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Coral Triangle Initiative FAO-GEF Project REBYC II – CTI Strategies for Trawl Fisheries Bycatch Management. Petri Suuronen (FAO) Coral Triangle Fishers Forum, Indonesia, 15-17 June 2010. Why worry about bycatch ? Why REBYC II is needed?.

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Coral Triangle InitiativeFAO-GEF Project REBYC II – CTIStrategies for Trawl Fisheries Bycatch Management

Petri Suuronen (FAO)

Coral Triangle Fishers Forum, Indonesia, 15-17 June 2010


Why worry about bycatch? Why REBYC II is needed?

  • Bottom/shrimp trawl fisheries in high-biodiversity ecosystems produces large quantities of low value fish (bycatch):

    • ‘trash fish’

    • increasinly juveniles

  • Growing concern thattrash fish catch is:

    • threatening sustainability of fisheries

    • affecting livelihoods and opportunities

    • decreasing food security


Purpose of rebyc ii cti project
Purpose of REBYC II – CTI project

  • Improve trawl fisheries management and practices

    • minimise the catch of juveniles

    • minimise discards where such take place

    • avoid capture of protected species

    • avoid destructive impact on sensitive habitats

    • reduce overall footprint of fisheries on biodiversity

  • Evaluate costs and benefits

    • balance between environmental well-being and human well-being

    • win-win-win is the goal


How is this achieved
How is this achieved?

  • The project will work directly with:

    • fishers (small scale and large scale)

    • fishing industry (processors, retailers)

    • other stakeholders

  • The project will engage the private sector to participate in developing and adopting best practices

  • The project will assist and facilitate a change and seek a regional consensus !



Challenges
Challenges

  • How to reduce overcapacity and excess effort ?

    • a major driver in IUU (Illegal, Unregulated and Unreported fishing)

  • Trash fish increasingly important for livelihoods

    • aquaculture development a strong economic driver (high demand of feed)

    • how to create effective incentives for fishers to reduce trash fish?

    • how to increase resilience of coastal livelihoods (in face of conservation pressures)

  • The project has a limited budget cannot address all problems!


Potential solutions
Potential solutions

  • cooperation on zonation and closed areas

  • self directed fishing effort controls

  • collaboration in improving fishing practices

  • alternative feeds for aquaculture

  • cooperation to improve legislation

    • We are all working towards the same goal

  • Strong collaboration with national, regional and global partners is needed!


Benefits to reduce trash fish and juveniles
Benefits to reduce trash fish and juveniles

  • Improvement of productive potential of fish stocks:

    • improved yields in the future

    • larger size of fish

    • larger economic gains

    • improved food security

    • positive public attitude

  • Reduction of the operational costs:

    • improved catch quality and value

    • less gear drag = reduced fuel cost

    • reduced sorting time of catch



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