The persian wars 492 449 bc
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The Persian Wars (492—449 BC). Background. Persia= Iran today Great military state Leader: Cyrus the Great (580—529 BC) Took over Asia Minor in 546 BC. Athenians upset cause of colonies there—revolts occur. Darius I (550—486 BC) hated the Greeks. He sent messengers warning of an attack.

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The Persian Wars (492—449 BC)

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The persian wars 492 449 bc

The Persian Wars (492—449 BC)


Background

Background

  • Persia=Iran today

  • Great military state

  • Leader: Cyrus the Great (580—529 BC)

  • Took over Asia Minor in 546 BC.

  • Athenians upset cause of colonies there—revolts occur.

  • Darius I (550—486 BC) hated the Greeks. He sent messengers warning of an attack.

  • 9 years planning for one.

  • The Athenians asked the Spartans for help if the Persians attacked.

  • They both then ignored the Persian warnings.


Cyrus the great

Cyrus the Great


Darius i

Darius I


The persian wars 492 449 bc

  • 490 BC—Persians attack Greeks.

  • Battle of Marathon (WIN for Greeks)

  • 20000 Persians vs. 10000 Athenians.

  • Persians land on Plains of Marathon, 26 miles from Athens.

  • Pheidippides sent to Sparta requesting help.

  • “Rejoice! We are victorious.”

  • Sparta could not help because of a helot revolt.

  • Miltiades (Milt tee add eez) uses hoplites to attack Persians.

  • Result: 6400 Persians killed, 192 Athenians.

  • Persians went to out to sea… and waited!


The persian wars 492 449 bc

The Battle of Marathon


Battle of thermopylae 480 bc

Battle of Thermopylae (480 BC)

  • Sparta agrees to help Athens after seeing the Persians can be defeated.Spartans

  • Themistocles (Them miss stock a leez) new general.

  • Army up to 150 000 soldiers strong, with aid from Sparta. They built 200 ships. Persia had 500 ships.

  • Persia had a new leader, Xerxes. He was arrogant, even had a golden throne.

  • Greeks to meet the Persians at the narrow passage of Thermopylae.


The persian wars 492 449 bc

The Battle of Thermopylae


The persian wars 492 449 bc

  • 7300 Greeks at the passage.

  • A traitor led the Persians around the Greeks.

  • The 7300 were killed.

  • Persians “sacked and burned” Athens.


Battle of salamis bay sept 4 480 bc

Battle of Salamis Bay (Sept 4, 480 BC)

  • Greeks ships were waiting in Salamis Bay.

  • Persian ships too large to enter through straights. They ran into each other and sank.

  • Persians turned around and retreated. The Greeks followed for a year.


Battle of salamis bay

Battle of Salamis Bay


The persian wars 492 449 bc

  • 479 BC: 60 000 Greeks destroyed 80 000 Persians at Mycale in Persia.

  • How were they successful?

    • They were more organized

    • They were determined not to be ruled by foreigners

    • They were unified

  • Greeks now have complete control of the Aegean world, forming the first global power.

  • Trade flourished and the power and culture of the Greeks becomes recognized.

  • The Greeks now have a strong sense of unity for the first time in their history.

  • This becomes known as the Golden Age of Greece.


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