Measuring and explaining the everyday significance of fear of crime. Emily Gray, University of Keele; Jonathan Jackson, London School of Economics; Stephen Farrall, University of Sheffield. Outline of the presentation. Introduction to the fear of crime.
Emily Gray, University of Keele;
Jonathan Jackson, London School of Economics;
Stephen Farrall, University of Sheffield
- “have you worried in the past 12 months?”
- “how many times have you worried about… in the last 12 months”
- “On the last occasion how fearful did you feel?’
Cross tabulation of old and new measures – Robbery
The ‘unworried’: respondents who indicated (a) that they were ‘not at all’ or ‘not very’ worried, and (b) that they had experienced any worrying episodes in the past year;
The ‘anxious’: respondents who indicated (a) that they were ‘fairly’ or ‘very’ worried, but (b) that they had not experienced any worrying episodes in the past year;
The ‘worried’: respondents who indicated that (a) they were worried and (b) had experienced worrying episodes in the past year.
Exploring if worry about crime is ever ‘good for us,’ we asked about i) fear of crime; ii) precautions to minimise the risk of crime and iii)the impact on quality of life of (a) worries and (b) precautions.
1) We measure worry about crime using standard measures (or frequency measures);
2) If those who confirm they have worried about crime also admit that their quality of life is reduced either by their worries or their precautions against crime (if they take precautions), these individuals are assigned to the ‘dysfunctional’ fear group; and,
3) If the worried say instead that they take precautions that make them feel safer, and their quality of life is not reduced by either their worries or their precautions, then assign these individuals to the ‘helpful’ or ‘functional’ fear group.
Source: Unweighted data from the 2007 London Metropolitan Police Safer Neighbourhoods Survey. Total n = 2,784
Farrall, S., Jackson, J., and Gray, E. (2009), Social Order and the Fear of Crime in Contemporary Times. Oxford: Oxford University Press, Clarendon Studies in Criminology.
Jackson, J. and Gray, E. (2009). 'Functional Fear and Public Insecurities about Crime', British Journal of Criminology, doi: 10.1093/bjc/azp059.