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PAPER 2 WORKSHOP. TARGET: Increase confidence in paper 2 skills and knowledge We will look at: Source skills - activity: How useful Political impact on Scotland Economic impact on Scotland Activity : Source interpretation practice. Skills . Comparison How useful How far How fully

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Paper 2 workshop

PAPER 2 WORKSHOP

TARGET: Increase confidence in paper 2 skills and knowledge

We will look at:

Source skills - activity: How useful

Political impact on Scotland

Economic impact on Scotland

Activity : Source interpretation practice


Skills
Skills

  • Comparison

  • How useful

  • How far

  • How fully

    TIMING

    1 hour 25 mins so:

    25 mins for 10 markers

    15 mins for 5 markers,

    5 mins to go back over your answers.


Remember remember
REMEMBER, REMEMBER!!

  • EXPLAIN every point you make

  • Separate every point in its own paragraph

  • Count your points as you make them

  • Give as much detail as you possibly can – the more you give, the greater chance you will have of getting a higher grade.


Task 1
TASK 1

  • In pairs, looking at a candidate’s answer for how useful :

    • 1. What do you think they got?

    • 2. What have they done wrong/right?


Who s who in scottish politics

Who’s Who in Scottish Politics

Leading figures who may appear in the sources


Willie gallacher
Willie Gallacher

  • Leader of the Clyde Worker’s Committee

  • Imprisoned for sedition in 1916 (Red Clydeside) and again in 1919


John maclean
John MacLean

  • Anti-war and anti-conscription campaigner

  • Devotee of revolutionary Marxism

  • Arrested for sedition


Manny shinwell
Manny Shinwell

  • Leader of Clyde Worker’s Committee involved in 40 hour strike 1919

  • Later became ILP MP


David kirkwood
David Kirkwood

  • Leader of Clyde Worker’s Committee

  • Openly resisted the Munitions Act which resulted in his extradition to…Edinburgh!

  • Arrested for ‘incitement to riot’ on ‘Bloody Friday’ 1919.

  • Not as radical as Maclean


James maxton
James Maxton

  • Leader of the ILP, Pacifist and critic of conscription and Britain’s involvement in WWI.

  • Labour candidate in 1922, won Bridgeton seat

  • Not as radical as MacLean


John wheatley
John Wheatley

  • Labour MP

  • Opposed the war

  • Set up the Union for Democratic Control that campaigned for peace

  • 1915 he took a leading role in the rent strikes (WC housing was his main issue throughout his political career)

  • 1916 he campaigned against conscription


Patrick dollan
Patrick Dollan

  • Prominent member of the ILP

  • Wrote for Forward (ILP newspaper)


Mary barbour
Mary Barbour

  • Came to the fore in the 1915 rent strikes in organising resistance to evictions.

  • Member of the ILP and later became Glasgow Council’s first female councillor.


Helen crawford
Helen Crawford

  • WSPU member

  • ILP member

  • Organised campaign to oppose British involvement in war called the Women’s Peace Crusade

  • Communist party links


Agnes dollan
Agnes Dollan

  • Leader of the Glasgow Rent strikes

  • ILP member and WSPU member

  • Later Labour candidate

  • Campaigner of the Woman’s Labour League to support the equality in employment and wages of women


The political landscape after the war
THE POLITICAL LANDSCAPEAFTER THE WAR

  • ILP and Labour grow

  • Politicisation of working class due to demands to expand the franchise, socialist teaching by radicals PLUS strict government controls of DORA which prevents strike action and RESULTS in a disenchanted workforce who work long hours without adequate pay rises. Majority turn to the LABOUR party who want CHANGE. While others turn to the ‘law & order’ of the Conservatives to RESTORE the country to pre-war ideals.

  • Liberals do not recover from the split, popularity declines – uncertainty.

  • Support for Scottish Home Rule wanes as discarded in 1914. Full Irish home rule is granted in 1922 – in a spirit of unity and togetherness, Scottish Home Rule is dropped on outbreak of war and becomes a quiet minority post-war.

  • 1928 the Scottish National Party was formed and the issue is re-ignited

CONSERVATIVES

ILP

LABOUR PARTY

LIBERALS

UNIONISM


Evidenced in scottish votes in the elections
Evidenced in Scottish votes in the elections;

  • 1918, 30% of vote = Conservatives

  • 1922 40 out of 43 Labour candidates were also members of the ILP

  • 1922 Labour won 10/15 Glasgow constituency seats

  • 1924 Conservatives won 38 Scottish seats (compared to Labour’s 26)

  • 1924 Labour minority government – although short lived (led by Scot Ramsay McDonald)

  • 1920s overall saw the ILP peak in popularity, 1/3 of all British members were in fact Scottish (300/1000 branches located in Scotland)

USE EXAMPLES !!


Red clydeside growth of radicalism
RED CLYDESIDE/Growth of RADICALISM

=Phase between 1915-16 of strikes and demonstrations

=Includes the Rent Strikes, Dilution, George Square riots, 40 hour week protest, various company strikes. ‘Tuppence an hour’ engineer strike

GEORGE SQUARE – ‘BLOODY FRIDAY’ 31/01/1919

  • 100,000 gather to support 40 hour working week

  • Govt. overreacts and sends 12,000 soldiers and 6 tanks sent to settle disturbances between police and protestors.



Scotland s economy is historically based on
Scotland’s economy is historically based on:

  • HEAVY industry = steel, coal, shipbuilding, railways, rubber, engineering locomotives

  • OTHER: Fishing industry – herring which is exported to European markets, textiles mainly centralised in Dundee, wool industry, agriculture

    HOWEVER, WWI impact results in dramatic change:


Clydeside boom
Clydeside BOOM!

  • Ship ORDERS of £16million

  • DIVERSIFICATION of industry as ship yards also turn to making aircraft components, tanks and artillery.(Beardmore, Brown, Fairfields)

  • 24,000 full time EMPLOYMENT

  • 90% of armour plating comes from Glasgow

  • Increased PROFITS – 481 warships built on the Clyde during the 4 years of war


Fishing agriculture
FISHING & AGRICULTURE

  • Navy took over inshore areas of Firth of Forth

  • Lost Russian and German markets – demand declined

  • Employment decreased due to voluntarism and conscription

  • North sea closed to fishing

  • Fish price rose and eventually rationed

  • Sheep farming boom – government bought wool stocks


Women economy
WOMEN & ECONOMY

  • Women temporarily stepped into the jobs of men

  • Munitions eg Gretna employed 9000 women

  • On average, paid 45% less than men in the Jute industry (which is why these industries profited so much!)

  • Else Inglis – field hospitals

  • Worked in tram and rail industries, engineering through dilution – areas where women would normally never be seen

  • Representation of the People Act - vote

  • Politicised by war through work and rent strikes

  • First rent strike, May 1915, 25,000 joined by the end of the year.


The economic landscape after the war
THE ECONOMIC LANDSCAPE AFTER THE WAR

  • Temporary boost to shipbuilding to repair and build ships to replace those damaged by merchant navy

  • Foreign competition ruined textiles industry along with Trade Union disputes and lack of investment

  • Demand for coal and steel declined

  • Herring industry never recovered to pre-war levels

  • Coal – falling orders

  • Locomotives were amalgamated and production moved south

  • Decline in agriculture due to loss of workers and emigration – Land raids caused problems

COAL

AGRICULTURE

LOCOMOTIVES

HERRING

JUTE

STEEL

SHIPBUILDING


Task 2
Task 2

  • In groups, you will be given two sources.

  • In the 10 marker – identify the source points, add recall points (as many as you can think of)

  • In the how useful – identify the OPCR


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