introduction to the criminal trial
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Introduction to the Criminal Trial. The 10 Parts of a Criminal Trial. 1) Jury Selection 2) Opening STATEMENTS 3) Presentation of the Prosecution Case 4) Presentation of the Defense Case 5) Closing ARGUMENT 6) Jury Instructions 7) Jury Deliberation

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Presentation Transcript
the 10 parts of a criminal trial
The 10 Parts of a Criminal Trial
  • 1) Jury Selection
  • 2) Opening STATEMENTS
  • 3) Presentation of the Prosecution Case
  • 4) Presentation of the Defense Case
  • 5) Closing ARGUMENT
  • 6) Jury Instructions
  • 7) Jury Deliberation
  • 8) Verdict on Guilt
  • 9) (if Defendant found guilty) Sentencing Phase
  • 10) Judgment and Sentence
1 jury selection
1) Jury Selection
  • Find out about the jury
  • Challenges for cause
  • Peremptory challenges
  • Trying to find jurors to dismiss
2 opening statements
2) Opening Statements
  • Prosecution goes first
  • Then Defense
3 presentation of prosecution case
3) Presentation of Prosecution Case
  • Evidence is presented through witness testimony and documents
  • PROSECUTION’S direct examination
  • DEFENSE’S cross-examination
4 presentation of defense case
4) Presentation of Defense Case
  • The Defendant has a right NOT to put on a case!
  • DEFENSE’S direct examination
  • PROSECUTION’S cross-examination
5 closing argument
5) Closing Argument
  • NOT like opening statements
  • ARGUES the facts that came out during the case
  • Prosecution goes first
  • Defense goes second
  • Prosecution has an opportunity for “rebuttal”
6 jury instructions
6) Jury Instructions
  • Prosecution and Defense propose instructions for the jury
  • Judge reads the instructions to the jury
  • The jury instructions guide the next part…
7 jury deliberations
7) Jury Deliberations
  • Deliberations are guided by the jury instructions
8 verdict on guilt
8) Verdict on Guilt
  • Guilty = JURY MUST BE UNANIMOUS
  • Not Guilty = JURY MUST BE UNANIMOUS
  • “Hung Jury” = non-unanimous
9 sentencing phase
9) Sentencing Phase
  • Both sides present evidence
  • Prosecution presents evidence about why the Defendant should receive a certain sentence
  • Defense presents evidence about why s/he should receive a lesser sentence
  • Defendant can take the stand but s/he’s not under oath
10 judgment and sentence
10) Judgment and Sentence
  • Judgment of guilty
  • The sentence…
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