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Petri Suuronen (FAO) Coral Triangle Fishers Forum, Indonesia, 15-17 June 2010

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Coral Triangle Initiative FAO-GEF Project REBYC II – CTI Strategies for Trawl Fisheries Bycatch Management. Petri Suuronen (FAO) Coral Triangle Fishers Forum, Indonesia, 15-17 June 2010. Why worry about bycatch ? Why REBYC II is needed?.

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Coral Triangle InitiativeFAO-GEF Project REBYC II – CTIStrategies for Trawl Fisheries Bycatch Management

Petri Suuronen (FAO)

Coral Triangle Fishers Forum, Indonesia, 15-17 June 2010

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Why worry about bycatch? Why REBYC II is needed?

  • Bottom/shrimp trawl fisheries in high-biodiversity ecosystems produces large quantities of low value fish (bycatch):
    • ‘trash fish’
    • increasinly juveniles
  • Growing concern thattrash fish catch is:
    • threatening sustainability of fisheries
    • affecting livelihoods and opportunities
    • decreasing food security
purpose of rebyc ii cti project
Purpose of REBYC II – CTI project
  • Improve trawl fisheries management and practices
    • minimise the catch of juveniles
    • minimise discards where such take place
    • avoid capture of protected species
    • avoid destructive impact on sensitive habitats
    • reduce overall footprint of fisheries on biodiversity
  • Evaluate costs and benefits
    • balance between environmental well-being and human well-being
    • win-win-win is the goal
how is this achieved
How is this achieved?
  • The project will work directly with:
    • fishers (small scale and large scale)
    • fishing industry (processors, retailers)
    • other stakeholders
  • The project will engage the private sector to participate in developing and adopting best practices
  • The project will assist and facilitate a change and seek a regional consensus !
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The project spans over:

    • - Coral Triangle area
    • - South China Sea
challenges
Challenges
  • How to reduce overcapacity and excess effort ?
    • a major driver in IUU (Illegal, Unregulated and Unreported fishing)
  • Trash fish increasingly important for livelihoods
    • aquaculture development a strong economic driver (high demand of feed)
    • how to create effective incentives for fishers to reduce trash fish?
    • how to increase resilience of coastal livelihoods (in face of conservation pressures)
  • The project has a limited budget cannot address all problems!
potential solutions
Potential solutions
  • cooperation on zonation and closed areas
  • self directed fishing effort controls
  • collaboration in improving fishing practices
  • alternative feeds for aquaculture
  • cooperation to improve legislation
    • We are all working towards the same goal
  • Strong collaboration with national, regional and global partners is needed!
benefits to reduce trash fish and juveniles
Benefits to reduce trash fish and juveniles
  • Improvement of productive potential of fish stocks:
    • improved yields in the future
    • larger size of fish
    • larger economic gains
    • improved food security
    • positive public attitude
  • Reduction of the operational costs:
    • improved catch quality and value
    • less gear drag = reduced fuel cost
    • reduced sorting time of catch
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