Chapter Three Victims and Victimization. Criminology 9 th and 10th edition Larry J. Siegel. Victimology. The study of crime victims and their relationship to the criminal justice process. Question. CAN SOCIETY BE A VICTIM OF CRIME? IF SO, HOW?. The Problems of Crime Victimization.
Criminology 9th and 10th edition
Larry J. Siegel
© 2003 Wadsworth Publishing Co.
The study of crime victims and their relationship to the criminal justice process.
CAN SOCIETY BE A VICTIM OF CRIME?
IF SO, HOW?
IN ADDITION TO PROPERTY LOSS, HOW DOES CRIME AFFECT PRODUCTIVITY AND SOCIAL COSTS?
WHAT IS THE CYCLE OF VIOLENCE?
Gender, Age, Race, Marital and Social StatusThe Nature of Victimization
Does a person bear some of the responsibility
for his or her victimization,
Should we blame the victim?
What factors predict
Theories of Victimization Potential for Victimization
According to the victim precipitation perspective, what is the difference between
active and passive precipitation?
Do you think that schools create a
“high risk” lifestyle for teenagers?
Are neighborhoodsorindividual characteristics more important for determining victimization?
Motivated Potential for Victimization
Suitable targetsRoutine Activity TheoryFelson & Cohen
The interaction of three factors!
6th Amendment, U.S. Constitution
In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and
public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime
shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained
by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be
confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for
obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the assistance of counsel for his
Should the following be added to the Sixth Amendment?
“In every criminal prosecution, the victim shall have the right
to be present and to be heard
at all critical stages of the judicial proceedings.”
Victim Potential for Victimization
InterventionVictim Service Programs
What is “target hardening?”
Do you think that self-protection in the form of
citizen firearm possession (defensive use)
is a reasonable victim prevention tactic?
What do studies show?
Do you think restorative justice is a legitimate answer to victims and society?