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Did the British public want decolonisation? C aim – to explain different attitudes and what impact this had B/A aim – to analyse how far the British public wanted and influenced decolonisation. These images were released in the media. What impact would they have on the British public?.
Did the British public want decolonisation?C aim – to explain different attitudes and what impact this had B/A aim – to analyse how far the British public wanted and influenced decolonisation
These images were released in the media.
What impact would they have on the British public?
The British public wanted decolonisation
What can you add so far?
What can you add from your sheet?
On the other hand...
There were people who still supported it. Who might they be? Why might they be like this?
1944 - Kenyan African Union (KAU) formed to campaign for African independence. First African appointment to legislative council.
1947 - Jomo Kenyatta becomes KAU leader.
1952 - Secret Kikuyu guerrilla group known as Mau Mau begins violent campaign against white settlers and even prosperous kikuyu who they felt had gone into league with the white settlers. Kikuyu make up 23% of Kenyans. They were removed from their land in the white highlands. State of emergency declared where Kenyan independence leaders were arrested. Kenyatta arrested.
1953 - Kenyatta charged with management of Mau Mau and jailed. KAU banned. Mau Maubrutually suppressed.
1956 - Mau Mau rebellion put down after thousands killed - mainly Africans.
1959 - Kenyatta released from jail but under house arrest.
1960 - State of emergency ends. Britain announces plans to prepare Kenya for majority African rule. Kenya African national Union (Kanu) formed by Tom Mboya and OgingaOdinga.
1961 - Kenyatta freed and assumes presidency of Kanu.
1963 - Kenya gains independence, with Kenyatta as prime minister.
We rebelled to gain independence. The British took our land and we had to fight back. We wanted to get our point across by any means necessary. It was unfair that white settlers had more importance. We did it for the future of the Kenyans. We’re just training to fight. We’re not just taking strange supernatural oaths, we’re just following our indigenous religion to resist the white settlers even further. Your parents may have been born in this house but my ancestors were there before.
I was born in this house...and my parents were born in this house...we have helped the Kenyans and the Kikuyu all our lives. Some even became very wealth from us as we put them in positions of great responsibility. When the Mau Mau came awful things happened. They brought my father in here and beat him in front of us. They then raped my mother. Terrible things... The British government had to do something...We’ve stayed as this is our home. It would be giving in to that terrible time if we left.
Aaron Brown. Kenya.
So... Were the British justified to declare a state of emergency?
Yes – it was a state of emergency, they had to get control, arresting Kenyatta sent a message, putting Mau Mau in camps was a way to get control.
No – it was an inhumane and unproportional reaction. Kenyatta did not lead the Mau Mau.
Summarise the process of Kenya becoming independent in one word for each bullet point.
Use these words to explain how Kenya became independent.
What caused Kenya to become independent?