Handwriting best practices debbie shatrowsky occupational therapist
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Handwriting: Best Practices Debbie Shatrowsky/Occupational Therapist. Ergonomics. 90° rule- hips, knees, ankles Trunk, neck and head vertically aligned Wrist in slight extension (neutral) Desktop 1” to 2” above elbow when seated

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Handwriting: Best Practices Debbie Shatrowsky/Occupational Therapist

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Handwriting best practices debbie shatrowsky occupational therapist

Handwriting:Best PracticesDebbie Shatrowsky/Occupational Therapist


Ergonomics

Ergonomics

  • 90° rule- hips, knees, ankles

  • Trunk, neck and head vertically aligned

  • Wrist in slight extension (neutral)

  • Desktop 1” to 2” above elbow when seated

  • Paper angled- right handed/right corner up, left handed/left corner up


Looking out for lefties

Looking Out For Lefties

  • Preventing the “hook”

  • Left corner of paper elevated, okay for student to have an exaggerated slant

  • Left handed writers will sometimes pull into their hand which causes them to write from right to left, this is okay to allow


Handwriting best practices debbie shatrowsky occupational therapist

  • Left handed

  • Slant left corner up

  • Okay to have exaggerated slant


Handwriting best practices debbie shatrowsky occupational therapist

  • Right handed

  • slant right corner up


Pencil grip

Pencil Grip

Developmental sequence

  • Palmer 1- 2 years of age

  • Digital pronate- 2 to 3 years of age

  • Transitional Grips

  • Static tripod- 3 ½ to 4 years of age

  • Dynamic or quadrupod - 4 ½ to 6 years of age


Efficient writing grips

Efficient Writing Grips

Dynamic Tripod

Quadrupod

Adapted Tripod


Inefficient grips

Inefficient Grips


Correcting grip

Correcting Grip

Twist N Write Pencil- Office Depot, Educate and Celebrate, Amazon

Handiwriter- therapy shoppe.com

Grotto

Crossover

Jumbo Big Grip

Claw Grip

Grips available at Educate and Celebrate or therapyshoppe.com


Handwriting best practices debbie shatrowsky occupational therapist

  • Slant board

  • To decrease wrist flexion

  • Visual difficulties


Developmental sequence of prewriting

Developmental Sequence of Prewriting

  • Imitation-vertical, horizontal, circle

  • Copying

    ~ 2yr.10mo. vertical

    ~ 3 horizontal and circle

    ~ 4 to 4 yr. 11 mo. cross, diagonals,

    and X

    ~ 5 yrs. 3 mo. triangle (Beery-Buktenica Developmental Test of Visual-Motor Integration)


Developmental approach to handwriting

Developmental Approach to Handwriting

  • Handwriting Without Tears®

    L F E H I – Verticals and horizontals

    U C O Q G S J D P B- lines and curves

    R K A V M N W X Y Z- diagonals

    Uses a sensory motor approach


Promoting development of fine motor skills

Promoting Development of Fine-Motor Skills

  • Sensory motor approach

  • Whole arm to promote motor planning-air writing

  • Wet sponge

  • Strengthening- incorporate pinching activities: clothes pins, strawberry hullers for sorting small objects, cutting play-dough snakes, poker chip or bingo chip activities

  • Parents- encourage wheel barrel walking with their child (fingers facing forward)


Promoting proper stroke number and letter formation

Promoting Proper Stroke, Number and Letter Formation

  • Model sound handwriting behaviors

  • Reading and writing follow the same basic patterns - top to bottom, left to right

  • Orally describe the pattern when introducing and practicing letter formation (big line, little line, big curve, little curve)


Promoting proper formation

Promoting Proper Formation

  • Stress correct starting point and formation of letters i.e. large writing on chalkboard, wet-dry-try, etc.

  • Make sure the tool size is proportional to the hand size

  • Forget the dot-to-dot use whole strokes when practicing writing


Wet dry try

Wet Dry Try

Adult writes letter

Student erases with wet sponge, dries, and then writes


Handwriting best practices debbie shatrowsky occupational therapist

Ideas for fine-motor centers


Handwriting best practices debbie shatrowsky occupational therapist

Teach letter sequencing and letter sounds with this poker chip alphabet sequencing activity and Leap Frog Fridge Phonics


Handwriting best practices debbie shatrowsky occupational therapist

Filo from Beyond Play $25.


Handwriting best practices debbie shatrowsky occupational therapist

Lakeshore products $60


Handwriting best practices debbie shatrowsky occupational therapist

Lakeshore Products Alphabet Rubbing Plates $19.95


Handwriting best practices debbie shatrowsky occupational therapist

HWTs Products


Handwriting best practices debbie shatrowsky occupational therapist

HWTs Square Block Paper


Integrating handwriting and reading programs

Integrating Handwriting and Reading Programs

Option 1: Separate the handwriting and reading sequence (remind students when letters and sounds have been previously taught)

Option 2: Integrate the handwriting and reading sequence (when introducing letter formation also introduce the sound/s and when introducing letter sounds use direct instruction for learn letter formation)

Option 3: Follow the reading sequence when introducing letter names and formation

(Leanne Meisinger/Learning Specialist CCPS)


Handwriting best practices debbie shatrowsky occupational therapist

  • When teaching handwriting keep in mind the basic principles of UDL and the four major channels of learning:

  • Visual learnerslearn through seeing.

  • Auditorylearnersprefer to listen

  • Tactilelearners like to use their fine-motor skills when learning

  • Kinestheticlearners need to use their bodies in the learning process. They need to “do”. They are hands-on learners.

  • http://www.cast.org/udl/


Resources

Resources

  • Amazon.com

  • Beery-Buktenica Developmental Test of Visual-Motor Integration 6th Ed.

  • Beyond Play- Products for Early Childhood and Special Needs (beyondplay.com)

  • ccpsatot.wikispaces.com

  • Educate and Celebrate (http://www.learning-experts.com)

  • Handwriting Without Tears (hwtears.com)

  • Lakeshore Learning Materials (lakeshorelearning.com)

  • Leap Frog Products

  • Office Depot

  • Meisinger, Leanne /Learning Specialist CCPS

  • Therapyshoppe.com

  • UDL Principles (http://www.cast.org/udl/)


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