travel the ―freedom train.‖ One of the most successful was Harriet Tubman. Having escaped slavery herself, Tubman courageously returned to the South more than a dozen times between 1850 and 1860, guiding more than 200 men, women, and children to freedom.

Rebellion At times, resistance erupted into violent rebellion. Slave revolts occurred in cities, on plantations, and even on ships at sea. Fear of slave uprisings haunted slaveholders. Planters, wrote one visitor to the South, ―never lie down to sleep without…loaded pistols at their sides.‖

In 1822 authorities in Charleston, South Carolina, learned that Denmark Vesey, a free black, was preparing to lead a sizable revolt of slaves. Vesey, along with more than 30 slaves, was arrested and hanged.

Nine years later, in 1831, a slave named Nat Turner led a bloody uprising in Virginia. Armed with axes and guns, Turner and his followers set out to kill every white person they could find. Before their reign of terror ended two days later, at least 57 people had been hacked to death.

Denmark Vesey‘s and Nat Turner‘s rebellions panicked white southerners. In response, southern states passed strict slave codes that tightened owners‘ control of their slaves and provided for harsher punishment of slaves by authorities. As one frightened Virginian remarked, ―A Nat Turner might be in any family.‖

The Textbook?
http www online utility org
http://www.online-utility.org/

Flesch Kinkaid Grade Level: 9.66

SMOG Level: 11.45

the textbook1

Page 278

My long-crushed spirit rose, cowardice departed, bold defiance took its place; and I now resolved that, however long I might remain a slave in form, the day had passed when I could be a slave in fact. I did not hesitate to let it be known of me, that the white man who expected to succeed in whipping, must also succeed in killing me.

Covey knew this and never laid a hand on Douglass again.

Running Away Some slaves tried to escape by running away to freedom in the North. The risks were enormous. Slaveholders hired professional slave catchers and their packs of howling bloodhounds to hunt down runaway slaves. If caught, a runaway risked being mauled by dogs, brutally whipped, or even killed. Still, Douglass and countless other slaves took the risk.

Slaves found many ways to escape bondage. Some walked to freedom in the North, hiding by day and traveling at night when they could follow the North Star. Others traveled north by boat or train, using forged identity cards and clever disguises to get past watchful slave patrols. A few runaways mailed themselves to freedom in boxes or coffins.

Thousands of runaways escaped to free states and to Canada with the help of the Underground Railroad, a secret network of free blacks and sympathetic whites. The members of the Underground Railroad provided transportation and ―safe houses‖ where runaways could hide. A number of guides, or ―conductors,‖ risked their lives to help escaping slaves travel the ―freedom train.‖ One of the most successful was Harriet Tubman. Having escaped slavery herself, Tubman courageously returned to the South more than a dozen times between 1850 and 1860, guiding more than 200 men, women, and children to freedom.

Rebellion At times, resistance erupted into violent rebellion. Slave revolts occurred in cities, on plantations, and even on ships at sea. Fear of slave uprisings haunted slaveholders. Planters, wrote one visitor to the South, ―never lie down to sleep without…loaded pistols at their sides.‖

In 1822 authorities in Charleston, South Carolina, learned that Denmark Vesey, a free black, was preparing to lead a sizable revolt of slaves. Vesey, along with more than 30 slaves, was arrested and hanged.

Nine years later, in 1831, a slave named Nat Turner led a bloody uprising in Virginia. Armed with axes and guns, Turner and his followers set out to kill every white person they could find. Before their reign of terror ended two days later, at least 57 people had been hacked to death.

Denmark Vesey‘s and Nat Turner‘s rebellions panicked white southerners. In response, southern states passed strict slave codes that tightened owners‘ control of their slaves and provided for harsher punishment of slaves by authorities. As one frightened Virginian remarked, ―A Nat Turner might be in any family.‖

The Textbook?
they can t all read the textbook but they can all read about slavery
They can’t all read the textbook … but they can all read about slavery.

Grade Lvl 3.6

Grade Lvl 4

Grade Lvl 2

reading time students read together to support their literacy near peers
Reading Time: Students read together to support their literacy near peers…

Each text tells how slaves were mistreated. Be ready to explain that.

Grade Lvl 3.6

Grade Lvl 4

Each text describes how a slave resisted. Be ready to explain that.

Grade Lvl 2

discussion time jigsaw a n expert from each group reports to a jigsaw group
Discussion Time/Jigsaw. An “expert” from each group reports to a JIGSAWgroup.

Each member of the group takes notes on what they hear … with the expectations for notes differentiated by literacy & language levels.

slide29

Benefits.

  • Every students gets …
    • a steady diet of “easy texts”
    • daily success as a reader
    • interactive support from near peers for reading comprehension
    • an ideal situation for cooperative effort since comprehension problems will tend to be at or above each group member’s ZPD.
    • experience reading in the history/social studies genre
    • background and general knowledge about the time and topic being studied
    • vocabulary development related to the topic
    • a chance to speak about the reading and to listen to others talking about texts on the same topic
what about state curriculum standards based learning targets
What about State Curriculum-Standards Based Learning Targets?

State Curriculum-Standards are established by act of legislature!

You’re required by LAW to address each standard, provide evidence of each benchmark!

the solution content related level appropriate reading circles1
The Solution: Content-Related, Level-Appropriate Reading Circles

Grade 7 Social Studies Standard:

7.4.4.19. Cite the main ideas of the debate over slavery and states\' rights; explain how they resulted in major political compromises and, ultimately, war. (Civil War and Reconstruction: 1850-1877)

For example: Missouri Compromise, Nullification Crisis, Compromise of 1850, Bleeding Kansas.)

slide33

“Precision Teaching.” After the “non-fiction reading workshop” portion of the class, you do “precision teaching” using visuals, graphic organizers, etc.

  • From the “precision teaching,” students
  • receive “comprehensible input” in the form of proficiency-appropriate teacher language combined with paraverbal support for understanding
  • develop the key conceptual understandings identified by the curriculum standards
  • exercise their brains
  • From the “reading workshop,” students
  • develop vocabulary & background knowledge,
  • become familiar with how texts are structured in a specific subject, and
  • get the daily, successful reading that will drive their growth as readers.
slide34
My Goal: To Share FOUR Resources To Help You Support ELL Academic Language Development by Developing Resource Expertise
resource 1 readinga z com
Resource 1: ReadingA-Z.com

We have a District license for this!

We paid $2,798 for the year (so you might as well use it all you can).

slide40
So …
  • Is this ideal?
  • Is the kid participating in the lesson?
  • Is the kid doing school-type (informational) reading related to the lesson?
  • Is the kid reading at an i or i+1 reading level?
  • If he’s involved in constructing meaning from an information text, is the kid developing his academic literacy?
resource 2 www edhelper com
Resource 2: www.edhelper.com

This costs either $20 a year or about $40 a year

… depending on whether you want the super-deluxe access (cp., the VIP Lounge)

or the pretty-good-but-every-so-often-you-feel-excluded-from-the-cool-stuff membership (cp., the Cinnabon counter)

same deal
Same Deal …

2.6 grade level

Information embedded in story format … so easier

slide43
Resource 3: Buy Books. Ask your school/ librarian/ department to order books to support the content taught.

http://bookwizard.scholastic.com/tbw/homePage.do

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