civil society organizations and government
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Civil Society Organizations and Government

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 13

Civil Society Organizations and Government - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Civil Society Organizations and Government. An Illustration of Practical Evolution Kenya 2008-12. Introduction. Key: Creation of a relationship of trust Government-CSO collaboration is a process , not a “given.”

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Civil Society Organizations and Government' - kamal-warner

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
civil society organizations and government

Civil Society Organizations and Government

An Illustration of Practical Evolution



  • Key: Creation of a relationship of trust
  • Government-CSO collaboration is a process, nota “given.”
  • Governments frequently view civil society as a nuisance, even a threat, and not a partner.
  • Freedom of Association includes the freedom of people to work together to achieve self-selected goals, which may or may not be compatible with Government plans.
kenya ngo act background
Kenya NGO Act - Background
  • Key “ACTORS”:
    • GOK – NGO Coordinating Board, Ministries, Parliamentary Committees
    • CSOs – NGO Council, PEN, CSO Reference Group
    • Consulting Partners: Charity Commission, ICNL, WMD
  • 2006 – Gov’t study of operation of NGO Act of 1990 …. “Sessional Paper”
    • Found many problems with current regulation … e.g., confusing and duplicative regulatory authority, Council representing CSOs failed, costly reg. process, laxity and discretion….
    • Recommended thorough review and change

2008 – Board undertook mandated review

    • GOK (NGO Coordinating Board) requested technical assistance from Charity Commission (CC), and ICNL asked to participate.
    • Partnership established betew Board and CSOs for establishing ground rules for review process.
      • CC and Board selected PEN to gather CSO reps to participate in review – Council seen as ineffective

2009-10 Review process agreed to, but funders did not make this process a priority.

    • CSO Reference Group - coordinate CSOs’ engagement
    • Lawyers for GOK and CSOs (w/ CC and ICNL TA) undertook legal review
    • Regional Conversations with stakeholders, but (for insufficient funding), handled separately .. Board held 3, CSOs held more.
    • ICNL hosted GOK and CSO lawyers as “fellows”: drafted papers on key issues and on to process forward to develop legislative process.
    • General regulatory principles agreed to.

Major emphasis in 2010 –


  • CSOs and GOK focused on const’l reform
  • Successful collaboration betw. Elements of GOK and CSO in terms of drafting and ultimate adoption of liberal constitution
    • Reinforcement and strengthening of individual and collective Freedoms and Rights, and limitations on powers of gov.
  • Required Parliament to adopt measures to implement Const. within 2 years

Draft NGO Laws prepared by both Board and by CSO Reference Group during 2010

    • Contrasting approaches
  • Little direct contact between Board and CSO Ref. Group
  • A second CSO-sponsored Bill drafted and circulated among stakeholders – The Public Benefit Organization Bill, providing for much less GOK regulatory oversight and eliminating the Council.

2011-12– Legislative Process

    • CSO Reference Group expands mandate to include broad range of CSOs
    • Contacts made with key Parliamentarians (esp. relevant Committees) and Law Reform Comm.
    • Continued improvements in draft PBO Bill – vetted across country.
    • Board uncommunicative, but ministries engaged.
    • Bill introduced in Parliament as Member’s Bill, but under sponsorship of Chair of Comm. on Labor and Soc. Welfare.
final collaboration
Final Collaboration
  • After PBO Bill introduced, before Board draft was, contacts resumed betw. Board and CSO Reference Group.
  • Joint working group has completed amendments to enable a single Bill, acceptable to Board and CSO community to proceed on fast track… as an Bill to implement Constitution, and before 2013 elections.
  • Process toward collaboration between government and CSOs rarely easy “straight line.”
  • Early engagement among stakeholders essential, even if it cannot be maintained throughout. Working knowledge of one another can lead to trust, even without agreement.

Door always left open to re-engage, and keeping other side informed as much as possible can be helpful, even w/o continuing response.

  • Essential to hold support among constituency, through vetting, asking for opinions, meetings, etc… and this can be expensive.
  • Care taken in process, up to and including well-constructed leg. effort, can have lasting impact on all stakeholders.
civil society organizations and government1

Civil Society Organizations and Government

An Illustration of Practical Evolution