Economics eoc review
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Economics EOC Review. Review. Unit 1 Review Questions. Question 1. What are the three key economic questions?. Question 1. What are the three key economic questions? What should be produced? For whom should we produce it ? How should we produce it?. Question 2.

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Economics eoc review

Economics EOC Review

Review


Unit 1 review questions

Unit 1 Review Questions


Question 1

Question 1

  • What are the three key economic questions?


Question 11

Question 1

  • What are the three key economic questions?

  • What should be produced?

  • For whom should we produce it ?

  • How should we produce it?


Question 2

Question 2

  • What are the factors of production?


Question 21

Question 2

  • What are the factors of production?

  • Land

  • Labor

  • Capital


Question 3

Question 3

  • Any product that is man-made and is used to make other goods/services is considered _____ when discussing the factors of production


Question 31

Question 3

  • Any product that is man-made is considered _capital_ when discussing the factors of production


Question 4

Question 4

  • Economics is the study of ____


Question 41

Question 4

  • Economics is the study of ____

  • How a society uses its resources to satisfy its wants and needs


Question 5

Question 5

  • All resources are ___


Question 51

Question 5

  • All resources are ___

  • Scarce


Question 6

Question 6

  • What is the function of an economic system?

  • A. to make sure all people have equal access to goods

  • B. to produce and distribute goods and services

  • C. to give all producers the same access to consumers

  • D. to make sure people are paid for their labor


Question 61

Question 6

  • What is the function of an economic system?

  • A. to make sure all people have equal access to goods

  • B. to produce and distribute goods and services

  • C. to give all producers the same access to consumers

  • D. to make sure people are paid for their labor


Question 7

Question 7

  • What is the struggle among various producers for the consumer’s business called?

  • A. socialism

  • B. incentive

  • C. competition

  • D. self-regulation


Question 71

Question 7

  • What is the struggle among various producers for the consumer’s business called?

  • A. socialism

  • B. incentive

  • C. competition

  • D. self-regulation


Question 8

Question 8

  • Which of the following is NOT characteristic of a centrally planned economy?

  • A. The central government owns all land and capital.

  • B. The central government makes all economic decisions.

  • C. Each collective or factory sets its own goals.

  • D. Each person is assigned a job.


Question 81

Question 8

  • Which of the following is NOT characteristic of a centrally planned economy?

  • A. The central government owns all land and capital.

  • B. The central government makes all economic decisions.

  • C. Each collective or factory sets its own goals.

  • D. Each person is assigned a job.


Question 9

Question 9

  • Which of the following was a free market philosopher?

  • A. Karl Marx

  • B. Vladimir Lenin

  • C. Adam Smith

  • D. Friedrich Engels


Question 91

Question 9

  • Which of the following was a free market philosopher?

  • A. Karl Marx

  • B. Vladimir Lenin

  • C. Adam Smith

  • D. Friedrich Engels


Question 10

Question 10

  • What is the motivating force behind the free market?

  • A. competition

  • B. self-interest

  • C. the invisible hand

  • D. specialization


Question 101

Question 10

  • What is the motivating force behind the free market?

  • A. competition

  • B. self-interest

  • C. the invisible hand

  • D. specialization


Question 111

Question 11

  • A person who believed in the doctrine of laissez faire would disapprove of

  • A. the invisible hand of the marketplace.

  • B. consumer sovereignty.

  • C. self-interest as the motivating force in the free market.

  • D. government funding of education.


Question 112

Question 11

  • A person who believed in the doctrine of laissez faire would disapprove of

  • A. the invisible hand of the marketplace.

  • B. consumer sovereignty.

  • C. self-interest as the motivating force in the free market.

  • D. government funding of education.


Question 12

Question 12

  • Suppose there is a family in which all the boys are expected to become farmers when they are adults, just as their fathers and grandfathers did. In which kind of economy do they participate?

  • A. false economy

  • B. traditional economy

  • C. command economy

  • D. centrally planned economy


Question 121

Question 12

  • Suppose there is a family in which all the boys are expected to become farmers when they are adults, just as their fathers and grandfathers did. In which kind of economy do they participate?

  • A. false economy

  • B. traditional economy

  • C. command economy

  • D. centrally planned economy


Question 13

Question 13

  • Households pay firms for goods and services. Firms supply households with goods and services. The purchase and supply of goods and services takes place in the

  • A. product market.

  • B. after market.

  • C. factor market.

  • D. traditional market.


Question 131

Question 13

  • Households pay firms for goods and services. Firms supply households with goods and services. The purchase and supply of goods and services takes place in the

  • A. product market.

  • B. after market.

  • C. factor market.

  • D. traditional market.


Question 14

Question 14

  • A person believes that real equality can only exist when political equality is coupled with economic equality. This person believes that democratic means should be used to distribute wealth evenly throughout society. This person is a

  • A. socialist.

  • B. capitalist.

  • C. communist.

  • D. authoritarian.


Question 141

Question 14

  • A person believes that real equality can only exist when political equality is coupled with economic equality. This person believes that democratic means should be used to distribute wealth evenly throughout society. This person is a

  • A. socialist.

  • B. capitalist.

  • C. communist.

  • D. authoritarian.


Question 15

Question 15

  • What does the process of specialization do for an economy?

  • A. It eliminates unemployment.

  • B. It fosters competition.

  • C. It makes it more efficient.

  • D. It makes it easier to control.


Question 151

Question 15

  • What does the process of specialization do for an economy?

  • A. It eliminates unemployment.

  • B. It fosters competition.

  • C. It makes it more efficient.

  • D. It makes it easier to control.


Question 16

Question 16

  • What is an important advantage of a free market?

  • A. It does not change unless the government directs it.

  • B. It offers a wide variety of goods and services.

  • C. It is easy to regulate.

  • D. It protects the less fortunate.


Question 161

Question 16

  • What is an important advantage of a free market?

  • A. It does not change unless the government directs it.

  • B. It offers a wide variety of goods and services.

  • C. It is easy to regulate.

  • D. It protects the less fortunate.


Question 17

Question 17

  • Government intervention in a modern economy is useful because

  • A. the needs and wants of modern society are always met by the marketplace.

    B. the marketplace has many incentives to create public goods such as parks and libraries.

    C. governments are able to provide some goods and services that the marketplace has no incentive to produce.

    D. the marketplace provides all of its own laws.


Question 171

Question 17

  • Government intervention in a modern economy is useful because

  • A. the needs and wants of modern society are always met by the marketplace.

    B. the marketplace has many incentives to create public goods such as parks and libraries.

    C. governments are able to provide some goods and services that the marketplace has no incentive to produce.

    D. the marketplace provides all of its own laws.


Question 18

Question 18

  • Why do markets exist?

  • A. Markets ensure that government does not intervene in the production of goods and services.

  • B. Markets provide self-sufficient people with public places for the exchange of ideas.

  • C. Markets ensure economic equity for all people.

  • D. Markets allow people to buy what they need to consume and sell the specialized goods and services they produce.


Question 181

Question 18

  • Why do markets exist?

  • A. Markets ensure that government does not intervene in the production of goods and services.

  • B. Markets provide self-sufficient people with public places for the exchange of ideas.

  • C. Markets ensure economic equity for all people.

  • D. Markets allow people to buy what they need to consume and sell the specialized goods and services they produce.


Question 19

Question 19

  • Who was the writer that introduced communism and central planning to the former Soviet Union?

  • A. Karl Marx

  • B. Vladimir Lenin

  • C. Joseph Stalin

  • D. Friedrich Engels


Question 191

Question 19

  • Who was the writer that introduced communism and central planning to the former Soviet Union?

  • A. Karl Marx

  • B. Vladimir Lenin

  • C. Joseph Stalin

  • D. Friedrich Engels


Question 20

Question 20

  • What factors create the phenomenon of the “invisible hand”?

    A. incentives and efficiency.

    B. specialization and efficiency.

    C. competition between firms.

    D. competition and self interest.


Question 201

Question 20

  • What factors create the phenomenon of the “invisible hand”?

    A. incentives and efficiency.

    B. specialization and efficiency.

    C. competition between firms.

    D. competition and self interest.


Review

What does the upper half of Figure 2.1, marked “1,” represent?

According to Figure 2.1, what does the lower line of monetary flow, marked “2,” show?


Question 23

Question 23

  • The purpose of a production possibilities graph is to

  • A. enable a country to mobilize to win a war.

  • B. keep an economy from having nonproductive workers.

  • C. show alternative ways to use an economy’s resources.

  • D. make it possible to increase an economy’s output.


Question 231

Question 23

  • The purpose of a production possibilities graph is to

  • A. enable a country to mobilize to win a war.

  • B. keep an economy from having nonproductive workers.

  • C. show alternative ways to use an economy’s resources.

  • D. make it possible to increase an economy’s output.


Question 24

Question 24

  • Production possibilities frontiers curve when they are charted on a graph because they show

  • A. the underutilization of resources.

  • B. the maximum output of goods and services.

  • C. the increasing costs resulting in increasingly less output.

  • D. the technological level of the economy’s productivity.


Question 241

Question 24

  • Production possibilities frontiers curve when they are charted on a graph because they show

  • A. the underutilization of resources.

  • B. the maximum output of goods and services.

  • C. the increasing costs resulting in increasingly less output.

  • D. the technological level of the economy’s productivity.


Question 25

Question 25

  • What is the opportunity cost of a decision?

  • A. the series of alternative decisions that could have been made

  • B. the best possible way the question could have been decided

  • C. the different ways that a different person might have made the decision

  • D. the most desirable alternative given up for the decision


Question 251

Question 25

  • What is the opportunity cost of a decision?

  • A. the series of alternative decisions that could have been made

  • B. the best possible way the question could have been decided

  • C. the different ways that a different person might have made the decision

  • D. the most desirable alternative given up for the decision


Question 26

Question 26

  • Which of the following lists would an economist consider to be land?

  • A. factories, office buildings, assembly lines, workers

  • B. farm fields, tractors, pesticides, fertilizers

  • C. dams, bridges, rock quarries, oil wells

  • D. iron ore, natural gas, fertile soil, water


Question 261

Question 26

  • Which of the following lists would an economist consider to be land?

  • A. factories, office buildings, assembly lines, workers

  • B. farm fields, tractors, pesticides, fertilizers

  • C. dams, bridges, rock quarries, oil wells

  • D. iron ore, natural gas, fertile soil, water


Question 27

Question 27

  • Which of the following would qualify as labor?

    A. working for Habitat for Humanity to help build a house for someone.

    B. sweeping the floors as part of your household chores.

    C. taking orders at McDonald's for minimum wage.

    D. studying for your tests and doing your homework.


Question 271

Question 27

  • Which of the following would qualify as labor?

    A. working for Habitat for Humanity to help build a house for someone.

    B. sweeping the floors as part of your household chores.

    C. taking orders at McDonald's for minimum wage.

    D. studying for your tests and doing your homework.


Question 28

Question 28

  • Louisville Slugger, a company that makes baseball bats, is underutilizing its resources. What does this mean?

    A. Louisville Slugger is running efficiently.

    B. Louisville Slugger is running more efficiently than its competitors.

    C. Louisville Slugger should be making baseball gloves rather than baseball bats.

    D. Louisville Slugger is producing fewer bats than it could be.


Question 281

Question 28

  • Louisville Slugger, a company that makes baseball bats, is underutilizing its resources. What does this mean?

    A. Louisville Slugger is running efficiently.

    B. Louisville Slugger is running more efficiently than its competitors.

    C. Louisville Slugger should be making baseball gloves rather than baseball bats.

    D. Louisville Slugger is producing fewer bats than it could be.


Question 29

Question 29

  • The government of a country must make a decision between increasing military spending and subsidizing farmers. This kind of decision is a matter of

    A. guns or butter.

    B. deciding on the opportunity cost.

    C. a trade-off.

    D. a basic economic decision.


Question 291

Question 29

  • The government of a country must make a decision between increasing military spending and subsidizing farmers. This kind of decision is a matter of

    A. guns or butter.

    B. deciding on the opportunity cost.

    C. a trade-off.

    D. a basic economic decision.


Question 30

Question 30

  • What is the difference between a shortage and scarcity?

    A. A shortage can be temporary or long-term, but scarcity always exists.

    B. A shortage results from rising prices; scarcity results from falling prices.

    C. A shortage is a lack of all goods and services; scarcity concerns a single item.

    D. There is no difference between a shortage and scarcity.


Question 301

Question 30

  • What is the difference between a shortage and scarcity?

    A. A shortage can be temporary or long-term, but scarcity always exists.

    B. A shortage results from rising prices; scarcity results from falling prices.

    C. A shortage is a lack of all goods and services; scarcity concerns a single item.

    D. There is no difference between a shortage and scarcity.


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